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    How to Lower Blood Sugar Quickly in an Emergency: Tips and More

    Several methods can reduce high blood sugar levels at home. Here's how to lower blood glucose, when to go to the emergency room, and when to see a doctor.

    Emergency Highs: How to Lower Blood Sugar Quickly

    Medically reviewed by Grant Tinsley, PhD, Nutrition — Written by Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA — Updated on August 12, 2020

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    When your blood sugar level gets too high — known as hyperglycemia or high blood glucose — the quickest way to reduce it is to take fast-acting insulin. Exercising is another fast, effective way to lower blood sugar.

    In some cases, you should go to the hospital instead of handling it at home.

    Very high blood sugar levels can result in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) when insulin levels are low. This is a medical emergency.

    Symptoms of DKA include:

    shortness of breath

    breath that smells fruity

    nausea and vomiting a very dry mouth

    If you aren’t sure what to do, call your doctor to get instructions on administering a dose of insulin, and for advice about whether to go to the emergency room.

    This article looks at ways to lower your blood sugar quickly, when to go to the emergency room or see a doctor, and tips for managing high blood sugar.

    Emergency Highs: How to Lower Blood Sugar Quickly

    When blood sugar is too high, the fastest way to reduce it is to take your insulin as prescribed or, if you have no ketones in your urine, exercise.

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    Best ways to lower blood sugar quickly

    When treated early, you can bring high blood sugar levels down and prevent complications, including DKA.

    Some sources suggest that drinking water or eating a high protein snack can quickly lower your blood sugar levels, though there isn’t enough research to support this.

    If you have high blood sugar and need to lower it fast, try the following methods:

    Take your insulin as prescribed

    High blood sugar occurs when your body has too little insulin, or your body can’t use insulin properly. Administering insulin can bring your blood sugar levels down.

    Talk to your doctor about how much rapid-acting insulin you should administer when your blood sugar is high.

    You may want to check your blood sugar about 15–30 minutes after taking insulin to make sure your blood sugar is going down and that it’s not dropping too low.

    Exercise

    Exercise is a fast and effective way to lower your blood sugar levels.

    Exercise can lower your blood sugar for 24 hours or more after you’ve finished. This is because it makes your body more sensitive to insulin.

    Physical activity causes the body to demand glucose for energy. As a result, the cells deliver glucose to the muscles and blood sugar levels usually drop.

    For this to work, you need a form of exercise that gets your heart pumping faster than usual. This can include walking at a quick pace.

    Importantly, if your blood sugar is above 240 mg/dl, you should check your urine for ketones. If ketones are present, do not exercise, because this can make your blood sugar rise even higher.

    Exercising when you have ketones in your urine increases your risk of complications from high blood sugar.

    If you have type 1 diabetes, your doctor will likely recommend you check your blood sugar before exercising. You can do this with at-home urine ketone testing kits, which are available online.

    While exercise is an effective way to lower your blood sugar throughout the day, some types of exercises — particularly short bursts of strenuous activity — can briefly increase blood sugar levels.

    This is because strenuous activity activates the body’s stress response, causing a release of glucagon to power the muscles.

    If your ketone levels are high, avoid strenuous exercise and try some light exercise, like walking, instead.

    SUMMARY

    Exercising can usually bring down high blood sugar levels, but don’t exercise if there are ketones in your urine. Talk to your doctor about whether you should take insulin to treat hyperglycemia.

    When to go to the ER

    High blood sugar can be very concerning because your body can start burning fat for energy instead of blood glucose.

    This can cause conditions such as DKA and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS). These conditions are medical emergencies and can be fatal if left untreated.

    DKA is a serious complication of type 1 diabetes. It’s rare in people with type 2 diabetes, but can occur.

    Symptoms that can indicate you should go to the emergency room include:

    ketones in your urine, as diagnosed using a urine dipstick test

    confusion excessive thirst frequent urination nausea shortness of breath stomach pain vomiting

    High blood sugar levels can cause a fluid imbalance in the body and can cause the blood to become acidic in a manner that doesn’t support life.

    Medical treatments for these conditions include administering intravenous insulin on a continuous basis and IV fluids to correct dehydration.

    SUMMARY

    High blood sugar can become a medical emergency. Go to the ER if you suspect DKA or HHS.

    When to see a doctor

    According to the University of Michigan, blood sugar levels of 300 mg/dL or more can be dangerous. They recommend calling a doctor if you have two readings in a row of 300 or more.

    Source : www.healthline.com

    High and low: how to Reduce Blood Sugar Level Immediately

    Is insulin what's needed? In many cases, yes. Find out why, and see how to reduce blood sugar level immediately with some other methods too!

    High and low: how to Reduce Blood Sugar Level Immediately

    22 MAY 2020

    Is insulin enough to reduce blood sugar immediately? Insulin’s main function is to lower blood sugar levels, but does your insulin dosage do the job?

    The simple answer is: yes, insulin does the job, especially for those with insulin-dependent diabetes. There are certainly alternative ways to lower blood sugar immediately, but that’s not exactly the goal when it comes to diabetes.

    You don’t want to lower blood sugar rapidly, just for the sake of being rapid. If you reduce blood sugar too quickly, then you’ll end up having to deal with low blood sugar instead.

    Diabetes management is more about finding balance and treating yourself in a controlled manner. So, while you might need to reduce blood sugar immediately in some situations, you can do it in a way where you’re still in control.

    Find out how to stay in control, lower blood sugar, and get back to your normal lockdown routine of bread-baking and Tiger King-viewing!

    When to Lower Blood Sugar

    Hyperglycemia

    When blood sugar is too high, it is termed hyperglycemia. The World Health Organization recognises hyperglycemia as blood sugar that’s above 126 mg/dL or 7.0 mmol/L in a period before eating (fasting), or above 200 mg/dL or 11.1 mmol/L two hours after eating.

    When blood sugar is at this point, you should take steps to reduce those numbers. It goes without saying that testing blood sugar regularly is ideal, in order to know when you’re hyperglycemic.

    You may also realise that you’re hyperglycemic if you’re experiencing some of the following symptoms:

    Fatigue Frequent urination

    Increasingly thirsty

    Hunger Headaches

    Difficulty concentrating

    Blurred vision

    Stay in control with Hedia Diabetes Assistant; get it for free from the App Store or Google Play!

    Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    According to the American Diabetes Association, when blood sugar levels start teetering towards 250 mg/dL or 13.9 mmol/L is when diabetic ketoacidosis can occur.

    Ketoacidosis happens because of the body’s need for fuel. With high blood sugar, the body isn’t getting any fuel in the form of glucose. Instead, the body tries to burn fat for fuel, but this process leads to ketones – essentially acids – building up in the bloodstream.

    Symptoms of ketoacidosis can include symptoms of hyperglycemia, along with:

    Vomiting or feeling nauseous

    Sweet-smelling breath

    Confusion

    Being short of breath

    Dry mouth Pain in the abdomen

    To avoid the buildup of ketones (and to avoid a possible coma), it’s best to test for ketone levels to know what’s going on. There’s no uniform moment to check for ketones: the NHS suggests checking ketone levels from the moment you are hyperglycemic, if you can.

    Meanwhile, diabetes.co.uk recommends checking for ketones if your blood sugar levels have been consistently above 13 mmol/L or 230 mg/dL.

    You can easily keep track of this with Hedia, which gives an attention warning recommending you to check ketones if you have recorded blood sugar above 15 mmol/L or 270 mg/dL more than twice in six hours.

    The higher the reading for blood ketone levels, the higher the likelihood of diabetic ketoacidosis. For the result of blood ketone test, the NHS gives the following numbers in mmol/L (if you happen to measure ketones in mg/dL, then you can use this converter):

    0.6 mmol/L or under = healthy reading

    0.6 – 1.5 mmol/L = slight risk of diabetic ketoacidosis; re-test in about two hours

    1.6 – 2.9 mmol/L = at risk of diabetic ketoacidosis; contact your medical team as soon as possible

    3.0 mmol/L = very high risk of diabetic ketoacidosis; seek help immediately

    How to Reduce Blood Sugar Level Immediately: Insulin

    The severity of the hyperglycemia determines how to act. In cases of insulin-dependent diabetes, most people will probably use rapid-acting insulin. The name is a giveaway: this is how to reduce blood sugar level immediately.

    Hopefully, using insulin will allow you to get back to normal blood sugar levels before it gets too severe. This will also be the best way to be in control; you can lower your blood sugar with more accurate numbers.

    This is where Hedia comes into play. Getting those numbers isn’t always so easy to figure out by yourself, especially not when dealing with the hassle of high blood sugar. Hedia can deal with that instead.

    When using Hedia’s insulin calculator, all Hedia needs is: your blood sugar reading – this can even be added wirelessly and automatically with certain NFC or Blueetooth glucose meters; what you’ve eaten recently – this can be added swiftly with Hedia’s food database; whether you’ve exercised recently or are about to exercise; and if you’ve taken insulin in the last 4 hours. Have a go at the App Store or Google Play!

    After taking insulin, keep testing blood sugar levels to see how your blood sugar decreases. Then, just continue with your day!

    Source : www.hedia.co

    Foods to lower (or stabilize) blood sugar: Fruits, nuts, and more

    Eating a nutritious diet comprising foods with low glycemic index scores can help manage diabetes. Learn which foods can help keep blood sugar levels in check.

    Best foods that help lower and control blood sugar

    Medically reviewed by Katherine Marengo LDN, R.D., Nutrition — Written by Jennifer Huizen on November 30, 2021

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    Consuming less-processed grains can help blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. Cavan Images/Getty Images

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    The bodies of people with diabetes do not produce enough insulin or cannot use insulin properly, causing glucose to accumulate in the blood. Choosing low glycemic index (GI) foods is one way to help manage the condition.

    For people with diabetes, foods and beverages that the body absorbs slowly are best because they do not cause spikes and dips in blood sugar.

    The GI measures the effects of specific foods on blood sugar levels. People who are looking to control their blood sugar levels should pick foods with low or medium GI scores.

    People can also pair foods with low and high GI scores to ensure that a meal is balanced. Researchers suggest that low GI patterns of eating can improve

    Trusted Source Trusted Source

    a person’s blood sugar response over time.

    However, there is no evidence to suggest that eating a certain type of food can lower a person’s blood sugar levels in a diabetes-related emergency.

    Below are some of the best foods for people who are looking to maintain healthy blood sugar levels.

    Stone-ground whole wheat or pumpernickel bread

    Many kinds of bread have high GI scores and can cause a spike in blood sugar levels. So, for people with diabetes, many are worth avoiding.

    However, the consumption of whole grain foods has been associated with a lower risk

    Trusted Source Trusted Source

    of type 2 diabetes. Some breads are considered a good way to consume whole grain foods.

    Pumpernickel bread and 100% stone-ground whole wheat bread have low GI scores, at 55 or below on the GI scale. They have lower GI scores than regular whole wheat bread because the ingredients go through less processing. Processing removes the fibrous outer shells of grains and cereals. Fiber slows digestion and helps stabilize blood sugar levels.

    The researchers behind a 2020 trial

    Trusted Source Trusted Source

    found that consuming less-processed grains caused an improvement in blood sugar levels for people with type 2 diabetes.

    A separate 2020 study involving people with type 2 diabetes also found that the particle size of the whole grains in bread had an impact on blood sugar levels. This reflects their level of processing.

    A 2021 review looked at the effect of millets, which have a low GI score. The researchers found that the regular consumption of millets, including sorghum, reduced average fasting blood sugar levels by up to 12%

    Trusted Source Trusted Source

    and decreased post-meal blood sugar levels by up to 15%.

    Breads to eat

    whole wheat, especially stone-ground whole wheat bread

    pumpernickel spelt rye rice

    bread made with ancient grains, such as emmer and einkorn

    bread made from less-processed grains

    Breads to avoid

    white bread bagels

    other breads made from refined or highly milled grains

    breads with added sugar

    fruit breads and raisin toast

    HEALTHLINE RESOURCE

    Diabetes nutrition made easy — in just 10 mins a week

    Get our 10-minute nutrition micro-lessons to learn how changing the way you eat can have a big impact on your health and how you feel.

    SIGN UP NOW Most fruits

    Except for pineapples and melons, most fruits have low GI scores of 55 or below. This is because most fresh fruits contain lots of water and fiber to balance out their naturally occurring sugar, which is called fructose.

    However, as fruits ripen, their GI scores increase. Fruit juices also have very high GI scores because juicing removes the fibrous skins and seeds. So, fresh fruit is best.

    A study from 2020 Trusted Source Trusted Source

    that followed around half a million people in China for 7 years found that those who ate fresh fruit daily had lower rates of type 2 diabetes.

    Also, a large 2013 study

    Trusted Source Trusted Source

    found that people who consumed whole fruits — especially blueberries, grapes, and apples — had significantly lower risks of developing type 2 diabetes. The researchers also report that drinking fruit juices increased the risk of developing the condition.

    Fruits to eat

    apples apricots avocadoes blackberries blueberries grapefruit grapes peaches plums raspberries strawberries

    Fruits to enjoy in moderation

    dried fruit watermelon pineapple fruit juice overripe bananas dates

    Source : www.medicalnewstoday.com

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