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    The Executive Branch

    From the President, to the Vice President, to the Cabinet, learn more about the Executive Branch of the government of the United States.

    OUR GOVERNMENT

    The Executive Branch

    From the President, to the Vice President, to the Cabinet, learn more about the Executive Branch of the government of the United States

    NAVIGATE THIS SECTION

    The power of the Executive Branch is vested in the President of the United States, who also acts as head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. The President is responsible for implementing and enforcing the laws written by Congress and, to that end, appoints the heads of the federal agencies, including the Cabinet. The Vice President is also part of the Executive Branch, ready to assume the Presidency should the need arise.

    The Cabinet and independent federal agencies are responsible for the day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws. These departments and agencies have missions and responsibilities as widely divergent as those of the Department of Defense and the Environmental Protection Agency, the Social Security Administration and the Securities and Exchange Commission.

    Including members of the armed forces, the Executive Branch employs more than 4 million Americans.

    The President

    The President is both the head of state and head of government of the United States of America, and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.

    Under Article II of the Constitution, the President is responsible for the execution and enforcement of the laws created by Congress. Fifteen executive departments — each led by an appointed member of the President’s Cabinet — carry out the day-to-day administration of the federal government. They are joined in this by other executive agencies such as the CIA and Environmental Protection Agency, the heads of which are not part of the Cabinet, but who are under the full authority of the President. The President also appoints the heads of more than 50 independent federal commissions, such as the Federal Reserve Board or the Securities and Exchange Commission, as well as federal judges, ambassadors, and other federal offices. The Executive Office of the President (EOP) consists of the immediate staff to the President, along with entities such as the Office of Management and Budget and the Office of the United States Trade Representative.

    The President has the power either to sign legislation into law or to veto bills enacted by Congress, although Congress may override a veto with a two-thirds vote of both houses. The Executive Branch conducts diplomacy with other nations and the President has the power to negotiate and sign treaties, which the Senate ratifies. The President can issue executive orders, which direct executive officers or clarify and further existing laws. The President also has the power to extend pardons and clemencies for federal crimes.

    With these powers come several responsibilities, among them a constitutional requirement to “from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.” Although the President may fulfill this requirement in any way he or she chooses, Presidents have traditionally given a State of the Union address to a joint session of Congress each January (except in inaugural years) outlining their agenda for the coming year.

    The Constitution lists only three qualifications for the Presidency — the President must be at least 35 years of age, be a natural born citizen, and must have lived in the United States for at least 14 years. And though millions of Americans vote in a presidential election every four years, the President is not, in fact, directly elected by the people. Instead, on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November of every fourth year, the people elect the members of the Electoral College. Apportioned by population to the 50 states — one for each member of their congressional delegation (with the District of Columbia receiving 3 votes) — these Electors then cast the votes for President. There are currently 538 electors in the Electoral College.

    President Joseph R. Biden is the 46th President of the United States. He is, however, only the 45th person ever to serve as President; President Grover Cleveland served two nonconsecutive terms, and thus is recognized as both the 22nd and the 24th President. Today, the President is limited to two four-year terms, but until the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1951, a President could serve an unlimited number of terms. Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected President four times, serving from 1932 until his death in 1945; he is the only President ever to have served more than two terms.

    By tradition, the President and the First Family live in the White House in Washington, D.C., also the location of the President’s Oval Office and the offices of his or her senior staff. When the President travels by plane, his or her aircraft is designated Air Force One; the President may also use a Marine Corps helicopter, known as Marine One while the President is on board. For ground travel, the President uses an armored presidential limousine.

    The Vice President

    The primary responsibility of the Vice President of the United States is to be ready at a moment’s notice to assume the Presidency if the President is unable to perform his or her duties. This can be because of the President’s death, resignation, or temporary incapacitation, or if the Vice President and a majority of the Cabinet judge that the President is no longer able to discharge the duties of the presidency.

    Source : www.whitehouse.gov

    Chapter 13 AP Gov Multiple Choice Flashcards & Practice Test

    Start studying Chapter 13 AP Gov Multiple Choice. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

    Chapter 13 AP Gov Multiple Choice

    Public monies are used to help finance which of the following campaigns?

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    I only

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    Which of the following is articulated in the War Powers Resolution?

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    The president must bring troops home from hostilities within 60 to 90 days unless congress extends the time

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    1/30 Created by katelyn770

    Terms in this set (30)

    Public monies are used to help finance which of the following campaigns?

    I only

    Which of the following is articulated in the War Powers Resolution?

    The president must bring troops home from hostilities within 60 to 90 days unless congress extends the time

    Presidents have had the most success in changing the direction of decisions of the federal judiciary by...?

    using the appointment process to select judges with judicial philosophies similar to those of the President

    When selecting a vice- presidential candidate, a presidential nominee is usually concerned primarily with choosing a running mate who...?

    adds balance and appeal to the national ticket

    All of the following are formal or informal sources of presidential powers EXCEPT...?

    presidential authority to raise revenue

    In selecting members of the White House Staff, Presidents primarily seek people who...?

    are personally loyal to the President

    Supporters of granting the President a line-item veto would most likely argue that this power would increase a President's ability to...?

    control federal spending

    In trying to influence legislation, the President is generally more successful than congressional leaders in...?

    using the media to set the policy agenda

    The most common criterion that people use when voting for a presidential candidate is the candidate's...?

    party identification

    The Freedom of Information Act was designed primarily to give...?

    citizens access to information from the executive branch

    The constitutional powers of the president include all of the following EXCEPT...?

    declaring war

    The War Powers Resolution does which of the following?

    requires that the president notify congress within 48 hours of deploying troops

    The president's role as chief diplomat is derived from...?

    delegated powers

    Which of the following is true about presidential power in the US?

    it increases if the President enjoys popular support

    The primary function of the White House Staff is to...?

    provide information and advice to the President

    Which of the following is a member of the White House Staff?

    the national security advisor

    Since the 1970's, Presidents have made use of executive orders at an increasing rate because executive orders...?

    do not need to be passed by congress

    Which of the following is true about line-item veto?

    it is used by many state governors

    The President can do which of the following without seeking the consent of either the House or the Senate?

    deploy troops

    Which of the following is NOT a presidential role authorized by the Constitution?

    to lead the political party of the President

    In recent presidential administrations, the principal staff for the President has been made up of members of the...?

    white house office

    The primary function of the White House staff is to....?

    advise the president

    Which of the following is true of an executive agreement made between US President adn another head of state?

    it does not require senate approval, but may require congressional allocation of funds for implementation

    A President attempting to influence Congress to pass a legislative program might employ all of the following strategies EXCEPT...?

    denying campaign reelection funds to legislators who oppose the president's policy stand

    All of the following have contributed to an increase in presidential power in the post-1945 era EXCEPT...?

    legislation granting the President the power to impound funds appropriated by congress

    Which of the following is the most important influence on the choice made by voters in presidential elections?

    partisan identification

    The usefulness to the President of having cabinet members as political advisers is undermined by the fact that...?

    the loyalties of cabinet members are often divided between loyalty to the president and loyalty to their own executive departments

    Invocation of the War Powers Act of 1973 would be most important determining which of the following?

    the nature of the commitment of United States Marines to a peace-keeping role in Lebanon

    The President's veto power is accurately described by which of the following statements?

    I and III only

    Which of the following would result from teh direct election of presidential candidates?

    each vote would count equally in determining which candidate won the election

    Related questions

    QUESTION

    The primary goal of Federalist No. 10 was to demonstrate to the citizens, who would be ratifying the Constitution, that the new government would not become a tyranny because why?

    9 answers QUESTION

    What does president do as chief legislator

    15 answers QUESTION

    Source : quizlet.com

    AP Gov Presidency Flashcards

    Study AP Gov Presidency flashcards. Create flashcards for FREE and quiz yourself with an interactive flipper.

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    AP Gov Presidency

    67cards Isabelle B. Political Science

    American Government & Politics

    The president is limited by the 22nd amendment to:

    2 terms or 10 years

    Which of the following is an accurate description of the impeachment process?

    House accuses and senate conducts a trial

    According to the 25th amendment, when the office of the vp becomes vacant:

    The president chooses a new one and must be checked by both houses

    The War Powers Resolution was an effort by:

    In order to gain more control over foreign policy

    In US v Nixon, the executive privilege was:

    Ruled executive privilege is constitutional but doesn't protect against criminal issues

    The founders designated the president as Commander-in -Chief in order to:

    Ensure civilian supremacy

    Vice presidents have assumed all of the following except:

    (Formal) Presides over the senate and succeeds to presidency

    A pres. suffers a stroke but wants to remain in office and the vp and a maj. of the cabinet disagree.Who decides?

    Congress

    Who follows the vice president in presidential succession?

    Speaker

    Which of the following is a duty of the vp?

    Presides over the senate and unappealing jobs (informal)

    The classic example of the honeymoon period was:

    FDR

    Which of the following is a member of the White House Staff?

    Members of agencies

    Which of the following is an example of presidential use of inherent powers?

    Powers inferred from congress, meant to expand based on the national government Bill Clinton’s line-item veto of some congressionally authorized funds to the states

    Regarding the early presidents, the pattern was:

    Very respected, active independence

    The era from 1836 to 1932 is viewed as one of

    Dominance of Congress

    The most important agency in the Executive Office is:

    Office of Management and Budget

    In which of the following scenarios would a presidential veto most likely be upheld?

    2/3 of representatives and senators are members of the same party as the president

    Presidential popularity can be characterized as:

    Approval ratings go down as his term progresses

    The War Powers Resolution was designed to:

    Increase the role of congress in foreign policy

    Agree. that the pres. enters into with foreign nat. that don't require the advice and consent of the Senate are

    Executive agreement

    In selecting members of the White House staff, Presidents primarily seek people who:

    Loyalty to president

    The president who began to alter the relationship with Congress was:

    Andrew Jackson

    The cabinet officers consist of the heads of:

    Heads of 15 executive branch departments of the government

    The Executive Office of the President houses:

    Agencies that preform staff services for the president but not members of the white house

    The Imperial Presidency refers to:

    President has too much power and exceeds the power he is given by constitution

    All of the following are expressed presidential powers except:

    Expressed (formal) powers: negotiates treaties, appoint ambassadors, veto, commander in chief

    The postponement of carrying out of a sentence is called:

    Reprieve

    In recent pres. admin., the principal staff for the President has been made up of members of the

    Kitchen cabinet members

    Which of the following is not presidential role authorized by the Constitution?

    (roles of the president) chief legislator, chief executive, commander in chief, chief of state, chief jurist

    The Pres. can do wotf without seeking the consent of either the House of the Senate?

    deploy troops, executive orders, appoint staff

    Which of the following is true about the line-item veto?

    ruled unconstitutional in Clinton vs. NY

    Since the 1970’s, Pres. have made use of executive orders at an increasing rate because executive orders

    they are easier because it is an agreement between the leaders of the countries

    Cabinet members often do not have a dominant influence on presidential decision-making because

    divided loyalties between congress, departments, and president

    The request of recent Presidents for the line-item veto is a challenge to wotf principles?

    unconstitutional because it gave the president the power to amend things that have been ruled on by congress

    All of the following have contributed to an increase in presidential power in the post-1945 era except?

    legislation granting the president the power to amend things that have already been ruled by congress

    Which of the following procedures results in the removal of the President from office?

    impeachment: house votes for impeachment and senate conducts a trial

    Which of the following is articulated in the War Powers Resolution?

    President must notify congress within 48 hours of deploying troops and must remove them within 60 days, can get an extra 30 days for safety of troops, must notify if combat occurs and cannot veto the removal of troops

    A Pres. attempting to influence Cong. to pass legislative program might employ aotf strategies except

    Lobbying, electronic throne, media

    When selecting a vp cand, a pres. nominee is usually concerned primarily w/ choosing a running mate who

    Source : www.chegg.com

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