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    5.L.2 NC EOG Ecosystems Practice

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    5.L.2 NC EOG Ecosystems Practice

    5.L.2 NC EOG Ecosystems Practice 68%

    164 5th - 6th

    Other Sciences, Biology

    5 years

    25 Qs

    1. Multiple-choice 3 minutes Q.

    Jack learned about an organism that can survive in shallow ocean ecosystems as well as salt marshes. Which characteristic does this animal most likely possess?

    answer choices

    The organism can survive with a very small amount of food.

    The organism can survive with very little sunlight.

    The organism can survive in salt water.

    The organism can only survive in fresh water.

    2. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which best explains how a pond ecosystem is similar to a rainforest ecosystem? Both ecosystems...

    answer choices

    contain large amounts of water.

    are found in most parts of the world.

    contain the same communities of organisms.

    support food webs made up of producers and consumers.

    3. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which area is coldest?

    answer choices rainforest grassland tundra reef 4. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which best describes a freshwater ecosystem?

    answer choices

    an ocean environment with living organisms

    an inland water environment with no living organisms

    an ocean environment with living organisms and nonliving parts

    an inland water environment with living organisms and nonliving parts

    5. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Where are fern plants most likely to grow?

    answer choices in a desert along a river

    at the bottom of an ocean

    in the middle of a prairie

    6. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    High average daily temperature and heavy annual precipitation are found in a

    answer choices desert. grassland. rainforest. tundra. 7. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which is most similar to a grassland community?

    answer choices a lake a plain a forest a tundra 8. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    In which ecosystem can the greatest variety of organisms be found?

    answer choices lake estuary rainforest tundra 9. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which type of ecosystem can be found in the mountain regions of North Carolina?

    answer choices estuary grassland deciduous forest

    tropical rain forest

    10. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    What best describes both marshes and swamps? Most of the plants in....

    answer choices

    marshes and swamps are trees.

    marshes and swamps are grasses.

    in marshes are trees. Most of the plants in swamps are grasses.

    marshes are grasses. Most of the plants in swamps are trees.

    11. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    A food web includes grass, grasshoppers, moss, and mushrooms. Which is identified as a consumer?

    answer choices grass grasshopper moss mushroom 12. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which best describes a decomposer?

    answer choices

    an organisms that eats only plants

    an organism that makes its own food

    an organism that breaks down dead matter

    an organism that receives energy from the sun

    13. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which type of organism converts energy from the sun into organic material?

    answer choices producers consumers decomposers 14. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which group lists only decomposers?

    answer choices

    tadpoles, frogs, and algae

    detritus, crayfish, and turtles

    bacteria, earthworms, and fungi

    15. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which of these organisms is considered a consumer?

    answer choices algae bird fungi tree 16. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which best describes the role of both mushrooms and worms in an ecosystem?

    answer choices

    They provide food for carnivores.

    They provide food for themselves.

    They provide nutrients for the soil.

    They provide nutrients during photosynthesis.

    17. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Why would an oak tree be considered a producer?

    answer choices

    It can eat plants or animals to survive.

    It provides acorns for squirrels.

    It does not decay when it dies.

    It is inorganic. 18. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    European starlings are birds that take over the nests of other birds. When they move into an area, starlings reproduce quickly. Taking over the nest of other birds most likely increases the number of starlings by helping them to do what?

    answer choices

    attract a better mate

    compete for resources

    migrate during the winter

    blend in with the environment

    19. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    The number of fish in a lake suddenly increases. How will the increase most likely affect the lake?

    answer choices

    There will be less water in the lake.

    More plants will grow in the lake.

    More frogs will live in the lake.

    There will be fewer insects in the lake.

    20. Multiple-choice

    Source : quizizz.com

    Desert: Mission: Biomes

    climate change, global climate change, global warming, natural hazards, Earth, environment, remote sensing, atmosphere, land processes, oceans, volcanoes, land cover, Earth science data, NASA, environmental processes, Blue Marble, global maps

    Desert

    Temperature

    During the day, desert temperatures rise to an average of 38°C (a little over 100°F).

    At night, desert temperatures fall to an average of -3.9°C (about 25°F).

    At night, desert temperatures fall to an average of -3.9 degrees celsius (about 25 degrees fahrenheit).

    Precipitation

    Deserts get about 250 millimeters (10 inches) of rain per year—the least amount of rain of all of the biomes.

    Vegetation

    Cacti, small bushes, short grasses

    Location

    Between 15° and 35° latitude (North and South of the equator); examples are Mojave, Sonoran, Chihuahua, and Great Basin (North America); Sahara (Africa); Negev (Middle East); and Gobi (Asia)

    Other

    Perennials survive for several years by becoming dormant and flourishing when water is available. Annuals are referred to as ephemerals because some can complete an entire life cycle in weeks.

    Example: Cairo, Egypt

    Monthly Temperature and Precipitation from 1970 - 2000

    Month Average Monthly Precipitation (mm) Average Monthly Temperature (°C)

    January 6 14 February 5 15 March 4 17 April 2 22 May 1 25 June 0 27 July 0 28 August 0 28 September 0 27 October 1 24 November 3 19 December 6 15

    Sum Annual Precip. 28

    Download the Data (csv)

    Climograph

    Location Map

    Description

    Desert biomes are the driest of all the biomes. In fact, the most important characteristic of a desert is that it receives very little rainfall. Most deserts receive less than 300 mm a year compared to rainforests, which receive over 2,000 mm. That means that the desert only gets 10 percent of the rain that a rainforest gets! The temperature in the desert can change drastically from day to night because the air is so dry that heat escapes rapidly at night. The daytime temperature averages 38°C while in some deserts it can get down to -4°C at night. The temperature also varies greatly depending on the location of the desert.

    Since desert conditions are so severe, the plants that live there need to have adaptations to compensate for the lack of water. Some plants, such as cacti, store water in their stems and use it very slowly, while others like bushes conserve water by growing few leaves or by having large root systems to gather water. Some desert plant species have a short life cycle of a few weeks that lasts only during periods of rain.

    Mission: Biomes

    Missions

    The Great Graph Match

    To Plant or Not to Plant?

    Biomes

    Rainforest Grassland Coniferous Forest

    Temperate Deciduous Forest

    Desert Tundra Shrubland

    Resources

    Metric Converter Glossary Teacher Resources

    About Mission: Biomes

    Stories, experiments, projects, and data investigations. Download issues for free.

    Source : earthobservatory.nasa.gov

    3.3 Terrestrial Biomes

    3.3 Terrestrial Biomes

    Figure 1. Each of the world’s eight major biomes is distinguished by characteristic temperatures and amount of precipitation. Polar ice caps and mountains are also shown.

    There are eight major terrestrial biomes: tropical rainforests, savannas, subtropical deserts, chaparral, temperate grasslands, temperate forests, boreal forests, and Arctic tundra. Biomes are large-scale environments that are distinguished by characteristic temperature ranges and amounts of precipitation. These variables affect the types of vegetation and animal life that can exist in those areas. Because a biome is defined by climate, the same biome can occur in geographically distinct areas with similar climates (Figure 1 above).

    Tropical rainforests are found in equatorial regions (Figure 1) are the most biodiverse terrestrial biome. This biodiversity is under extraordinary threat primarily through logging and deforestation for agriculture. Tropical rainforests have also been described as nature’s pharmacy because of the potential for new drugs that is largely hidden in the chemicals produced by the huge diversity of plants, animals, and other organisms. The vegetation is characterized by plants with spreading roots and broad leaves that fall off throughout the year, unlike the trees of deciduous forests that lose their leaves in one season.

    The temperature and sunlight profiles of tropical rainforests are stable in comparison to other terrestrial biomes, with average temperatures ranging from 20oC to 34oC (68oF to 93oF). Month-to-month temperatures are relatively constant in tropical rainforests, in contrast to forests farther from the equator. This lack of temperature seasonality leads to year-round plant growth rather than just seasonal growth. In contrast to other ecosystems, a consistent daily amount of sunlight (11–12 hours per day year-round) provides more solar radiation and therefore more opportunity for primary productivity.

    The annual rainfall in tropical rainforests ranges from 125 to 660 cm (50–200 in) with considerable seasonal variation. Tropical rainforests have wet months in which there can be more than 30 cm (11–12 in) of precipitation, as well as dry months in which there are fewer than 10 cm (3.5 in) of rainfall. However, the driest month of a tropical rainforest can still exceed the annual rainfall of some other biomes, such as deserts.Tropical rainforests have high net primary productivity because the annual temperatures and precipitation values support rapid plant growth. However, the high amounts of rainfall leaches nutrients from the soils of these forests.

    Tropical rainforests are characterized by vertical layering of vegetation and the formation of distinct habitats for animals within each layer. On the forest floor is a sparse layer of plants and decaying plant matter. Above that is an understory of short, shrubby foliage. A layer of trees rises above this understory and is topped by a closed upper canopy—the uppermost overhead layer of branches and leaves. Some additional trees emerge through this closed upper canopy. These layers provide diverse and complex habitats for the variety of plants, animals, and other organisms. Many species of animals use the variety of plants and the complex structure of the tropical wet forests for food and shelter. Some organisms live several meters above ground, rarely descending to the forest floor.

    Figure 2. Species diversity is very high in tropical wet forests, such as these forests of Madre de Dios, Peru, near the Amazon River. (credit: Roosevelt Garcia)

    Figure 3. A MinuteEarth video about how trees create rainfall, and vice versa.

    Savannas are grasslands with scattered trees and are found in Africa, South America, and northern Australia (Figure 4 below). Savannas are hot, tropical areas with temperatures averaging from 24oC –29oC (75oF –84oF) and an annual rainfall of 51–127 cm (20–50 in). Savannas have an extensive dry season and consequent fires. As a result, there are relatively few trees scattered in the grasses and forbs (herbaceous flowering plants) that dominate the savanna. Because fire is an important source of disturbance in this biome, plants have evolved well-developed root systems that allow them to quickly re-sprout after a fire.

    Figure 4. Although savannas are dominated by grasses, small woodlands, such as this one in Mount Archer National Park in Queensland, Australia, may dot the landscape. (credit: “Ethel Aardvark”/Wikimedia Commons)

    Subtropical deserts exist between 15o and 30o north and south latitude and are centered on the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn (Figure 6 below). Deserts are frequently located on the downwind or lee side of mountain ranges, which create a rain shadow after prevailing winds drop their water content on the mountains. This is typical of the North American deserts, such as the Mohave and Sonoran deserts. Deserts in other regions, such as the Sahara Desert in northern Africa or the Namib Desert in southwestern Africa are dry because of the high-pressure, dry air descending at those latitudes. Subtropical deserts are very dry; evaporation typically exceeds precipitation. Subtropical hot deserts can have daytime soil surface temperatures above 60oC (140oF) and nighttime temperatures approaching 0oC (32oF).  Subtropical deserts are characterized by low annual precipitation of fewer than 30 cm (12 in) with little monthly variation and lack of predictability in rainfall. Some years may receive tiny amounts of rainfall, while others receive more. In some cases, the annual rainfall can be as low as 2 cm (0.8 in) in subtropical deserts located in central Australia (“the Outback”) and northern Africa.

    Source : courses.lumenlearning.com

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