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    Aretha Franklin

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    Aretha Franklin

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    Aretha Louise Franklin

    1967'de Franklin Genel bilgiler

    Doğum adı Aretha Louise Franklin

    Doğum 25 Mart 1942

    Memphis, Tennessee, ABD

    Ölüm 16 Ağustos 2018 (76 yaşında)

    Detroit, Michigan, ABD

    Başladığı yer Detroit, Michigan, ABD

    Tarzlar R&BSoulCazGospelPop Meslekler

    ŞarkıcıSöz yazarıMüzisyen

    Çalgılar Vokal, piyano

    Etkin yıllar 1956-2018

    Müzik şirketi

    J.V.B.ColumbiaAtlanticAristaRCA

    İlişkili hareketler

    Sweet InspirationsCarolyn FranklinErma FranklinCissy HoustonWhitney HoustonGeorge BensonGeorge MichaelMichael McDonaldSmokey RobinsonEurythmicsLuther VandrossLauryn HillCéline DionPatti Labelle

    Resmî site arethafranklin.net

    Aretha Louise Franklin (25 Mart 1942 - 16 Ağustos 2018[1]), Amerikalı şarkıcı ve müzisyen. Franklin, kariyerine rahip babası C. L. Franklin'e kilisede gospel müzik söyleyerek başladı. 1960'ta 18 yaşındayken Columbia Records için kayıtlar yaptı. Ancak bu dönemde sınırlı başarılar elde edebildi. 1967'de Atlantic Records'la anlaşan Franklin, "", "" ve "" gibi şarkılarla beraber ticari başarılar elde etti. Bu hit şarkılar neticesinde 1960'ların sonuna doğru "Soul Müziğin Kraliçesi" unvanını aldı.

    Franklin, listelerinde toplamda 112 şarkısıyla yer aldı. Bunlardan 77'si Hot 100'e girdi, 20 tanesi ise, R&B listesinde bir numaraya erişti. Bu başarılar sayesinde bu liste tarihinde, en çok şarkıyla listede yer alan şarkıcı oldu. Sanatçı bunun dışında , , ve gibi işlerle başarısına devam etti. 1970'lerin ortasında kayıt şirketiyle yaşadığı anlaşmazlıklara kadar eser vermeye devam etti. 1979'da babası vurulduktan sonra Franklin, Atlantic'i terk ederek Arista Records ile çalışmaya başladı. filminde kendisini canlandıran sanatçı, ve gibi albümlerle başarılarını sürdürdü. 1998'de, ünlü opera aryası ""yı seslendirerek olumlu eleştiriler topladı ve o yılki Grammy töreninde Luciano Pavarotti'nin yerine sahne aldı. Aynı yılın sonlarına doğru yayımladığı "" ile beraber son kez listelerde, ilk kırka girdi.

    Franklin, toplamda 18 Grammy Ödülü'ne sahip olup, 75 milyonun üzerindeki satışlarından ötürü gelmiş geçmiş en çok satan kadın sanatçılar arasındadır.[2] Franklin, 1987'de Rock and Roll Hall of Fame'e dahil edilerek bu başarıyı gösteren ilk kadın oldu. Daha sonra 2005'te UK Music Hall of Fame'e, Ağustos 2012'deyse GMA'nın Gospel Music Hall of Fame'ine dahil edildi.[3] Franklin, dergisinin iki "tüm zamanlar" listesine dahil oldu. Bunlardan ilki, 9. olduğu "Gelmiş Geçmiş En İyi Sanatçılar" olup, ikincisi ise, 1. olduğu "Gelmiş Geçmiş En İyi Şarkıcılar" listesidir.[4][5]

    Erken dönem hayatı[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

    Franklin' Memphis, Tennessee'de doğduğu ev, 406 Lucy Ave.[6]

    Aretha Louise Franklin, Memphis, Tennessee'de Barbara Siggers ve Clarence LaVaughn Franklin'in kızı olarak dünyaya geldi. "C. L." mahlasını alan babası Mississippi asıllı bir gezgin vaiz olup, annesi yetenekli bir piyanist ve vokalistti.[7] Franklin'in yanı sıra, ebeveynleri üç kardeş daha dünyaya getirdikleri gibi her ikisi de bu evliliğin dışında başka çocuklara da sahip oldu. Franklin, iki yaşındayken aile Buffalo, New York'a taşındı. Beşinci yaş gününden önce babası C. L. Franklin, aileyi kalıcı olarak Detroit, Michigan'a taşıyarak Baptist kilisesi New Bethel'i kurdu. Franklin'in ebeveynleri özellikle C. L. Franklin'in aldatma hikâyeleri nedeniyle sorunlar yaşıyordu ve 1948 itibarıyla ayrıldılar. Annesi bir önceki ilişkisinden olan oğlu Vaughn ile beraber Buffalo'ya yeniden yerleşti.

    Popüler inanışların aksine Franklin'in annesi, çocuklarını terk etmedi. Franklin, yazları Buffalo'ya gittiğini, annesinin de sıkça Detroit'e çocuklarını ziyarete geldiğini belirtti.[8] Franklin'in annesi, onuncu yaş gününden önce, 7 Mart 1952'de vefat etti. Franklin'in büyükannesi Rachel ve Mahalia Jackson'ın da dahil olduğu birkaç kadın evdeki çocukların bakımına yardım etti.[9] Bu sıralarda Franklin, nasıl piyano çalınacağını öğrendi.[10] Franklin'in babasının duygusal açıdan yüklü vaazları onun "milyon dolar ses" olarak tanınmasına yol açtı ve ülke çapında verdiği vaazlar sayesinde binlerce dolar kazandı.[11][12] Bu ün sayesinde gospel müzisyenleri Clara Ward, James Cleveland ve erken dönem Caravans üyeleri Albertina Walker ve Inez Andrews; Martin Luther King, Jr., Jackie Wilson ve Sam Cooke gibi birçok ünlü isim Franklin'lerin evini ziyarete geldi.[13][14]

    Müzik kariyeri[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

    Erken dönem[değiştir | kaynağı değiştir]

    Annesinin ölümünden hemen sonra Franklin, New Bethel'da solo şarkılar söylemeye başladı. Bunlardan ilki "" ilahisiydi.[9][15] Dört sene sonra babası, onun kariyer menajerliğini üstlendi ve onu "gospel caravan" adını verdiği kilise turlarına eşlik etmesi için yanında götürmeye başladı.[16] Kısa süre sonra kızının J.V.B. Records'la anlaşmasına öncülük eden babası, 1956'da adlı ilk albümün çıkışına önayak oldu. Gospel radyo istasyonlarına "" ve "" şarkıları servis edildi. Franklin, bu süreçte bazen The Caravans ve The Soul Stirrers ile beraber geziyordu ve dinsel olmayan müzik kariyerinden önce Soul Stirrers ile beraber şarkı söyleyen Sam Cooke'a âşık oldu.

    Source : tr.wikipedia.org

    Aretha Franklin

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    Aretha Franklin

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    "Aretha" and "Queen of Soul" redirect here. For other uses, see Aretha (disambiguation) and Queen of Soul (disambiguation).

    Aretha Franklin

    Franklin in 1968

    Born Aretha Louise Franklin

    March 25, 1942

    Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.

    Died August 16, 2018 (aged 76)

    Detroit, Michigan, U.S.

    Resting place Woodlawn Cemetery

    Occupation

    Singersongwriterpianistcivil rights activistrecord producer

    Years active 1954–2018

    Spouse(s) Ted White ​

    ​(m. 1961; div. 1969)​

    Glynn Turman ​

    ​(m. 1978; div. 1984)​

    Children 4 Parent(s)

    Clarence LaVaughn Franklin

    Barbara Siggers Franklin

    Relatives

    Erma Franklin (sister)

    Carolyn Franklin (sister)

    Awards

    Musical career

    Origin Detroit, Michigan, U.S.

    Genres

    R&B[1]soulgospeljazz

    Instruments Vocalspiano Labels

    J.V.BColumbiaAtlanticAristaRCA

    Website Official website

    Signature

    Aretha Louise Franklin (/əˈriːθə/ ; March 25, 1942 – August 16, 2018) was an American singer, songwriter and pianist.[2] Referred to as the "Queen of Soul", she has twice been placed ninth in 's "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". With global sales of over 75 million records, Franklin is one of the world's best-selling music artists.[3]

    As a child, Franklin was noticed for her gospel singing at New Bethel Baptist Church in Detroit, Michigan, where her father C. L. Franklin was a minister. At the age of 18, she was signed as a recording artist for Columbia Records. While her career did not immediately flourish, Franklin found acclaim and commercial success once she signed with Atlantic Records in 1966. Hit songs such as "I Never Loved a Man (The Way I Love You)", "Respect", "(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman", "Chain of Fools", "Think", and "I Say a Little Prayer", propelled Franklin past her musical peers.

    Franklin continued to record acclaimed albums such as (1967), (1968), (1970), (1972), (1972), and (1976), before experiencing problems with the record company. Franklin left Atlantic in 1979 and signed with Arista Records. The singer appeared in the 1980 film before releasing the successful albums (1982), (1985) and (1986) on the Arista label. In 1998, Franklin returned to the Top 40 with the Lauryn Hill-produced song "A Rose Is Still a Rose"; later, she released an album with the same name.

    Franklin recorded 112 charted singles on the US charts, including 73 Hot 100 entries, 17 top-ten pop singles, 100 R&B entries and 20 number-one R&B singles. Besides the foregoing, the singer's well-known hits also include "Ain't No Way", "Call Me", "Don't Play That Song (You Lied)", "Spanish Harlem", "Rock Steady", "Day Dreaming", "Until You Come Back to Me (That's What I'm Gonna Do)", "Something He Can Feel", "Jump to It", "Freeway of Love", "Who's Zoomin' Who" and "I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)" (a duet with George Michael). Franklin won 18 Grammy Awards,[4] including the first eight awards given for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance (1968–1975), a Grammy Awards Living Legend honor and Lifetime Achievement Award.

    Franklin received numerous honors throughout her career. She was awarded the National Medal of Arts and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 1987, she became the first female artist to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. She also was inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005 and into the Gospel Music Hall of Fame in 2012.[5] In 2010, ranked Franklin number one on its list of the "100 Greatest Singers of All Time".[6] In 2019, the Pulitzer Prize jury awarded the singer a posthumous special citation "for her indelible contribution to American music and culture for more than five decades". In 2020, Franklin was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.[7]

    Contents

    1 Early life 2 Musical career

    2.1 1952–1960: Beginnings

    2.2 1960–1966: Columbia years

    2.3 1966–1979: Atlantic years

    2.4 1980–2007: Arista years

    2.5 2007–2018: Final years

    3 Music style and image

    4 Activism 5 Personal life 5.1 Health

    5.2 Death and funeral

    6 Legacy and honors

    6.1 Honorary degrees

    6.2 Tributes

    6.3 Portrayals in media

    7 Discography 8 Filmography 9 See also 10 Citations 11 General sources 12 External links

    Early life[edit]

    Franklin's birthplace, 406 Lucy Avenue, Memphis, Tennessee[8]

    Aretha Louise Franklin was born on March 25, 1942, to Barbara (née Siggers) and Clarence LaVaughn "C. L." Franklin. She was delivered at her family's home located at 406 Lucy Avenue, Memphis, Tennessee. Her father was a Baptist minister and circuit preacher originally from Shelby, Mississippi, while her mother was an accomplished piano player and vocalist.[9] Both Mr. and Mrs. Franklin had children from prior relationships in addition to the four children they had together. When Aretha was two, the family relocated to Buffalo, New York.[10] By the time Aretha turned five, C. L. Franklin had permanently relocated the family to Detroit, where he took over the pastorship of the New Bethel Baptist Church.[11]

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

    How many children did Aretha Franklin have and where are they now?

    Aretha Franklin was one of the world's most respected singers of all time, with her brand of powerful and moving soul music resonating with millions around the world.

    How many children did Aretha Franklin have and where are they now?

    26 May 2021, 18:11 | Updated: 28 May 2021, 09:41

    Aretha Franklin and her son Kecalf. Picture: Getty

    Aretha Franklin was one of the world's most respected singers of all time, with her brand of powerful and moving soul music resonating with millions around the world.

    Now the subject of a new biopic drama starring Jennifer Hudson as the Queen of Soul in Respect, the film will show Aretha's rise to fame in the 1960s despite some tough challenges.

    Read more: Who was Aretha Franklin's preacher father CL Franklin?

    Aretha had a difficult childhood, particularly as she gave birth to her first child aged just 12 years old. But how many kids did Aretha have and where are they now?

    Clarence Franklin

    Clarence Franklin (centre) at his mother's funeral in 2018. Picture: Getty

    Aretha first became pregnant at the age of 12, and gave birth to her first child, named Clarence after her father, American Baptist minister CL Franklin, in 1955.

    According to biographer David Ritz, the father of her oldest son Clarence was believed to be Donald Burke, a boy from school.

    However, it was later reported in one of her handwritten wills, discovered in 2019, that Clarence's father was actually Edward Jordan - whom she went on to have son Edward with in 1957.

    Not much is known about Clarence's life, but he is said to have had the least musical interest of her four sons. However, he is believed to have written a number of songs, including some recorded by his mother.

    It was revealed in her handwritten wills that she had made "special provisions" for Clarence, now in his 60s, who has undisclosed special needs.

    Edward Franklin

    In 1957, aged 14, Aretha had a second child named Edward after his father Edward Jordan.

    While Aretha was pursuing her career, her grandmother Rachel and sister Erma took turns raising the children.

    Now in his 60s, Edward is also a singer. He performed several duets with his mother and even sang at his mother's funeral in 2018.

    Ted White Jr

    Teddy Richards. Picture: Teddy Richards

    Her third child, Ted White Jr, was born in 1964 and is known professionally as Teddy Richards. Aretha was 25 at the time of Teddy's birth.

    Aretha married her first husband Ted White aged 19. Aretha and Ted Sr divorced in 1969.

    Now in his 50s, Teddy has released several albums and played at many of his mother's concerts. He also performed as the opening act for artists such as Seal and INXS.

    Kecalf Cunningham

    Aretha with son Kecalf and Clive Davis in 2014. Picture: Getty

    Aretha's youngest son, Kecalf, was born in 1970 and is the child of her road manager Ken Cunningham.

    Now in his 50s, Kecalf is a Christian rapper. He also performed with his mother, with their most famous performance coming at a 2008 concert at the Radio City Music Hall.

    His name is an acronym of both his father and mother’s full names.

    In March 2021, it was reported that Teddy and Clarence had filed a fourth will that they claim will split their late mother’s $80 million estate among all four children.

    After three conflicting handwritten wills were found in Aretha's Detroit home, a fourth one has now been filed.

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