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    Yeast infection from antibiotics: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

    Taking certain antibiotics can lead to a yeast infection in the vagina. This is because the antibiotics kill bacteria that support vaginal health. Learn more here.

    Can you get a yeast infection from antibiotics?

    Medically reviewed by Carolyn Kay, M.D. — Written by Amanda Barrell — Updated on March 24, 2022

    Taking certain antibiotics may lead to a yeast infection in the vagina, also known as a fungal infection or vaginal candidiasis.

    A yeast infection is a form of vaginitis, which means inflammation in the vagina. Vaginitis is the most common vaginal condition in people aged 15–44

    Trusted Source Trusted Source .

    Vaginal candidiasis, caused by Candida fungus, is the second most common

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    type of vaginal infection in the United States, after bacterial infections.

    This article examines how taking antibiotics can sometimes lead to yeast infections. It also describes which antibiotics can cause these infections and how to treat them.

    Sex and gender exist on spectrums. This article will use the terms “male,” “female,” or both to refer to sex assigned at birth. Click here to learn more.

    Antibiotics and yeast infections

    A yeast infection occurs when something upsets the delicate balance of bacteria and yeast in the vagina.

    A small amount of Candida fungus is usually present in the vagina, and beneficial bacteria help keep this fungus under control.

    Antibiotics work by killing bacteria that cause infection, but they can also kill beneficial bacteria in other parts of the body, including the vagina.

    Without enough beneficial bacteria to keep the yeast at bay, Candida yeast can multiply, causing the symptoms of a yeast infection.

    Some people are more prone to yeast infections than others. According to current estimates, 8%

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    of females have recurring Candida infections, and around 70%

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    of females report dealing with this condition at least once in their lifetime.

    Yeast infections can develop at any age, but these infections are more common during reproductive years.

    Symptoms

    The common symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection tend to be more noticeable just before menstruation. A person may experience:

    an itchy sensation on and around the vulva, which is the area outside the vagina

    a burning sensation on or around the vulva

    white, lumpy, odorless vaginal discharge

    pain during sex

    pain or discomfort while urinating

    an increase in vaginal discharge

    These symptoms are mild in most cases. In severe infections, redness, swelling, or cracks form in the walls of the vagina.

    It can be difficult to distinguish between a yeast infection and a urinary tract infection (UTI). Learn to tell the difference here.

    Antibiotics that can cause yeast infections

    Not all antibiotics are likely to cause yeast infections — only broad-spectrum antibiotics tend to have this effect. These drugs can kill several different types of bacteria.

    The following three types of broad-spectrum antibiotic, in particular, may increase the risk of a yeast infection:

    Tetracyclines

    Doctors prescribe tetracyclines for acne, UTIs, intestinal tract infections, eye infections, sexually transmitted infections, and gum disease.

    Examples of tetracyclines and common brand names include:

    demeclocycline (Detravis)

    doxycycline (Adoxa)

    eravacycline (Xerava)

    minocycline (Minocin)

    omadacycline (Nuzyra)

    tetracycline (Sumycin)

    Quinolones

    Doctors prescribe quinolones for difficult-to-treat UTIs, hospital-acquired pneumonia, and bacterial prostatitis. Common examples include:

    ciprofloxacin (Cipro)

    levofloxacin (Levaquin)

    moxifloxacin (Avelox)

    Broad-spectrum penicillins

    Broad-spectrum penicillins, such as ampicillin and amoxicillin, may also lead to yeast infections.

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    GET STARTED Who is at risk?

    Yeast infections are common, but a few circumstances may make it more likely a person will develop one. These circumstances include:

    pregnancy

    hormone contraceptive use, such as birth control pills

    diabetes

    a weakened immune system due to factors such as chemotherapy treatment or HIV infection

    If a person is living with one of these risk factors, they should talk with their doctor if they have been prescribed antibiotics, as there can be an increased risk of yeast infection.

    While yeast infections are more common among sexually active people, there is no evidence that they are sexually transmitted.

    Treatment

    Treating a yeast infection is usually a straightforward process. In most cases, a person will either apply a cream or ointment to the inside of the vagina or take a pill containing an antifungal medicine, such as fluconazole or miconazole.

    A doctor can prescribe antifungal creams or tablets. People can also find over-the-counter (OTC) antifungal vaginal creams at drugstores, or online.

    Some infections, such as recurring chronic infections, may require stronger treatment. In this case, a doctor may recommend additional doses of fluconazole or creams that contain boric acid, nystatin, or flucytosine.

    Source : www.medicalnewstoday.com

    Yeast Infection from Antibiotics: Why It Happens

    Can you get a yeast infection from antibiotics? We’ll answer this and other questions about the link between antibiotics and yeast infections. You’ll learn why antibiotics sometimes cause yeast infections and how you can reduce your risk of getting one while taking antibiotics.

    The Link Between Antibiotics and Yeast Infections

    Medically reviewed by Cynthia Cobb, DNP, APRN, WHNP-BC, FAANP — Written by Corinne O'Keefe Osborn — Updated on March 7, 2019

    We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Here’s our process.

    Can antibiotics cause a yeast infection?

    Antibiotics are used to kill off harmful bacteria in the body. But they can also destroy beneficial bacteria in the process, which may lead to a yeast infection.

    Vaginal yeast infections are fungal infections of the vagina. They happen when a type of fungus called Candida, which occurs naturally in the vagina, begins to grow out of control. Yeast infections can cause intense itching and irritation of the vagina and vulva — the outer part of the female genital area.

    Read on to learn more about why this happens and how you can reduce your risk while taking antibiotics.

    Why does it happen?

    Vaginas maintain their own balanced mix of yeast and bacteria. A type of bacteria called Lactobacillus keeps the vagina slightly acidic, which isn’t welcoming to yeast. This slightly acidic environment keeps the yeast growing in the vagina under control.

    Broad-spectrum antibiotics, which you might take for bronchitis or a sinus infection, are like a bomb to your body’s natural balance of bacteria. They wipe out the bad bacteria causing your illness.

    Antibiotics also wipe out beneficial bacteria, including Lactobacillus. Without enough Lactobacillus, your vagina becomes less acidic, making it an ideal environment for yeast.

    How can I reduce my risk?

    There are several things you can do to reduce your risk of getting a yeast infection after you take antibiotics.

    Talk to your doctor

    If you experience chronic yeast infections or tend to get a yeast infection every time you take antibiotics, tell your doctor. They may prescribe an oral antifungal pill called fluconazole (Diflucan) for you to take during your course of antibiotics.

    You might be instructed to take one pill on the first day and another pill every seven days until you finish the antibiotics. This should help to prevent an overgrowth of yeast while taking antibiotics.

    Use an over-the-counter antifungal

    Using an over-the-counter (OTC) antifungal cream or suppository can help prevent yeast infections caused by antibiotics. Antifungal agents can take the place of your good bacteria, working to keep yeast in check.

    Following the directions on the box, begin using your antifungal at the same time you start your antibiotics to prevent a yeast infection. You can also start using an antifungal at any point during your course of antibiotics.

    Find OTC yeast infection treatments here.

    Replenish your good bacteria

    Antibiotics attack good bacteria all over your body. You may be able to undo some of this damage by increasing the number of good bacteria in your body.

    Consider taking a probiotic supplement containing Lactobacillus, like this one. You can also try adding some yogurt containing live active cultures to your diet. Here’s a guide to brands containing Lactobacillus acidophilus.

    Use yogurt

    While eating yogurt can help to replenish good bacteria, applying it near your vagina may also offer a little help. Just make sure you choose one that’s unflavored, that doesn’t contain sweeteners, and that contains live active cultures.

    Apply it to your vulva for itch relief. You can also use a tampon applicator whose tampon has been removed and the applicator filled with yogurt to put the yogurt inside your vagina.

    Learn more about how to use yogurt for a yeast infection.

    Don’t use antibiotics unnecessarily

    Try to avoid using antibiotics for minor infections, such as an ear infection. In these cases, antibiotics will only shorten your healing time by a day or two.

    Ask your doctor if there’s anything else that might help before starting antibiotics.

    But if your doctor does recommend taking them, make sure to finish the entire course. Not doing so can contribute to antibiotic resistance, which makes antibiotics ineffective against harmful bacteria.

    Other tips for prevention

    Follow these tips to reduce your risk of developing a yeast infection, regardless of whether you’re taking antibiotics:

    Change out of wet bathing suits and underwear as soon as possible. Yeast thrives in moist environments.Avoid hot tubs and very hot baths. The only thing yeast loves more than a moist environment is a warm one.Wear loose-fitting clothing. While there’s no clear link between tight clothing and yeast infections, tight pants can increase heat and moisture around your vulva.Wear breathable, cotton underwear. Cotton underwear can help keep things cool and dry down there.Never douche. Douching removes healthy bacteria.Avoid vaginal deodorant products. This includes sprays, powders, and scented pads and tampons.If you have diabetes, keep your blood sugar under control. High blood sugar levels encourage yeast growth.

    Should I see a doctor?

    If your yeast infection doesn’t improve after treatment, you should consult your doctor. OTC antifungal creams can take up to 10 days to treat a yeast infection.

    Source : www.healthline.com

    How to prevent a yeast infection from antibiotics

    Antibiotics kill bacteria, and that can have some nasty side effects. Diflucan can help avoid a yeast infection from antibiotics, along with these tips.

    Preventing a yeast infection from antibiotics

    By Nicole Roder | Oct. 29, 2019 Medically reviewed by Gerardo Sison, Pharm.D.

    If you have strep throat, a sinus infection, or another bacterial infection, your doctor might prescribe antibiotics to cure it. Antibiotics are very useful drugs that kill off the harmful bacteria that causes illness. Unfortunately, they can also destroy your body’s so-called “good” bacteria in the process.

    Because of this, antibiotics often come with some unpleasant side effects, including nausea, dizziness, diarrhea, and yes, yeast infections. If you’ve experienced them, you’ve probably wondered, “Is there any way to prevent a yeast infection from antibiotics?” Read on to learn how.

    What is a yeast infection?

    Vaginal yeast infections, or candidiasis, are fungal infections of the vagina. They are caused by a fungus called . This fungus is always present in the vagina, and usually it exists happily among the many good bacteria that balance it out. However, when a woman takes antibiotics that kill off all that natural biome, the Candida might start to grow out of control. When that happens, you get a yeast infection.

    If you are not already familiar with the symptoms of yeast infection, consider yourself lucky. They are very uncomfortable and can include:

    Intense itching in and around the vagina, including the vulva

    Irritation Burning

    Pain or discomfort when urinating

    Pain during intercourse

    White, clumpy discharge that smells like bread

    In extreme cases, yeast infections can cause redness, swelling, and cracks in the vaginal wall.

    Why do you get a yeast infection from antibiotics?

    A woman’s vagina maintains its own balanced mix of yeast and bacteria. “Antibiotics can destroy bacteria that protect the vagina, or may alter the balance of bacteria present,” says Dr. Janelle Luk, medical director and co-founder of Generation Next Fertility in New York City.

    She explains that a type of bacteria called keeps the vagina slightly acidic, which keeps the yeast at bay. But broad-spectrum antibiotics change all that. They destroy the bad bacteria causing your illness. But they also wipe out beneficial bacteria, including . When there is less in your vagina, it becomes less acidic, and therefore a perfect environment for yeast.

    Which antibiotics cause yeast infections?

    Do all antibiotics cause yeast infections? It’s a good question—especially if there are multiple options available to treat your condition. Broad-spectrum antibiotics are most likely to throw off your body’s natural bacterial balance, such as:

    Amoxicillin

    Carbapenems (like imipenem)

    Tetracyclines

    Quinolones (like ciprofloxacin)

    Some inhaled steroidal treatments for asthma can increase risk of an oral yeast infection.

    RELATED: Amoxicillin coupons | Imipenem coupons | Tetracycline coupons | Ciprofloxacin coupons 

    Preventing a yeast infection from antibiotics

    First and foremost, you should know that the benefits of antibiotics far outweigh the risk of side effects. Even though antibiotics might cause yeast infections, it is still important to take the medication as your doctor prescribed to fully treat a bacterial infection. Failure to finish an antibiotic prescription can cause something called antibiotic resistance. This means that your bacterial infection might become resistant to the drug and much more difficult to cure.

    RELATED: What happens if you don’t finish antibiotics?

    However, it is possible to prevent some side effects, including yeast infection. “To help prevent yeast infections, make sure to avoid wearing wet bathing suits or underwear, as moisture will allow yeast to grow,” Dr. Luk says. “Also, be sure to avoid hot tubs or hot baths, since yeast also forms in warm environments. Be sure to wear loose-fitting clothing, and avoid vaginal deodorant products such as sprays, powders, or scented pads and tampons.”

    Rebecca Berens, MD, assistant professor of Family and Community Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, says your doctor can also prescribe “an antifungal pill called Diflucan to take concurrently with your antibiotic prescription.”

    Dr. Luk says it’s good to preemptively speak with your doctor about a Diflucan prescription if you experience yeast infections often. And she says that if Diflucan doesn’t work, another solution could be to use an over-the-counter antifungal cream, such as Monistat. “You may also try eating yogurt, as this will replenish the good bacteria in your vagina,” says Dr. Luk.

    6 tips to prevent yeast infection from antibiotics

    Antibiotics have a lot of uses. They treat dangerous bacterial infections, and the benefits far outweigh the risks. But it is possible to prevent some of the side effects, including yeast infection, by:

    Avoiding hot tubs or hot baths

    Wearing loose clothing

    Changing out of wet bathing suits or underwear

    Skipping feminine hygiene products, like douches

    Avoiding vaginal deodorant products such as sprays, powders, or scented pads and tampons

    Wearing breathable underwear and fabrics, like cotton

    And, if your doctor prescribes an antibiotic, be sure to ask about prevention and treatment options, such as Diflucan and Monistat.

    Source : www.singlecare.com

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