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    because they are larger vehicles what must you do for large vehicles when you encounter them on a roadway?


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    Sharing the road with larger vehicles

    When driving on a highway next or near a semi-trailer truck, you are taking a considerable amount of risk if you are not aware of the larger vehicle's limitations and how to share the road safely with those type of vehicles.

    Sharing the road with larger vehicles

    When driving on a highway next or near a semi-trailer truck, you are taking a considerable amount of risk if you are not aware of the larger vehicle's limitations and how to share the road safely with those type of vehicles.

    It is important to note that crashes involving cars and semi-trailer trucks can be very dangerous. Statistics shows that there is a substantial chance of fatality of the driver and passengers of the car that is involved in a collision with a semi-trailer truck.

    Below are a few important facts that you should know about larger vehicles such as semi-trailer trucks, buses or RVs:

    A larger vehicle will require extra distance to stop

    It will take much longer for a larger vehicle to slow down or come to a complete stop. So, if you are driving in front of a semi-trailer truck, leave plenty of space between your car and the semi-trailer truck behind you and do not make a sudden stop. Always show your intention of slowing down by gently pushing your brake showing that you are slowing down.

    Never suddenly pull in front of a larger vehicle, the driver will not have enough time to stop and may hit your car, and that can be very dangerous.

    A larger vehicle has several blind spots around it

    A larger vehicle such as a semi-trailer truck or a bus has long blind spots on both sides of the vehicle and also in front and back of the vehicle called "No-Zones". So, avoid staying on the No-Zones areas of a larger vehicle because the driver of the larger vehicle cannot see you and it creates a dangerous driving condition.

    A larger vehicle needs much more space to maneuver or to make a right turn

    Larger vehicles such as semi-trailer trucks need a lot of space to maneuver, especially when making right turns. And in order for semi-trailer trucks to make wide right turns,  they usually move to the left or between the lanes, so they have enough space to make right turns.

    If you are behind a semi-trailer truck and noticed that he/she turned on the right signal and is getting ready to make a right turn,  stop and allow the truck make its wide right turn. Do not try to pass the truck to the right during the right turn or the truck may not see you and squeeze your vehicle.

    Be careful and patient when passing and or when they pass you

    Be extra careful and always pass on the left when passing a larger vehicle.  Be aware that it will take longer and requires more space to pass a larger vehicle.

    Especially if you are on a two-way road, make sure the road is clear for a long distance ahead from upcoming traffic and to allow much more time and space to pass the large vehicle. Also, after you pass the larger vehicle,  look to the front of the larger vehicle and look over your shoulder to make sure that it is clear before returning to your lane.

    When a truck passes you, keep your hands firmly on the wheel. A wind gust from the passing truck could push your car to the side.

    Be mindful of large delivery trucks

    Large delivery trucks may need to block the street (especially in the commercial and industrial zones) in order to backup to a driveway or parking lot. Watch out for the trucks that are backing up and be mindful of the situation, stop and leave a lot of room for the truck to back up to its destination. Do not try to pass a large truck that is trying to back up to a driveway or parking lot.

    It is easy to misjudge the speed and distance of a semi-trailer truck

    Be mindful that you are more likely to misjudge the speed and distance of a semi-trailer truck because of its size.  They usually move ahead and approach you much faster than you anticipated.

    Always consider this fact when you are making any traffic maneuvers that require predicting the speed and distance of a larger vehicle. For example:

    If you are making an unprotected left turn at an intersection, an oncoming semi-trailer truck may approach you much faster than you anticipated, so you better stay safe and make sure he/she passes before pulling in front of the truck for making a left turn.

    If you are driving on a two-way road and you notice an upcoming semi-trailer truck is passing another vehicle, slow down and move to the right of the lane as much as you can because he/she may reach you faster than you anticipated.

    When calculating the distance and time to pass a larger vehicle safely, always consider that it will take longer to pass a larger vehicle because they are driving faster than you think.

    Do not follow a larger vehicle too closely

    The driver of a semi-trailer truck or a bus may not see you if you follow him/her too closely; this may create a dangerous situation for you especially if the larger vehicle needs to stop suddenly or backup.

    Be careful of semi-trailer trucks on a steep downhill roads

    On the steep downhill roads, the semi-trailer trucks may drive much faster and may lose their ability to stop.

    So, when you are driving on a steep downhill road,  avoid driving in front of a semi-trailer truck and try to stay away from a semi-trailer truck in this type of road condition.

    There are ramps built for semi-trailer trucks that have lost control of their vehicle called “runaway truck ramps”. Never park at the entrance or at or near the runaway truck ramps. Parking at or near a runaway truck ramp can be deadly for you and other vehicles.

    Source : www.driverseducationusa.com

    Driving Around Large Vehicles

    Driving around large vehicles needs more attention in drivers education classes. Here are some quick tips for driving around big vehicles.

    Safely Driving Around Large & Slow Vehicles

    Drivers of passenger vehicles must share the road with many types of vehicles and

    pedestrians. Here are some tips on safe driving around large and slow vehicles.

    Being surrounded by cars zipping around you brings about its own set of challenges. But if you’re on the road and find yourself sharing it with one that’s large or slow, you may have to take precautions as well.

    Here are some tips on safe driving around large and slow vehicles.

    Dealing with Large Vehicles 

    Large vehicles, such as trucks or buses, are easy to spot but they can be unpredictable on the road. Driving alongside them can be stressful and, if you’re not careful, dangerous.

    Knowing how to navigate around them can offer you a layer of protection (as well as peace of mind) as you’re traveling.

    Here are some things to keep in mind when you’re on the road with a large vehicle.

    Be careful of its blind spots. 

    Compared to a car, large vehicles also have bigger blind spots. Imagine this:

    On the driver’s side, it’s one lane wide and extends halfway to the end of the trailer

    On the passenger’s side, it’s two lanes wide and extends slightly past the end of the trailer

    Approximately 20 feet in front

    About 30 feet behind

    That’s a lot of space where, if you find yourself within those zones, the large vehicle’s driver has no visibility of you. You can choose to move ahead or to slow down, allowing the driver to see you.

    If you need to pass it, do it safely. 

    Large vehicles cannot stop as quickly as smaller cars, so if you need to pass it, you must practice caution. Always use the lane on the left — the driver will find it easier to see you from there.

    Signal clearly in advance and keep a consistent speed as you pass. Once you’ve passed it, wait until you can see the vehicle from your rearview mirror to ensure there’s more than enough distance between you before you rejoin the flow of traffic.

    Keep a stretch between you if you’re driving behind it. 

    If you find yourself behind a large vehicle, such as a big rig, make sure you have ample space in between. The additional distance helps protect you in case you are rear-ended or if you cannot stop in time, you may be pushed underneath the trailer.

    This kind of positioning also provides more reaction time should there be other incidents such as tire blowouts or rollovers. Even if traffic stops, leave space between you and the truck, just in case it begins to roll backward.

    Slow-Moving Vehicles

    Certain slow-moving farm vehicles, construction equipment and animal-drawn vehicles may share our roadways. Use caution and prepare to slow down when approaching and passing slow-moving vehicles from the rear. An orange slow-moving vehicle emblem must be on the rear of certain slow-moving vehicles.

    Closing Speeds

    Normal speeds for slow-moving vehicles may range from 5-20 mph. When a vehicle

    traveling at normal highway speed approaches a slow-moving vehicle from the rear,

    the speed differential will dramatically shorten the time it takes to reach the slow-moving vehicle.

    Turns and Passing

    Slow-moving vehicles may make wide turns and may turn right or left at any time into

    unmarked entrances. When approaching from the rear, stay a safe distance behind the

    vehicle until it is safe to pass, then be certain the driver has seen you and is aware of

    your intent to pass before you begin.

    Large Vehicle Lighting

    When lights are required, a flashing amber signal must be mounted as high as possible

    on the rear of the vehicle. It must be visible for 500 feet in sunlight. Other devices to identify slow-moving vehicles may include reflectors, rotating or oscillating amber lights.

    Lane Usage

    Slower traffic must drive in the right lane. The left lane is for passing and turning. Slow moving vehicles may be wider than the lane width so it may be necessary for these vehicles to temporarily move into an adjoining lane to avoid roadside obstructions.

    VIDEO: Learn About Truck Blind Spots

    Source : www.drive-safely.net

    Large Trucks, Buses, and Emergency Vehicles

    Learn how to share the road with large trucks, buses, and emergency vehicles, and how to manage your vehicle in their presence.

    Large Trucks, Buses, and Emergency Vehicles

    Large Trucks, Buses, and Emergency Vehicles Welcome to our quick and easy driving information guide

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    Home / Driving Information / Sharing the Road with Others / Large Trucks, Buses, and Emergency Vehicles

    To drive safely in the presence of large trucks and avoid collisions, you must be familiar with their physical capabilities and maneuvers. Large trucks take longer to stop than a car traveling at the same speed. Truck drivers often swing wide to complete a right turn, so if you're following a truck, carefully look at its turning signals and consider that the drivers of large commercial vehicles cannot see anything directly behind or beside them. Blind spot areas for truckers include directly in front, directly behind and along each side—especially on the right side of their vehicles. If you cannot see the truck drivers reflection in his or her side mirror, you are in the truck drivers blind spot and they cannot see you. It is extremely dangerous to cut off a truck in traffic or on the highway whether you are trying to reach your exit or turn or beat a truck to a single-lane construction zone.

    Almost the same rules apply to buses. If you're traveling behind a bus, increase your following distance to get a better view. If you're driving behind a school bus, always prepare to stop when lights are flashing. Wait for the vehicle to move and scan before starting your drive again.

    You must yield the right-of-way to a police car, fire engine, ambulance, or other emergency vehicle that uses a siren and flashing lights. Consider that different states have different laws regarding how far away you must stay from an emergency vehicle.

    Trucks Braking Turning Blind Spots Maneuverability Passing

    Buses and Streetcars

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