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    if there is sufficient evidence to proceed, what is the next main phase that takes place after the inquiry in response to a research misconduct allegation?

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    Federal Research Misconduct Policy

    [Federal Register: December 6, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 235)] [Notices] [Page 76260-76264] From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov] [DOCID:fr06de00-72] OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY Executive Office of the President; Federal Policy on Research Misconduct; Preamble for Research Misconduct Policy AGENCY: Office of Science and Technology Policy. ACTION: Notification of Final Policy.

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    Federal Research Misconduct Policy

    [Federal Register: December 6, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 235)]

    [Notices] [Page 76260-76264]

    From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]

    [DOCID:fr06de00-72]

    OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY

    Executive Office of the President; Federal Policy on Research

    Misconduct; Preamble for Research Misconduct Policy

    AGENCY: Office of Science and Technology Policy.

    ACTION: Notification of Final Policy.

    SUMMARY: The Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) published a request for public comment on a proposed Federal research misconduct policy in the October 14, 1999 Federal Register (pp. 55722-55725). OSTP received 237 sets of comments before the public comment period closed on December 13, 1999. After consideration of the public comments, the policy was revised and has now been finalized. This notice provides background information about the development of the policy, explains how the policy has been modified, and discusses plans for its implementation.

    EFFECTIVE DATE: December 6, 2000.

    FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Holly Gwin, Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President, Washington, DC 20502. Tel: 202-456-6140; Fax: 202-456-6021; e-mail: [email protected]

    SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Advances in science, engineering, and all fields of research depend on the reliability of the research record, as do the benefits associated with them in areas such as health and national security. Sustained public trust in the research enterprise also requires confidence in the research record and in the processes involved in its ongoing development. For these reasons, and in the interest of achieving greater uniformity in Federal policies in this area, the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) initiated discussions in April 1996 on the development of a research misconduct policy. The Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) provided leadership and coordination. The NSTC approved the proposed draft policy in May 1999, clearing the way for the October 14, 1999 Federal Register notice. Public comments in response to that notice have been reviewed. The purpose of this notice is to provide information about the policy as it has now been finalized.

    This policy applies to federally-funded research and proposals submitted to Federal agencies for research funding. It thus applies to research conducted by the Federal agencies, conducted or managed for the Federal government by contractors, or supported by the Federal government and performed at research institutions, including universities and industry.

    The policy establishes the scope of the Federal government's interest in the accuracy and reliability of the research record and the processes involved in its development. It consists of a definition of research misconduct and basic guidelines for the response of Federal agencies and research institutions to allegations of research misconduct.

    The Federal agencies that conduct or support research will implement this policy within one year of the date of publication of this notice. An NSTC interagency research misconduct policy implementation group has been established to help achieve uniformity across the Federal agencies in implementation of the research misconduct policy. In some cases, this may require agencies to amend or replace extant regulations addressing research misconduct. In other cases, agencies may need to put new regulations in place or implement the policy through administrative mechanisms.

    The policy addresses research misconduct. It does not supersede government or institutional policies or procedures for addressing other forms of misconduct, such as the unethical treatment of human research subjects or mistreatment of laboratory animals used in research, nor does it supersede criminal or other civil law. Agencies and institutions may address these other issues as authorized by law and as appropriate to their missions and objectives.

    Summary of Comments

    The Office of Science and Technology Policy received 237 comments on the proposed Federal Research Misconduct Policy. Letters were signed by individuals, and by representatives of universities, university associations, Federal agencies, and private entities. Comments are available for review. Comments that resulted in a modification of the policy are summarized below. A section that addresses other questions raised by the comments follows the summary of modifications.

    Uniform Federal Policy

    Issue: Many comments recommended various mechanisms to ensure uniform implementation of this policy.

    Response: An NSTC research misconduct policy implementation group has been formed to foster uniformity among the agencies in their implementation of the policy.

    Section I: Research Misconduct Defined

    Issue: A number of comments suggested that the definition of fabrication be modified to read as follows: ``Fabrication is making up data or results and recording or reporting them.'' (Italicized words are suggested addition.) This change is to clarify that the raw data collected or generated in the research process can be fabricated just as can the results of the research.

    Response: This change was accepted.

    Issue: A number of commenters interpreted the definition of plagiarism to imply that using material gathered during the peer review process was acceptable as long as it is cited.

    Source : ori.hhs.gov

    If there is sufficient evidence to proceed, what is the next main phase that takes place after the inquiry in response to a research misconduct allegation?

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    If there is sufficient evidence to proceed, what is the next main phase that takes place after the inquiry in response to a research misconduct allegation? The resolution Mediation An investigation Arbitration

    The Correct Answer isAn investigationThe investigation phase occurs after the inquiry if there is sufficient evidence to indicate that research misconduct may have taken place.

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    If there is sufficient evidence to proceed, what is the next main phase that takes place after the inquiry in response to a research misconduct allegation?

    The resolution Mediation An investigation Arbitration

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    An investigation

    The investigation phase occurs after the inquiry if there is sufficient evidence to indicate that research misconduct may have taken place.

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    The typical first main phase in response to a research misconduct allegation is called:

    Remediation The adjudication The audit The inquiry

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    The inquiry

    The inquiry is generally the first main phase in response to a research misconduct allegation.

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    Terms in this set (19)

    If there is sufficient evidence to proceed, what is the next main phase that takes place after the inquiry in response to a research misconduct allegation?

    The resolution Mediation An investigation Arbitration An investigation

    The investigation phase occurs after the inquiry if there is sufficient evidence to indicate that research misconduct may have taken place.

    The typical first main phase in response to a research misconduct allegation is called:

    Remediation The adjudication The audit The inquiry The inquiry

    The inquiry is generally the first main phase in response to a research misconduct allegation.

    If a researcher creates the idea for a project and is not listed in the preferred author order position on resulting publications, is this considered to be research misconduct under federal policy?

    No; instead it is a type of authorship dispute.

    Yes because it involves a form of fabrication.

    No; instead it is a type of financial conflict of interest.

    Yes because it involves a form of falsification.

    No; instead it is a type of authorship dispute.

    Situations involving disagreements about author order are not considered to be research misconduct under federal policy.

    Which type of research misconduct most likely occurred if someone intentionally removes data points from the data set in order to generate a deceptive conclusion?

    Falsification Fabrication Plagiarism Unauthorized access Falsification

    This situation most likely involves falsification. Falsification includes deceptively changing or omitting data.

    Which of the following is the most effective strategy for preventing research misconduct?

    Limiting data sharing

    Good mentoring

    Creating hypercompetitive research environments

    Working unsupervised

    Good mentoring

    Among the options mentioned, good mentoring is the most effective strategy for preventing research misconduct.

    What is the primary responsibility of oversight bodies (such as an IRB or IACUC)?

    To ensure that a study is methodologically and technically sound.

    To determine if authorship credit has been correctly specified.

    To determine compliance with regulatory requirements, including those relating to protecting research subjects.

    To assess whether the research team has completed data management training.

    To determine compliance with regulatory requirements, including those relating to protecting research subjects.

    The primary responsibility of oversight bodies (such as an IRB or IACUC) is to assess legal-regulatory compliance, and if applicable, to protect research subjects.

    Which of the following is most likely to own the data resulting from a research project?

    The organization that receives federal funding for a project.

    A graduate student working under the direction of a faculty member.

    A technician who collected the data.

    A faculty member working on a federally-funded project.

    The organization that receives federal funding for a project.

    The organization that receives a federally-funded grant can typically claim ownership of the data from the project.

    Which of the following statements is true concerning data selection?

    A data selection strategy is required by federal law.

    A good data selection strategy can eliminate the need for data collection.

    A data selection strategy must be established after the data are collected.

    Establishing a data selection strategy prior to collecting data decreases the chance of a biased outcome.

    Establishing a data selection strategy prior to collecting data decreases the chance of a biased outcome.

    The data selection strategy should be planned in advance to minimize bias. The selection strategy is an essential part of the research plan, but there is no federal mandate for it.

    Which of the following is true regarding the reporting of research results?

    A delay in reporting research results is not allowed by the U.S. government.

    Details of study design and execution should be omitted from publications unless requested.

    Details of data selection procedures should be omitted from publications unless requested.

    Clear specification of the methods and procedures used is essential.

    Clear specification of the methods and procedures used is essential.

    Source : quizlet.com

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