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    in the late nineteenth century, japanese attitudes toward european cultural influences changed as a direct result of

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    Revolutions

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    QUIZ

    Revolutions

    Revolutions 79%

    13 9th Social Studies

    (STUDENT)Catherine Swistek

    1 year

    35 Qs

    1. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    The first successful revolution in the Caribbean and South America was launched in

    answer choices Haiti Argentina Cuba Columbia Jamaica 2. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    Adoption of which of the following power sources has contributed the most to increasing the energy available to humans?

    answer choices Draft Animals Wind Power Fossil Fuels Nuclear Power 3. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    Yukichi Fukuzawa, Japanese intellectual, Commnetary on the Current Problems: Which of the following most likely influenced Fukuzawa's views in the passage?

    answer choices

    The Tokugawa Shogunate's policy of limiting contacts between Japan and the rest of the world

    The emphasis on peaceful resolution of conflicts in Shinto and Buddhist religious traditions

    the forcible "opening up" of Japanese markets to the West, which led to the Meiji Restoration

    The suppresion of the taiping rebellion in China, which resulted in significant loss of life

    4. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    In the late 19th century Japanese attitudes toward European cultural influences changed as a direct result of

    answer choices

    Japan isolating it’s economy from trade with western markets

    Japan and acting political reforms during the meiji era

    Japan to feeding China and the first Sino Japanese war

    Japan extending its empire over most of Southeast Asia

    5. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    The gender and age make up of the work for showing an image to best illustrates which of the following phenomena in mid-19th century European society

    answer choices

    Working class families in Bourgeois families generally has similar occupational patterns

    Within factory skilled workers continue to be predominantly male, while women and children continue to perform mostly unskilled factory work

    The development of working class neighborhoods was characterized by unsanitary living conditions and high levels of crime

    As more women moved into office or clerical jobs, factory owners treatment of female workers improved

    6. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    Image one best illustrates which of the following broad economic transformations in the period Circa 1750

    answer choices

    The transition from an industrial to A postindustrial economy

    The transition from a human- and animal- powered economy to a fossil fuel economy

    The transition from the first industrial revolution to the second industrial revolution

    The transition from guild system manufacturing to putting out system manufacturing

    7. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    Which of the following was the most immediate effect of the process illustrated in the images?

    answer choices

    A renewed push for overseas colonies as European countries competed for new sources of coal

    The launch of European sponsored industrialization efforts an Asian and African countries

    A decline in Asian countries share of world manufacturing as Asian goods lost ground to European imports

    The emergence of Germany as the dominant industrial power in Europe following German unification

    8. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    vladimir Lenin, Russian exile in Switzerland, what is to be done?, 1902: in the late 19th century and early 20th century some governments responded to the growing popularity of ideas such as ones expressed in the passage by doing which of the following

    answer choices

    Increasing the number of financial instruments available to help expand transitional businesses

    Expanding colonial territories and increasing industrial production

    Passing reforms designed to improve the conditions of industrial workers

    Opening large sectors of the economy to foreign direct investment

    9. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    Which of the following factors contributing most to the increase of world population in the period 1750 to 1900 CE

    answer choices

    A decline in the frequency of in deadliness of warfare

    Improvements in agriculture productivity and food distribution

    Improvements and rural healthcare

    A rapid increase in birthrates throughout the globe

    10. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    Which of the following best explains the general increase in the living standards of industrial workers between 1800 and 1914

    answer choices

    Deficit-Spending policies by governments in major industrial states

    The implementation Of strong protective tariffs

    The increase supply of inexpensive consumer goods

    Implementation of utopian socialist ideas in the organization of factory labor

    11. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    Adoption of which of the following power sources has contributed the most to increasing the energy available to humans?

    answer choices Draft Animals Wind Power Fossil Fuels Nuclear Power 12. Multiple-choice 1 minute Q.

    In the period from 1750 to 1850 which of the following political ideologies was gaining increasing influence in Western Europe and parts of the Atlantic world

    Source : quizizz.com

    Unit 5 WHAP Flashcards

    5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7 Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free.

    Unit 5 WHAP

    5.0 3 Reviews

    27 studiers in the last hour

    Based on the letter, Kartini's views were most similar to the views espoused by members of which of the following movements?

    Click card to see definition 👆

    (Definitely) The early feminist movement

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    Based on Bayly's argument, Indian liberal ideas were most clearly influenced by which of the following?

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    (Definitely) Enlightenment concepts of natural rights

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    1/62 Created by jtj2863

    5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7

    Terms in this set (62)

    Based on the letter, Kartini's views were most similar to the views espoused by members of which of the following movements?

    (Definitely) The early feminist movement

    Based on Bayly's argument, Indian liberal ideas were most clearly influenced by which of the following?

    (Definitely) Enlightenment concepts of natural rights

    The Indian liberal view of women discussed in the passage is best understood in the context of which of the following?

    (Definitely) Emerging women's suffrage and feminist movements

    Slavery and serfdom were abolished in the 1860s in

    (Definitely) United States and Russia

    Which of the following best explains Kartini's familiarity with the ideas regarding social roles that she discusses in her letter?

    (Definitely) The spread of Enlightenment thought as empires consolidated control over their territories

    Which of the following contributed the most to the growth of the movement to abolish slavery in the Atlantic world?

    (Definitely) The adaptation of Enlightenment ideas challenging established social hierarchies

    The author's argument regarding the effects of Western philosophy on the world is likely based on which of the following?

    (Definitely) The adoption of European Enlightenment political and scientific principles worldwide

    The Australian catalog page of 1929 shown above shows women primarily as

    (Definitely) consumers in a world economy

    The perspective of the author in the first paragraph can best be understood in the context of which of the following nineteenth-century developments?

    (Definitely) Competition among European states for global power and influence

    As described in the passage, the voting requirements in Japan circa 1878 most directly reflect the continuing influence of

    (Definitely) societal norms that assigned women lower status than the status of men

    Which of the following would most directly challenge the labor system portrayed in the sketch?

    (Definitely) The Enlightenment

    Which of the following groups was Bolívar most trying to influence with this letter?

    (Definitely) Creole Elites

    Judging from the excerpt above, which of the following was the main purpose of Morelos' speech?

    (Definitely) To offer a vision of Mexican history that could be used as a basis for nation building

    Many Indian historians after independence would likely have objected to Bayly's characterization of Indian liberalism on the basis of their belief that...

    (Definitely) Indian nationalism was inspired predominantly by Indian cultural and political traditions

    Which of the following European developments is most closely associated with the revolution in Haiti?

    (Definitely) The French Revolution

    In the excerpt, Bolívar expresses which of the following?

    (Definitely) Outrage at the effects of mercantilist policies

    "And God gave unto the Polish kings and knights freedom, that all might be brothers, both the richest and the poorest. The king and the men of knightly rank received into their brotherhood still more people.... And the number of brothers became as great as a nation, and in no nation were there so many people free and calling each other brothers as in Poland."

    Adam Mickiewicz, poem, 1832, about Polish uprisings against Russia in 1830 and 1831

    The passage above best reflects which of the following?

    (Definitely) Development of nationalism

    In what way did the Haitian Revolution differ from the French Revolution?

    (Definitely) The leaders of the Haitian Revolution came from a different social class than did the leaders of the French Revolution.

    he type of grievances outlined by the author in the passage was a key contributing factor in the outbreak of which of the following?

    (Definitely) The American Revolution

    The quotation above best supports which of the following conclusions about the author's motives for resistance to Spanish colonial rule in Latin America?

    (Definitely) Bolívar rejected Spanish mercantilist policies that restricted free trade in Latin America.

    The adoption of the new flag is an example of which of the following processes?

    (Definitely) Governmental efforts of multinational states to promote a new nationalist identity that would help prevent the emergence of ethnic separatism

    The image best illustrates which factor that contributed to Great Britain's increasing prominence as a global power in the nineteenth century?

    (Definitely) Great Britain's location on the Atlantic Ocean and its many waterways enabled it to import and export goods.

    Which of the following factors contributed most to the increase of world population in the period 1750 to 1900 C.E.?

    Source : quizlet.com

    China and Japan's Responses to the West in the 19th Century

    Japan and China reacted differently to pressure from the West in the 19th century: Japan opened trade with the West and modernized successfully, neither of which China did.

    China and Japan’s Responses to the West in the 19th Century

    Giulia Valentini Download PDF

    Nov 4 2013 • 255,934 views

    This content was originally written for an undergraduate or Master's program. It is published as part of our mission to showcase peer-leading papers written by students during their studies. This work can be used for background reading and research, but should not be cited as an expert source or used in place of scholarly articles/books.

    In the 19th century, after a long period of isolationism, China and then Japan came under pressure from the West to open to foreign trade and relations. The Industrial Revolution in Europe and the United States had created a wide gap between them and the West, leaving the two Asian nations behind technologically and military. In that period, neither of them had the power to stand up to the Western nations, and eventually both had to sign unequal treaties that forced them to open their ports and cities to foreign merchants.

    However, the way this process happened in each country and their reaction to it were very different, attracting the interest of many historians (Lockwood, 1956). How could two civilizations apparently so similar to each other react so differently to the same historical event? This essay, therefore, will argue that the main differences in Japan and China’s response to the West in the 19th century were that Japan yielded to Western pressure to open to trade while China refused to, and that Japan successfully modernized while China failed to. It will also present as the reasons for the difference in initial reaction China’s lesser understanding of the West and the historical timing of the Western intrusion; and as the reasons for the difference in modernization Japan’s familiarity with borrowing culturally from others, the rise of its reformist elite, and its pluralistic political system.

    First of all, the way China and Japan reacted to the West’s increasing pressure to open to trade was very different. Both countries had long maintained isolationist tendencies, with limited commerce with the West. China welcomed foreign trade, but western merchants had no privileges there and were confined to Canton, where they could only deal with the Co-hong, a group of traders (Edwardes, 1973). Japan was even stricter, allowing commerce only with the Dutch, who had access to only one port, Dejima (Rosenberg, 1978).

    This situation was not to be accepted by the Western nations for long, however, and by 1834 Lord Napier was sent by Britain to pressure the Chinese into allowing a more open trade. The Chinese government rejected his requests, and animosity arose between the two nations, with Chinese mobs surrounding the merchants’ quarter in Canton (Edwardes, 1973). Tensions eased temporarily, but the situation precipitated due to the British illicit trade in opium. In 1839, the new imperial commissioner Lin Tze-hsu arrived in Canton and confiscated 20,000 chests of opium from the British. Further disagreements, especially concerning the British’s refusal to hand over to Chinese authorities a sailor accused of killing a Chinese man, led to an armed naval confrontation in November 1839. This marked the beginning of the first of the Opium Wars, which would result in Chinese defeat and the establishment of a system of unequal treaties (Edwardes, 1973) (Martin, 1968) (Fairbank and Reischauer,1989).

    Japan, on the contrary, was much more receptive to the demands of Western envoys. In 1853 Commodore Perry was sent by the United states to give an ultimatum to Japan to open its ports, and when he returned the next year the Japanese authorities accepted to negotiate with him (Storry, 1960) (Rosenberg, 1978). This was a very different attitude to that of the Chinese, whose “view of the non-Chinese world recognized no appreciable difference between merchants and governments. All were barbarians” (Edwardes, 1973, p.298), and therefore refused to recognize the threat represented by the British officials. In the end, treaties with the West, through which China and Japan’s long-lasting seclusion came to an end, were signed by both nations: the Treaty of Kanagawa by Japan (Hall, 1979) and the Treaty of Nanking by China (Martin, 1968). However, China’s treaty was signed after heavy military losses and under much more unfavorable terms than Japan’s, due to its refusal to acknowledge the superior power of the West.

    An important factor causing this difference of reactions to Western pressure between Japan and China was historical timing. Western nations didn’t force Japan to end its isolationism until the 1850s, more than a decade after the beginning of the First Opium War in China. This was because they were already engaged in other parts of Asia, which created a “buffer” (Norman, cited in Moulder 1977, p.128), and because its lack of resources and demand for Western goods lessened Japan’s attractiveness to the West (Moulder, 1977). Despite its isolation, Japan was kept informed of what was happening abroad during the Opium War, and “the Dutch had repeatedly warned them through Nagasaki that they would have to accede to foreign demands” (Reischauer, 1978, p.119). Therefore, Japan was able to see first-hand the results of China’s defiance of Western demands, before it was its turn to respond to them. China, on the other hand, had no proof of Western military superiority and no previous examples to be guided by.

    Source : www.e-ir.info

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