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    APUSH (Henretta 8th) Ch. 20 reading quiz

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    APUSH (Henretta 8th) Ch. 20 reading...

    APUSH (Henretta 8th) Ch. 20 reading... 41%

    23 11th History Molly Froke 2 years

    10 Qs

    1. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    In which pair is the first event an immediate cause of the second?

    answer choices

    Assassination of James Garfield in 1881 - the Pendleton Civil Service Act

    Sinking of the Lusitania in 1915 - U.S. entry into World War I

    Germany's invasion of Poland in 1939 - U.S. entry into World War II

    Assassination of Alexander Hamilton in 1804 - end of the Federalist Party

    Election of John Adams in 1796 - Twelfth Amendment's adoption

    2. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which of the following was NOT part of the Populist Party’s platform?

    answer choices

    term limits for politicians

    popular election of U.S. senators

    adherence to a gold standard

    a graduated income tax

    institution of a secret ballot

    3. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which of the following best describes the overarching goals of the Populist Party in the late nineteenth century?

    answer choices

    Expansion of United States influence in Central America and access to new international markets

    Cooperative democracy and a stronger governmental role in the economic system

    Social and political reform guided by the idea of the survival of the fittest

    Establishment of a transcontinental network of trains and the improvement of roads in the western United States

    4. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Activists formed the Populist Party most directly in response to the

    answer choices

    rise of monopolies and reduction of wages for industrial workers

    development of reform movements inspired by the Second Great Awakening

    growth of corporate power in agriculture and economic instability in farming

    emergence of concerns about abuses of the environment

    5. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    The political base of the Democratic party in the late nineteenth century lay especially in

    answer choices Midwestern farmers

    the small towns of the Northeast and the South

    big business and those involved in international trade

    northern blacks and Asian immigrants

    the white South and big-city immigrant machines

    6. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    In the election of 1896, the major issue became

    answer choices

    upholding the gold standard vs. the free and unlimited coinage of silver

    enactment of an income tax.

    government programs for those unemployed as a result of the depression

    the rights of farmers and industrial workers

    restoration of protective tariffs

    7. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    “We shall not answer their demands for a gold standard by saying to them, you shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns. You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold.”

    This quotation is associated with which late-19th century leader?

    answer choices Oliver Kelley William McKinley W.E.B. DuBois

    William Jennings Bryan

    Booker T. Washington

    8. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Unlike Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. DuBois advocated

    answer choices

    turning to wealthy white philanthropist for funds to support black causes

    acceptance of segregation as a way of life

    economic opportunity for blacks through individual enterprise rather than politics

    that African Americans should fight for full social equality rather than accept abuse and segregation

    that blacks remain in the South rather than move north

    9. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    To regain the political power that the middle class had lost to the corporate interests, progressives advocated all of the following EXCEPT

    answer choices initiative referendum recall

    direct election of U.S. senators

    socialism 10. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Teddy Roosevelt's New Nationalism referred to the

    answer choices

    need for federal work relief programs

    call for a strong federal government

    granting of more power to state governments

    need for an isolationist foreign policy

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    The Populists (article)

    In the late nineteenth century, a new American political party sprung up to defend the interests of farmers.

    The Gilded Age

    The Populists

    In the late nineteenth century, a new American political party sprung up to defend the interests of farmers.

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    Overview

    The Populists were an agrarian-based political movement aimed at improving conditions for the country’s farmers and agrarian workers. The Populist movement was preceded by the Farmer’s Alliance and the Grange.

    The People’s Party was a political party founded in 1891 by leaders of the Populist movement. It fielded a candidate in the US presidential election of 1892 and garnered 8.5% of the popular vote, which was a substantial amount of support for a third party.

    The Populists allied with the labor movement and were folded into the Democratic Party in 1896, though a small remnant of the People’s Party continued to exist until it was formally disbanded in 1908.

    Agrarian activism in the United States

    Beginning in the late nineteenth century, the nation’s farmers began to organize to defend their interests against what they perceived to be the interests of the Eastern establishment and banking elite. As the number of landless tenant farmers rose, and as the debts of independent farmers skyrocketed due to burdensome loan terms and interest rates from banks, discontent among the nation’s agrarian workers burgeoned.

    In 1876, the Farmer’s Alliance was established in Texas with the goal of ending the crop-lien system that had thrown so many farmers into poverty. The crop-lien system operated in the cotton-growing South, among sharecroppers and tenant farmers, both white and black, who did not own the land that they worked. These workers took out loans to obtain the seed, tools, and other supplies they needed to grow the cotton. After the harvest, they were required to pay back the loans in the form of cotton crops. When cotton prices tanked, these workers were sometimes left with nothing after their crops were collected by creditors.

    ^1 1

    start superscript, 1, end superscript

    Print showing the Farmer's Alliance flag, which features the motto, "The most good for the most people."

    Flag of the Farmer's Alliance. Image courtesy Wikimedia Commons.

    The Farmer’s Alliance was not the only organization that sprang up to defend the nation’s agrarian workers. The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, known as the Grange, was founded in 1868 in New York to advocate on behalf of rural communities. From 1873 to 1875, local chapters of the Grange were established across the country, and membership skyrocketed.

    ^2 2 squared

    This was partly due to the Panic of 1873, a financial crisis that resulted in a number of bank failures and the bankruptcy of several of the nation’s railroads. The Panic of 1873 depressed wages for workers, and the prices of agricultural products plummeted, saddling farmers with massive amounts of debt that they had little hope of paying off.

    ^3 3 cubed

    The People’s Party

    In 1891, the People’s Party (also known as the Populist Party, or the Populists) was formed as a political party representing the interests of the nation’s agricultural sector. The Farmer’s Alliance was a major part of the Populist coalition.

    The People’s Party nominated James B. Weaver, a former US representative from the state of Iowa, as its candidate in the 1892 presidential election. Campaigning on a platform designed to strengthen farmers and weaken the monopolistic power of big business, banks, and railroad corporations, the People’s Party garnered 8.5% of the popular vote, carrying the states of Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, and Nevada.

    Photograph of William Jennings Bryan.

    William Jennings Bryan was the presidential candidate for the Democrats in 1896. Image courtesy Library of Congress.

    Because of the mass appeal of the Populist movement, the Democratic Party began to champion many of its policy goals. In the 1896 presidential election, the Democrats nominated William Jennings Bryan as its candidate, and the Populists agreed to support him. The People’s Party was thus folded into the Democratic Party and began to fade from the national scene.

    The effect of the fusion of the Populist Party and the Democratic Party was a disaster in the South. Though there had always been conflict within the Populist movement about whether African Americans should be included, the Democratic Party in the South was unabashedly racist. Though Bryan performed strongly in the areas of greatest Populist influence, he lost the election to Republican William McKinley.

    ^4 4

    start superscript, 4, end superscript

    The People’s Party continued to function and fielded candidates in both the 1904 and 1908 presidential elections, but the heyday of the party’s influence was over. Although the People’s Party was formally disbanded in 1908, the Progressive movement would take up many of the goals and causes of Populism, including anti-trust legislation, greater federal regulation of private industry, and stronger support for the nation’s agricultural and working classes.

    Source : www.khanacademy.org

    apush period 6 studying Flashcards

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    in decades following the civil war, the policies of the republican party generally favored

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    northern industrial interests

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    Which of the following best describes the overarching goals of the Populist Party in the late nineteenth century?

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    Cooperative democracy and a stronger governmental role in the economic system

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    Terms in this set (14)

    in decades following the civil war, the policies of the republican party generally favored

    northern industrial interests

    Which of the following best describes the overarching goals of the Populist Party in the late nineteenth century?

    Cooperative democracy and a stronger governmental role in the economic system

    Activists formed the Populist Party most directly in response to the

    growth of corporate power in agriculture and economic instability in farming

    Which of the following was a response to both immigration in the 1850s and the immigration depicted in the graph?

    Nativists advocated against the continued arrival of immigrants

    Which of the following was a long-term development that contributed to the change in Chinese immigration depicted in the graph between 1875 and 1885 ?

    Chinese laborers competed with White laborers for jobs and mineral wealth during the 1850s and 1860s.

    Which of the following was a difference between the immigration from 1865 to 1895 depicted in the graph and immigration in the 1840s and 1850s?

    More immigrants in the 1840s and 1850s arrived with cultural practices similar to those of Americans than did the immigrants who arrived between 1865 and 1895.

    Women working in settlement houses such as Hull House initially sought to help

    immigrants adapt to American customs and language

    Settlement house work as described by Muncy had the most in common with women's activism during which of the following earlier periods?

    The second great awakening in the first half of the 1800s

    Which of the following late-nineteenth-century federal actions most directly supported the ideas expressed in the excerpt?

    The sale of land to settlers at low cost

    The fulfillment of advice such as that in the excerpt most directly contributed to which of the following in the late nineteenth century?

    Competition for resources among White settlers and American Indians

    Which of the following most accurately describes a group who acted on ideas such as those in the excerpt?

    Northern European immigrants pursuing mining, farming, and ranching

    which of the following helps to explain the development of railroad transportation as depicted in the graph

    distribution of federal government subsides to railroad corporations

    The Dawes Act (1887) did which of the following?

    Divide the Native American tribal lands into individual holdings

    which of the following arguments about southern society in the late 1800s could the excerpts point of view best be used to support

    ...

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