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    how far down should you push down when giving chest compressions to a child needing cpr?

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    How to resuscitate a child

    How to resuscitate a child who has stopped breathing or whose heart has stopped beating. Includes performing CPR, rescue breaths, and chest compressions.

    How to resuscitate a child

    Below is the full detailed cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) sequence for infants (babies under 1 year old) and children.

    It's highly recommended that every parent goes on a first aid course, as it makes this process much easier to understand and remember.

    In a life-threatening emergency, dial 999. If your child is coughing or wheezy, call NHS 111 or your GP for advice.

    Child and baby CPR steps

    1. Ensure the area is safe

    Check for hazards, such as electrical equipment or traffic.

    2. Check your child's responsiveness

    Gently stimulate your child and ask loudly: "Are you all right?"

    3a. If your child responds by answering or moving

    Leave them in the position they were found in (provided they're not in danger).

    Check their condition and get help if needed.

    Reassess the situation regularly.

    3b. If your child does not respond

    Shout for help.

    Carefully turn the child on their back.

    If the child is under 1 year old:

    Ensure the head is in a neutral position, with the head and neck in line.

    At the same time, with your fingertips under the point of your child's chin, lift the chin. Do not push on the soft tissues under the chin as this may block the airway.

    If the child is over 1 year old:

    Open your child's airway by tilting the head and lifting the chin.

    To do this, place your hand on their forehead and gently tilt their head back.

    At the same time, with your fingertips under the point of your child's chin, lift the chin. Do not push on the soft tissues under the chin as this may block the airway.

    If you think there may have been an injury to the neck, tilt the head carefully, a small amount at a time, until the airway is open. Opening the airway takes priority over a possible neck injury, however.

    4. Check their breathing

    Keeping the airway open, look, listen and feel for normal breathing by putting your face close to your child's face and looking along their chest.

    Look for chest movements.

    Listen at the child's nose and mouth for breathing sounds.

    Feel for air movement on your cheek.

    Look, listen and feel for no more than 10 seconds before deciding that they're not breathing. Gasping breaths should not be considered to be normal breathing.

    5a. If your child is breathing normally

    Turn them on their side.

    Check for continued breathing.

    Send or go for help – do not leave your child unless absolutely necessary.

    5b. If your child is not breathing or is breathing infrequently and irregularly

    Carefully remove any obvious obstruction in the mouth.

    Give 5 initial rescue breaths (mouth-to-mouth resuscitation) – see below.

    While doing this, note any gag or cough response – this is a sign of life.

    Rescue breaths for a baby under 1 year

    Ensure the head is in a neutral position and lift the chin.

    Take a breath, then cover your baby's mouth and nose with your mouth, making sure it's sealed. If you cannot cover both the mouth and nose at the same time, just seal 1 with your mouth. If you choose the nose, close the lips to stop air escaping.

    Blow a breath steadily into the baby's mouth and nose over 1 second. It should be sufficient to make the chest visibly rise.

    Keeping their head tilted and chin lifted, take your mouth away and watch for the chest to fall as air comes out.

    Take another breath and repeat this sequence 4 more times.

    Rescue breaths for a child over 1 year

    Tilt the head and lift the chin.

    Close the soft part of their nose using the index finger and thumb of the hand that's on their forehead.

    Open their mouth a little, but keep the chin pointing upwards.

    Take a breath, then place your lips around their mouth, making sure it's sealed.

    Blow a breath steadily into their mouth over about 1 second, watching for the chest to rise.

    Keeping their head tilted and chin lifted, take your mouth away and watch for the chest to fall as air comes out.

    Take another breath and repeat this sequence 4 more times. Check that your child's chest rises and falls in the same way as if they were breathing normally.

    5c. Obstructed airway

    If you have difficulty achieving effective breathing in your child, the airway may be obstructed.

    Open the child's mouth and remove any visible obstruction. Do not poke your fingers or any object blindly into the mouth.

    Ensure there's adequate head tilt and chin lift, but the neck is not overextended.

    Make up to 5 attempts to achieve effective breaths (enough to make the chest visibly rise). If this is still unsuccessful, move on to chest compressions combined with rescue breaths.

    6. Assess the circulation (signs of life)

    Look for signs of life. These include any movement, coughing, or normal breathing – not abnormal gasps or infrequent, irregular breaths.

    Signs of life present

    If there are definite signs of life:

    Continue rescue breathing until your child begins to breathe normally for themselves.

    Turn the child on their side into the recovery position and send for help.

    Continue to check for normal breathing and provide further rescue breaths if necessary.

    No signs of life present

    If there are no signs of life:

    Start chest compressions immediately.

    Combine chest compressions with rescue breaths, providing 2 breaths after every 30 compressions.

    Source : www.nhs.uk

    Cpr Flashcards

    Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards terms like Cpr means, Cpr allows, Most important thing to cpr is and more.

    Cpr

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    Cpr means

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    Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

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    Cpr allows

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    blood to flow to the brain and heart.

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    Terms in this set (32)

    Cpr means

    Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

    Cpr allows

    blood to flow to the brain and heart.

    Most important thing to cpr is

    Compression.

    Compression most important part is

    pushing hard and fast.

    30:2

    meaning 30 compressions and 2 breaths

    Compression rates for cpr

    100 to 120 per minute.

    Following steps to assess emergency help:

    1) Make sure the scene is safe.

    2) Tap on shoulder of Child and Adult, but tap or flick the foot if it's a infant. "Shout are you Okay"

    3) Shout for help

    4) Shout for someone to call 911 & AED (Only for Adult and child)

    5) Check for breathing

    - no more than 10 seconds, but 5 seconds minimum.

    -If not breathing, do cpr. However if Breathing, wait for EMT to come.

    Don't interrupt Compressions for more than

    10 seconds, even when you give breaths.

    AED

    Automatic Electronic Defibrillator.

    Stop cpr when you receive the AED

    and Turn on the machine.

    Sudden _______ ___________ arrest remains the leading cause of death.

    Cardiac Arrest

    Cpr has 2 to main skills:

    1) Providing Compressions

    2) Giving breaths

    To provide high-quality compressions, make sure that you:

    1) provide compressions deep enough

    2) provide compressions fast enough

    3) chest comes back up after each compressions.

    It better to push hard enough than

    not hard at all.

    How to give compressions to a Adult:

    1) Make sure the person is lying on their back on a firm, flat surface.

    2) Quickly move clothes out of the way.

    -Either cutting or ripping the shirt off.

    3) put heel of one hand on the center of the chest. Put the other hand on top ring finger on the nipple.

    4) let the chest come back up after each compression.

    Give breaths:

    1) second skill to cpr

    2)After 30 compressions, you give two breathes.

    3) chest rise means effective breath delivered.

    Open the airway:

    This lifts tongue from back of the throat to make sure your breathes get into the lungs.

    How to open the airway:

    1) Put the palm of your hand on the forehand and two fingers of your other hand on the bony

    part of the victim's chin.

    2)Tilt the head back & lift chin.

    Why do you avoid pressing into the soft part of the neck or underneath the chin of a CPR victim?

    This might cause the airway to be blocked.

    How to use an AED for an Adult:

    1) Turn the AED and follow the prompts:

    - Turn it on by pushing the "ON" button or lift the lid.

    -follow the prompts, which it will tell you everting you need to do.

    2) Attach the adult pads:

    -use adult pads for 8 years and older

    - peel away the back of pads

    - follow the pictures on the pads, attach them to the person's bare chest

    3) Let the AED analyze the heart rhythm:

    - Loudly state, "Clear," and make sure that no one is touching the victim.

    - IF shock is not needed, resume cpr.

    4) Deliver a shock if needed:

    - Loudly state, "Clear," and make sure that no one is touching the victim.

    - Push the shock "Shock" button.

    - Immediately resume CPR.

    Child Cpr is

    1 year old to puberty.

    Adolescents

    is puberty and beyond.

    The main cause for children to have cpr is

    they are having breathing trouble.

    other cause for children to have cpr is

    drowning, trauma, and electrical injury.

    How to give CPR to a Child:

    1) Make sure the person is lying on their back on a firm, flat surface.

    2) Quickly move clothes out of the way.

    -Either cutting or ripping the shirt off.

    3) 1 hand to give compressions.

    -put the heel of one hand on the center of the chest (over the lower half of the breastbone).

    4) Push straight down at least one third the depth of the chest or about 2 inches.

    - push at a rate of 100 to 200 compressions per minute.

    - COUNT the compression out loud!!!

    5) let the chest come back up after each compression.

    How long do you do compressions?

    5 rounds or for 2 minutes

    How to give breaths without a mask?

    1) While holding the airway open, pinch the nose closed with thumb and forefinger.

    2) Take a normal breath. Cover the person's mouth with your mouth.

    3) Give 2 breaths (blow for one second for each). Watch for the chest to begin to rise as you give each breath.

    4) Try not to interrupt compressions for more than 10 seconds.

    How to give breaths with a mask?

    1) Put the mask over the child's mouth and nose.

    -If mask has a pointed end, put the narrow end of the mask on the bridge of the nose; position the wide end so that it covers the mouth.

    2) Tilt the head and lift the chin while pressing the mask against the child's face. It is important to make an airtight seal between.

    Source : quizlet.com

    CPR Instructions For Infants and Small Children

    CPR for Infants

    CPR for Infants  (Age <1)

    If you are alone with the infant give 2 minutes of CPR before calling 911.

    CLICK HERE FOR A VIDEO DEMONSTRATION

    1. Shout and Tap

    Shout and gently tap the child on the shoulder. If there is no response and not breathing or not breathing normally, position the infant on his or her back and begin CPR.

    2. Give 30 Compressions

    Give 30 gentle chest compressions at the rate of 100-120/minute. Use two or three fingers in the center of the chest just below the nipples. Press down approximately one-third the depth of the chest (about 1 and a half inches).

    3. Open The Airway

    Open the airway using a head tilt lifting of chin. Do not tilt the head too far back

    4. Give 2 Gentle Breaths

    If the baby is not breathing or not breathing normally, cover the baby's mouth and nose with your mouth and give 2 gentle breaths. Each breath should be 1 second long. You should see the baby's chest rise with each breath.

    CONTINUE WITH 30 PUMPS AND 2 BREATHS UNTIL HELP ARRIVES

    RETURN TO MAIN MENU

    Source : depts.washington.edu

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