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    how many aircraft carriers does the united states have

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    Aircraft Carriers by Country 2022

    Aircraft Carriers by Country 2022

    Number of Aircraft Carriers

    0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20

    Click on a tile for details.

    An aircraft carrier is a massive warship that functions as a mobile airstrip and warplane hangar for the military. These ships have a flight deck and enough space to carry, arm, maintain, refuel, and deploy aircraft without needing a local air base.

    Aircraft carriers and their varied roles

    Both variations of carrier play a vital role in modern warfare, largely due to their capacity and mobility. The USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN 78), for instance, is a United States Navy supercarrier that can carry and deploy more than 75 aircraft, delivering massive surveillance, support, and combat capability nearly anywhere in the world. Modern nuclear-powered carriers can make up to 400,000 gallons of fresh water a day and go decades without needing to refuel.

    During times of peace, aircraft carriers can also serve humanitarian causes. The USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72) assisted tsunami relief efforts in Southeast Asia in 2004, the USS Harry Truman (CVN 75) helped provide freshwater and supplies in the wake of Hurricane Katrina in 2005, and the USS Carl Vinson (CVN 70) provided food, medical supplies, hospital services, and more than 400,000 gallons of drinking water to victims of the Haitian earthquake in 2010.

    Which countries in the world have aircraft carriers (and how many)?

    As of 2021, there are an estimated 46 aircraft/helicopter carriers in service worldwide. The United States has 11 aircraft carriers and 9 "helo" carriers, nearly as many as all other countries combined, followed by Japan and France, each with four. Eleven other nations have at least one carrier, and several more are under construction.

    United States - 20 (11 aircraft carriers, 9 helo carriers)

    France - 4 (1 aircraft carrier, 3 helo carriers)

    Japan - 4 helo carriers (two of which are being converted to light aircraft carriers)

    China - 3 (2 aircraft carriers, 1 helo carrier)

    Italy - 2 aircraft carriers (one specialized for submarine hunting)

    United Kingdom - 2 aircraft carriers

    Australia - 2 helo carriers

    Egypt - 2 helo carriers

    South Korea - 2 helo carriers

    India - 1 aircraft carrier

    Russia - 1 aircraft carrier

    Spain - 1 aircraft carrier/helo carrier (can be either)

    Brazil - 1 helo carriers

    Thailand - 1 helo carrier

    Aircraft carriers vs helicopter carriers

    Although aircraft carriers are best known for launching fixed-wing (or variable-wing) fighter planes, the list above demonstrates that roughly half of what we call aircraft carriers today are technically helicopter carriers. Slightly smaller than "traditional" aircraft carriers (but still enormous), helo carriers are often referred to by sub-type labels such as amphibious assault ship, landing platform helicopter (LPH), landing helicopter assault (LHA), or landing helicopter dock (LHD) to differentiate them from their larger brethren.

    Traditional aircraft carriers typically carry dozens of fighter jets such as the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet or the T-45 Goshawk, as well as a smattering of specialized transport, electronic warfare, or surveillance craft and a handful of helicopters. Helo carriers reverse that ratio, fielding fleets predominantly composed of helicopters—especially the many variants of the SH-60 Seahawk—complemented by "short take-off and vertical landing (STOVL) or "vertical and/or short take-off and landing" (V/STOL) aircraft such as the AV-8B Harrier II or the F-35B Lightning II.

    Certain smaller carriers can alternate roles depending upon their current air fleet. For instance, Spain's Juan Carlos I is a helo carrier when carrying a full fleet of 30 helicopters, but it functions as a light aircraft carrier when its fleet consists of 10-12 helicopters and 10-12 planes (Harrier IIs or Lightning IIs).

    Every Aircraft Carrier and Helicopter Carrier in the World (Currently Commissioned):

    Source : worldpopulationreview.com

    Does the US Navy have 10 or 19 Aircraft Carriers? – The Diplomat

    The U.S. Navy operates 19 ships that could be called aircraft carriers, but only considers 10 to be actual carriers.

    FLASHPOINTS

    Does the US Navy have 10 or 19 Aircraft Carriers?

    The U.S. Navy operates 19 ships that could be called aircraft carriers, but only considers 10 to be actual carriers.

    By Robert Farley April 17, 2014

    Credit: Wikimedia Commons

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    Last week the U.S. Navy accepted USS , first of the -class amphibious assault ships, into service. Unlike most recent amphibious assault ships, USS and her sister USS lack well-decks, instead focusing on aviation facilities.  When fully operational, and will operate as many as 20 F-35Bs, potentially playing a critical role in what the Navy projects as the future of air superiority.

    Inevitably, the delivery of USS rekindles the ongoing conversation over what, precisely, constitutes an aircraft carrier. In the United States, we endure the polite fiction that the USN’s 45,000 ton aircraft carriers are not aircraft carriers, but rather some other kind of creature.  USS is roughly the same size as the French and the INS , although a bit smaller than the RFS or her Chinese sister, the . is considerably larger than recent aircraft-carrying ships constructed for the Korean, Japanese, and Australian navies.

    As an educator, I can attest to some frustration in relating to students that the United States operates ten aircraft carriers, plus another nine ships that we would refer to as aircraft carriers .  And while I appreciate the desire of analysts to differently categorize the capabilities of and -class carriers, I wish that people had a firmer grasp on the abject silliness of claiming that a 45,000 ton flat-decked aircraft-carrying warship is not, in fact, an aircraft carrier. Think of the children.

    The distinction between aircraft carrier and amphibious assault ship began when the typology of USN flattops was considerably more complex than today.  The -class amphibious assault ships entered service in 1961, sharing the sea with -class supercarriers, Midway class semi-supercarriers, and a variety of configurations of -class carriers. Unfortunately, the name stuck even as amphibs gained the capacity for launching VSTOL fighters, and as the number of carrier variants dwindled.

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    But today, no one benefits from an accurate characterization of the Navy’s amphibious flat-top fleet.  The USN prefers to fight its budgetary battles on the basis of the 11 carrier fleet, not the much more impressive sounding 19 carrier fleet. Naval aviation advocates are surely correct when they point out that the and -class carriers fall far short of their -class counterparts, even if they sometimes grudgingly grant that the smaller ships can carry out many of the same roles as their nuclear cousins.

    And so what’s the problem? Who cares if the United States effectively disguises nearly half of its carrier fleet? The deception may not hold forever. At some point, skeptical legislators may choose to acknowledge the existence of the USN’s other nine carriers, and consequently the overwhelming superiority of USN aviation over any potential foe. It would be better to get ahead of this game, and develop a more appropriate way of talking about the USN’s light carrier fleet. The best choice might be to skip “light carrier” or “sea control ship” and go straight to “assault carrier,” a term that is sometimes used in British naval circles to describe HMS and her predecessors.  Such a designation would make for a considerably more intelligible naval vocabulary.

    Source : thediplomat.com

    Aircraft carrier

    Aircraft carrier

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    Four modern aircraft carriers of various types—USS , (French Navy), USS , helicopter carrier HMS —and escort vessels, 2002

    An aircraft carrier is a warship that serves as a seagoing airbase, equipped with a full-length flight deck and facilities for carrying, arming, deploying, and recovering aircraft.[1] Typically, it is the capital ship of a fleet, as it allows a naval force to project air power worldwide without depending on local bases for staging aircraft operations. Carriers have evolved since their inception in the early twentieth century from wooden vessels used to deploy balloons to nuclear-powered warships that carry numerous fighters, strike aircraft, helicopters, and other types of aircraft. While heavier aircraft such as fixed-wing gunships and bombers have been launched from aircraft carriers, one has yet to successfully land on one. By its diplomatic and tactical power, its mobility, its autonomy and the variety of its means, the aircraft carrier is often the centerpiece of modern combat fleets. Tactically or even strategically, it replaced the battleship in the role of flagship of a fleet. One of its great advantages is that, by sailing in international waters, it does not interfere with any territorial sovereignty and thus obviates the need for overflight authorizations from third-party countries, reduces the times and transit distances of aircraft and therefore significantly increase the time of availability on the combat zone.

    Chart comparing a range of aircraft carriers, from longest (top left) to shortest

    There is no single definition of an "aircraft carrier",[2] and modern navies use several variants of the type. These variants are sometimes categorized as sub-types of aircraft carriers,[3] and sometimes as distinct types of naval aviation-capable ships.[2][4] Aircraft carriers may be classified according to the type of aircraft they carry and their operational assignments. Admiral Sir Mark Stanhope, RN, former First Sea Lord (head) of the Royal Navy, has said, "To put it simply, countries that aspire to strategic international influence have aircraft carriers."[5] Henry Kissinger, while United States Secretary of State, also said: "An aircraft carrier is 100,000 tons of diplomacy."[6]

    Comparison of aircraft carriers

    As of February 2022, there are 47 active aircraft carriers in the world operated by fourteen navies. The United States Navy has 11 large nuclear-powered fleet carriers—carrying around 80 fighters each—the largest carriers in the world; the total combined deck space is over twice that of all other nations combined.[7] As well as the aircraft carrier fleet, the US Navy has nine amphibious assault ships used primarily for helicopters, although these also each carry up to 20 vertical or short take-off and landing (V/STOL) fighter jets and are similar in size to medium-sized fleet carriers. The United Kingdom and China each operate two aircraft carriers. France, India, and Russia each operate a single aircraft carrier with a capacity of 30 to 60 fighter jets. Italy operates two light fleet carriers and Spain operates one. Helicopter carriers are operated by Japan (4, two of which are being converted to operate V/STOL fighters), France (3), Australia (2), Egypt (2), South Korea (2), China (2), Thailand (1) and Brazil (1). Future aircraft carriers are under construction or in planning by Brazil, China, France, India, Russia, South Korea, Turkey and the US.

    Contents

    1 Types of carriers

    1.1 General features

    1.2 Basic types 1.3 By role

    1.4 By configuration

    1.5 By size 1.6 Supercarrier

    1.7 Hull type identification symbols

    2 History 2.1 Origins 2.2 World War II 2.3 Postwar era 3 Description 3.1 Structure 3.2 Flight deck

    3.2.1 Staff and deck operations

    3.2.2 Deck structures

    4 National fleets 4.1 Australia 4.2 Brazil 4.3 China 4.4 Egypt 4.5 France 4.6 India 4.7 Italy 4.8 Japan 4.9 Russia 4.10 South Korea 4.11 Spain 4.12 Thailand 4.13 Turkey 4.14 United Kingdom 4.15 United States

    5 Aircraft carriers in preservation

    5.1 Current museum carriers

    5.2 Former museum carriers

    5.3 Future museum carriers

    6 See also 6.1 Related lists 7 References 8 Bibliography 9 Further reading 10 External links

    Types of carriers[edit]

    French aircraft carrier (rear), and US Navy carrier USS  conducting joint operations in the Persian Gulf; both with the CATOBAR configuration.

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

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