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    Qualifications for the Presidency

    An annotation about Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 of the Constitution of the United States.

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    ArtII.S1.C5.1 Qualifications for the Presidency

    Article II, Section 1, Clause 5:

    No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.

    All Presidents from Martin Van Buren on were born in the United States subsequent to the Declaration of Independence. The principal issue with regard to the qualifications set out in this clause is whether a child born abroad of American parents is a natural born citizen in the sense of the clause. Such a child is a citizen as a consequence of statute.1 Whatever the term natural born means, it no doubt does not include a person who is naturalized. Thus, the answer to the question might be seen to turn on the interpretation of the first sentence of the first section of the Fourteenth Amendment, providing that [a]ll persons born or naturalized in the United States are citizens.2 Significantly, however, Congress, in which a number of Framers sat, provided in the Naturalization Act of 1790 that the children of citizens of the United States, that may be born beyond the sea, . . . shall be considered as natural born citizens . . . .3 This phrasing followed the literal terms of British statutes, beginning in 1350, under which persons born abroad, whose parents were both British subjects, would enjoy the same rights of inheritance as those born in England; beginning with laws in 1709 and 1731, these statutes expressly provided that such persons were natural-born subjects of the crown.4 There is reason to believe, therefore, that the phrase includes persons who become citizens at birth by statute because of their status in being born abroad of American citizens.5 Whether the Supreme Court would decide the issue should it ever arise in a case or controversy—as well as how it might decide it—can only be speculated about.

    Topics

    Elections and Voting Rights

    Source : constitution.congress.gov

    Natural

    Natural-born-citizen clause

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    "Natural-born-citizen clause" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR

    Countries where the president must be a natural-born citizen

    A natural-born-citizen clause, if present in the constitution of a country, requires that its president or vice president be a natural born citizen. The constitutions of a number of countries contain such a clause, but there is no universally accepted meaning for the term.

    Contents

    1 Nations that have the requirement

    1.1 Albania 1.2 Angola 1.3 Argentina 1.4 Belarus 1.5 Brazil 1.6 Chile 1.7 Colombia 1.8 Costa Rica 1.9 Finland 1.10 Ghana 1.11 Honduras 1.12 Indonesia 1.13 Kenya 1.14 Liberia 1.15 Mexico 1.16 Nigeria 1.17 Philippines 1.18 Syria 1.19 Uganda 1.20 United States 1.21 Uruguay 1.22 Venezuela 2 See also 3 References

    Nations that have the requirement[edit]

    Albania[edit]

    As of Article 89 of the Albanian Constitution sets the following qualifications for holding the presidency, to be a natural-born citizen of the Albanian Republic, to be at least forty years old and to be a resident in the Republic of Albania for at least ten years.[1][2]

    Angola[edit]

    Article 110 of the 2010 Constitution provides that "Natural born Angolan citizens of over 35 years of age, living in the country for the last 10 years, and enjoying full civil and political rights shall be eligible to the post of President of the Republic."[3]

    Argentina[edit]

    Section 90 of the Argentine Constitution establishes the requirements for becoming president. The President must be a natural-born citizen of the country

    Belarus[edit]

    In order to be able to run for office, a candidate must be a Belarusian citizen by birth that is over thirty-five years old. The candidate must also reside within the republic for ten years and he or she must be able to cast a ballot legally. The provisions are set down in Article 80 of the Constitution.[4]

    Brazil[edit]

    Main article: President of Brazil

    Article 14, Section III (3) of the Constitution requires a candidate to be:[5]

    Born in Brazil, or a native citizen.

    Eligible to vote. Registered to vote.

    Living in electoral district.

    Member of a political party.

    Minimum age of 35.

    Chile[edit]

    The Constitution of 1980 and its 2005 amendment establishes the requirements for becoming president. The president must be a natural-born citizen of the country, or else born overseas when one of his or her parents or grandparents is a Chilean national. The president must also be at least 35 years old.[6]

    Colombia[edit]

    Colombian Constitution of 1991 Article 191: states that the president must be a natural born citizen of Colombia and at least 30 years of age.[7]

    Costa Rica[edit]

    According to Article 131 of the Constitution, The following is required to be president or vice president of the Republic: be Costa Rican by birth and a citizen in exercise.

    Finland[edit]

    According to the first paragraph of Section 54 of the Finnish Constitution, "The President shall be a native-born Finnish citizen."[8][9][10]

    Ghana[edit]

    According to Chapter 8, Article 62 of the 1992 Constitution of Ghana, a person shall not be qualified for election as the president of Ghana unless that person is a citizen of Ghana by birth

    Honduras[edit]

    To be eligible to run for president in Honduras, the candidate is required to be a natural-born Honduran.

    Indonesia[edit]

    According to the Article 6 of the 1945 Indonesia constitution, presidential and vice presidential candidates must have been citizens since birth who have never voluntarily acquired another citizenship.[11]

    Kenya[edit]

    The person to be elected as president should be a Kenyan citizen by birth,[12]

    Liberia[edit]

    To be eligible for office under the Liberia Constitution, a presidential candidate must:

    be a natural born citizen of Liberia" (per Art, 27)(b) of the Constitution; citizenship is limited to "persons who are Negroes or of Negro descent".

    Mexico[edit]

    The constitution of Mexico requires the of Mexico with at least one parent who is a natural-born citizen of Mexico. The person should be at least 35 years of age and in Mexico for at least 20 years in his entire lifetime and for the entire year before the election. The person should not be a secretary or under-secretary of state, attorney general, or governor of a state at least 6 months prior to the election.[13]

    Nigeria[edit]

    Chapter VI, Part I, Section 131 of the constitution states that a person may be qualified for election of the office of the president if they are a citizen of Nigeria by birth.[14]

    Philippines[edit]

    Main article: President of the Philippines

    Article VII, Section 3 of the 1987 Constitution provides that no person may be elected president unless .

    Syria[edit]

    A new constitution was approved in February 2012.[15] Article 84 of Syria's 2012 constitution requires that candidates for the presidency must:[16]

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

    Requirements for the President of the United States

    Qualifications for presidential candidates have remained the same since the year Washington accepted the presidency. As directed by the Constitution, a presidential candidate must be a natural born citizen of the United States, a resident for 14 years, and 35 years of age or older.

    Requirements for the President of the United States

    George Washington, first president of the United States

    Legal requirements for presidential candidates have remained the same since the year Washington accepted the presidency. As directed by the Constitution, a presidential candidate must be a natural born citizen of the United States, a resident for 14 years, and 35 years of age or older.

    A Question of Duty

    Most candidates, past and present, have fought hard for their party's nomination. Today, many politicians make this their life's work as they move from city, to state, to national office. Some candidates, however, have expressed misgivings.

    Many people don't know that our country's first presidential candidate, George Washington, was reluctant to accept the office. "I cannot describe, the painful emotions which I felt in being called upon to determine whether I would accept or refuse the Presidency of the United States," Washington revealed in a 1789 speech. Washington had fully intended to retire to Mount Vernon when the Constitutional Convention was over. But Washington's sense of duty to his new country outweighed his desire to withdraw from public life.

    Washington was not the only candidate to feel reluctant about the presidency. James K. Polk accepted the Democratic party's nomination as a duty "neither...sought nor declined." How often do you hear candidates today speak of duty as a motivation for candidacy? What other motives do you notice in recent candidates?

    Source : www.loc.gov

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