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    due to the awkwardness of the traditional concert tuba, john philip sousa had to exclude the lower brass instrument from his marching band entirely. the tuba was not present in any shape or form.

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    get due to the awkwardness of the traditional concert tuba, john philip sousa had to exclude the lower brass instrument from his marching band entirely. the tuba was not present in any shape or form. from EN Bilgi.

    Ten facts about the sousaphone

    Any American can recognize the opening notes of "Stars and Stripes Forever" and that most essential instrument of the American marching band -- the sousaphone. How did this 30 pound beauty come to be? Despite its relative youth, the sousaphone has an extensive (and sometimes controversial) history.

    Ten facts about the sousaphone

    Grove Music Online

    is the gateway offering users the ability to access and cross-search multiple music reference resources in one location. With as its cornerstone, also contains , and .

    READ MORE

    BY CELINE AENLLE-ROCHA

    MAY 5TH 2016

    Any American can recognize the opening notes of “Stars and Stripes Forever” and that most essential instrument of the American marching band — the sousaphone. How did this 30 pound beauty come to be? Despite its relative youth, the sousaphone has an extensive (and sometimes controversial) history.

    The sousaphone is named after John Philip Sousa (1854-1932), who had early sousaphones made according to his specifications in the late nineteenth century.

    Both the J.W. Pepper and C.G. Conn companies took credit for building the first sousaphone; while C.G. Conn claimed to have invented the instrument in 1898, Sousa recalled going to J.W. Pepper to create the first prototype in 1893.

    Despite Pepper’s claim to the invention, it was the Conn sousaphone that eventually became the more commercially successful of the two, and even Sousa preferred it.

    The sousaphone is similar to the tuba in many respects, but can be differentiated by its wide, flared bell and shape, encircling the player. Early sousaphones were built with bells pointed upright.

    Upright sousaphones, called “rain-catchers”, never really gained popularity beyond Sousa’s use. Bell-forward sousaphones have been the college and marching band favorite since at least the 1920s.

    Although primarily designed as a marching band instrument, the sousaphone also made a popular entry into jazz music in the 1920s.

    Sousaphones are non-transposing brass instruments, most with three valves.

    In order to make them lighter, Conn and the Selmer Co. began building sousaphones with fiberglass bodies, fittings and brass valves in the 1960s. In addition to being easier to carry, sousaphones are now harder to dent.

    Similarly to upright band tubas, the sousaphone is pitched in E♭ and B♭. Some, however, have a fourth valve which lowers the pitch by a 4th.

    The sousaphone was originally created for marching bands, but has recently become a popular instrument for street bands in Asia and Europe.

    The above are only ten facts from the extensive entries in Grove Music Online. Did we leave out any fun facts about the sousaphone?

    Featured image: “Sousafoon”. Photo by FaceMePLS. CC BY 2.0 via Flickr.

    Celine Aenlle-Rocha is a Marketing Assistant for academic music books at Oxford University Press. Information for this post was sourced from the "Sousaphone" entry by Carolyn Bryant (with Lloyd P. Farrar) in Grove Music Online.

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    Recent Comments

    Dave Detwiler6TH MAY 2016

    Dear friends at Oxford Music,

    Thanks so much for giving attention to the Sousaphone! I always enjoy seeing this great instrument portrayed in a positive light.

    If I may, there are a few adjustments I would recommend that you make to the “facts” you present. As one who has been researching the early history of the Sousaphone for the past 4 years, I can tell you that:

    1) J. W. Pepper did indeed make and name the very first Sousaphone. In other words, this “claim,” as you put it in your fact 3, has now been verified. The horn was built in 1895 at the Pepper factory at 8th & Locust in Philadelphia – and it was played in the Sousa Band for at least the cross-country tour in 1896. But you’re right in saying that Conn’s Sousaphone, which appeared in 1898, was the one that Sousa ended up preferring, and was made available commercially. Pepper’s horn, while the first, seems to be the only Sousaphone he ever built.

    2) In your final fact you say that “The Sousaphone was originally created for marching bands,” but this is simply not true. Sousa designed this special instrument for use in his peerless concert band.

    Documentation of these facts can be found in my academic articles in the Spring 2015 and Winter 2016 editions of the ITEA Journal, or you can view on youtube the documentary that Pepper created, based on my research, and titled “The Birth of the Sousaphone.”

    Source : blog.oup.com

    Sousaphone

    Sousaphone

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    "Sousaphone" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR

    Sousaphone

    A sousaphone. Brass instrument Classification Wind Brass Aerophone

    Hornbostel–Sachs classification 423.232

    (Valved aerophone sounded by lip movement)

    Inventor(s) J.W. Pepper & John Philip Sousa

    Developed 1893 Playing range Related instruments Tuba Euphonium Contrabass Bugle Baritone horn Wagner Tuba Helicon Cornu (horn) Part of a series on Musical instruments show Woodwinds show Brass instruments show String instruments Percussion Keyboards vte

    The sousaphone (US: /ˈsuːzəfoʊn/) is a brass instrument in the same family as the more widely known tuba. Created around 1893 by J.W. Pepper at the direction of American bandleader John Philip Sousa (after whom the instrument was then named), it was designed to be easier to play than the concert tuba while standing or marching, as well as to carry the sound of the instrument above the heads of the band. Like the tuba, sound is produced by moving air past the lips, causing them to vibrate or "buzz" into a large cupped mouthpiece. Unlike the tuba, the instrument is bent in a circle to fit around the body of the musician; it ends in a large, flaring bell that is pointed forward, projecting the sound ahead of the player. Because of the ease of carrying and the direction of sound, it is widely employed in marching bands, as well as various other musical genres. Sousaphones were originally made out of brass but in the mid-20th century started to be made from lighter materials like fiberglass; today both types are in wide use.

    Contents

    1 History 2 Construction 2.1 Materials 2.2 Pitch 3 Varieties 3.1 Fiberglass

    3.2 Additional valves

    3.3 Non-American sousaphones

    4 Special effects

    5 College marching bands

    6 Musical genres 7 Notable players 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

    History[edit]

    1893 sousaphones at the Museum of Making Music

    The first sousaphone was built by James Welsh Pepper in 1893 at the request of John Philip Sousa,[1][2] who was dissatisfied with the hélicons in use by the United States Marine Band. Some sources credit C.G. Conn with its construction, because of the first sousaphone he built later in 1898.[3] Sousa wanted a tuba-like instrument that would send sound upward and over the band, much like a concert (upright) tuba. The new instrument had an oversized bell pointing straight up, rather than the directional bell of a normal hélicon.

    The sousaphone was initially developed as a concert instrument rather than for marching. Sousa wanted the new instrument for the professional band which he started after leaving the Marines, and this band marched only once. Sousa mainly used sousaphones built by C.G. Conn.[4] Although less balanced on a player's body than a helicon, because of the large spectacular bell high in the air, the sousaphone retained the tuba-like sound by widening the bore and throat of the instrument significantly. Its upright bell led to the instrument being dubbed a "rain-catcher". Some versions of this design allowed the bell to also rotate forward, projecting the sound to the front of the band. This bell configuration remained the standard for several decades and is the standard today.

    The instrument proved practical for marching, and by 1908 the United States Marine Band adopted it.[5]

    Versions with the characteristic extra 90° bend making a forward-facing bell were developed in the early 1900s. Early sousaphones had 22-inch-diameter (560 mm) bells, with 24-inch (610 mm) bells popular in the 1920s. From the mid-1930s onward, sousaphone bells have been standardized at a diameter of 26 inches (660 mm). Some larger sousaphones (Monster, Grand, Jumbo, Giant or Grand Jumbo, depending on brand) were produced in limited quantities.

    Construction[edit]

    Sousaphone player Tycho Cohran with the Hypnotic Brass Ensemble, at the TFF.Rudolstadt 2012

    The sousaphone is a valved brass instrument with the same tube length and musical range as other tubas. The sousaphone's shape is such that the bell is above the tubist's head and projecting forward. The valves are situated directly in front of the musician slightly above the waist and all of the weight rests on the left shoulder. The bell is normally detachable from the instrument body to facilitate transportation and storage. Except for the instrument's general shape and appearance, the sousaphone is technically similar to a tuba.

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

    Music Flashcards & Practice Test

    Start studying Music. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

    Music

    Orchestra

    Click card to see definition 👆

    Large instrumental ensemble of classical music

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    Conductor

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    Communicates artistic directions to performers during a performance

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    1/52 Created by Suzette_Lilley3

    Terms in this set (52)

    Orchestra

    Large instrumental ensemble of classical music

    Conductor

    Communicates artistic directions to performers during a performance

    Chordophone String instruments

    Aerophone Instruments

    Any instrument that makes sound using a vibrating column of air.

    Membraphones Drums Idiophones

    instruments that produce sounds from the vibrations of their own bodies

    String family

    Any instrument that is played with a string, all of these have 4 strings

    Violin: smaller softer

    Viola: louder bigger

    Cello: always played seated

    Double bass

    Harp: most ancient of all instruments

    In a orchestra there is always more _____ than other instruments because violins make a lower sound so the sound would balance out

    Violins Brass family

    Trumpet,trombone, French horn, baritone, tuba

    The longer the tubing the lower the sound. Created by a vibrating column of air

    Trombone- lower sounding instrument and invented during the Middle Ages. Also known as a sackbut

    Trumpet- invented in 1750, used in the army, belonged to ancient Hebrews. The grandfather trumpet was the shofar and was used by Hebrews to warn and prepare for war. The Romans took the shofar and made it into the Roman trumpet

    French horn- it's grandfather is the alpine horn. Used to warn people in the Swiss mountains

    Sousaphone

    Designed by John Phillip Sousa. Same as the tuba but can wear it on your shoulder. Used in marching bands.

    Woodwind Family

    Type of aerophones. Makes vibrations in three different ways. Brass family only does it in one. Whistles like the flute. First flute was made from the ancient Greeks. They found a certain type of plant that was naturally hollow known as a reed plant

    Percussion

    Tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure

    snare drum

    Associated with marching or armies. Have people march together in unison

    Timpani

    Kettledrums. Consists of skin stretched over a large bowl traditionally made of copper. In the percussion family. Found in an orchestra more than any other

    snare drum pic

    Tam Tam

    gong, part of the percussion family. Makes a safe place for good spirits by driving the bad spirits away

    Tamborine

    a musical instrument in the percussion family consisting of a frame, often of wood or plastic, with pairs of small metal jingles

    Melodic Percussion

    can play melodies, orchestral bells. EX: timpani, xylophone, cymbals, triangle, snare drum, bass drum, tambourine, maracas, gongs, chimes, celesta and piano.

    Glockenspiel

    glocken means bells. Spiel means sound.

    Kithara

    an ancient Greek musical instrument in the lyre or lyra family. Means "guitar". Strings are made from animal gut. Cross between harp and guitar

    Lute

    A lute is any plucked string instrument with a neck,usually with a sound hole or opening in the body. String family. Many long strings

    Hurdy Gurdy

    a stringed instrument that produces sound by a hand crank-turned, rosined wheel rubbing against the strings. The wheel functions much like a violin bow, and single notes played on the instrument sound similar to those of a violin. String family

    Guitar

    musical instrument that usually has six strings. The sound is projected either acoustically, using a hollow wooden or plastic and wood box, or through electrical amplifier and a speaker. String family

    Violin

    string family, smaller and softer than a viola. 4 strings

    Source : quizlet.com

    Do you want to see answer or more ?
    James 2 month ago
    4

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

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