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    according to the von thünen model, which of the following economic factors determine the pattern of land use shown on the diagram?

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    VonThunen's Land Use Model

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    QUIZ

    VonThunen's Land Use Model

    VonThunen's Land Use Model 64%

    18 9th - 12th Geography Deleted User 3 years

    17 Qs

    1. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    According to Von Thunen's Model, which agricultural zone is closest to the market?

    answer choices Livestock Commercial Grain Milk Shed Forestry 2. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    All of the following are assumptions made in the von Thunen model EXCEPT

    answer choices

    Terrain has forested areas with several small lakes and rivers

    The land is isotropic (flat)

    The city is located centrally within an isolated state

    Soil and climate are the same

    3. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    What geographer suggested that certain crops are grown in direct relation to their distance from the market center?

    answer choices

    Johann Heinrich Von Thunen

    Carl Sauer Thomas Malthus Jon Snow 4. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which of the following is an underlying assumption of von Thunen's model of rural land use?

    answer choices

    The city was its own state

    The city was completely surrounded by water

    Arid climates dominated the outer rings

    Farmers act under a profit driven mindset

    5. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    According to von Thunen model, what costs does a commercial farmer consider MOST when deciding what crops top plant?

    answer choices

    Land cost and transportation cost

    Land cost and crop cost

    Crop cost and transportation cost

    Crop cost and production cost

    6. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Based on von Thunen's model for agriculture and climate, where would we most likely find the branch of agriculture focusing on commercial gardening also known as truck farming?

    answer choices Sub Saharan Africa Central America Southeast Asia

    Southeastern United States

    7. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    According to Von Thunen's Model, which agricultural zone is closest to the market?

    answer choices Livestock Commercial Grain Truck Farming Forestry 8. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    According to the von Thunen model, what type of agricultural practice would locate in the outer most concentric ring?

    answer choices dairy grazing & ranching foresty horticulture 9. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q.

    Who is responsible for this land-use model?

    answer choices Weber Malthus Burgess vonThunen 10. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    At lands use four (4), which would be most likely to be produced?

    answer choices strawberries corn cattle tomatoes blueberries 11. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    At land use one (1), which would be most likely to be produced?

    answer choices strawberries corn cattler soybeans tea 12. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which lists products in the order in which they will be produced starting closest to the market, according to von Thunen's model?

    answer choices

    grain, forest, beef cattle, dairy cattle

    tomatoes, grain, forest, beef cattle

    dairy cattle, beef cattle, forest

    dairy cattle, forest, grain, beef cattle

    forest, tomatoes, beef cattle, dairy cattle

    13. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which aspect of von Thunen's model has changes as a result of developments in transportation?

    answer choices

    the market is no longer at the center

    the width of the rings has increased

    the width of the rings has decreased

    the rings now stretch along rivers

    the model now includes a ring for transportation

    14. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Commercial agriculture consists of _______________.

    answer choices

    a system in which products are consumed by the farmer's household

    a production system which does not use chemical fertilizers or pesticides

    an agricultural system in which production is primarily for sale

    competition among land uses according to rent-paying abilities

    none of the above 15. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Location theory is based on ______________.

    answer choices

    agricultural practices as defined by distance from the market.

    the premise that there is competition between different land uses according to rent-paying abilities.

    the premise that agricultural products are consumed by the farmer's household.

    the idea that there is one central market.

    all of the above. 16. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which factor is allowed to vary in von Thunen's agricultural location theory?

    answer choices

    Physical environment

    Number of central markets

    Distance between market and city

    Source : quizizz.com

    AP Human Geography Review

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    AP Human Geography Review - Unit Five

    5.0 1 Review

    Which of the following best explains why farmers would plant both strawberries and watermelons in the same field?

    A. Limited farmland encourages intensive farming and monocropping to produce high yields.

    B. Unlimited farmland encourages intensive farming with intercropping to produce high yields.

    C. Unlimited farmland encourages extensive farming with intercropping to produce high yields.

    D. Limited farmland encourages extensive farming with monocropping to produce high yields.

    E. Limited farmland encourages intensive farming with intercropping to produce high yields.

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    E. Limited farmland encourages intensive farming with intercropping to produce high yields.

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    Which of the following forms of agriculture would best be described as extensive farming?

    A. Citrus production and vineyards to produce table grapes

    B. Dairy and poultry farming

    C. Truck farming and hothouses to produce vegetables

    D. Cattle ranching and wheat farming

    E. Floral horticulture and tree nurseries

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    D. Cattle ranching and wheat farming

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    1/51 Created by kathanna5454 For studying

    Terms in this set (51)

    Which of the following best explains why farmers would plant both strawberries and watermelons in the same field?

    A. Limited farmland encourages intensive farming and monocropping to produce high yields.

    B. Unlimited farmland encourages intensive farming with intercropping to produce high yields.

    C. Unlimited farmland encourages extensive farming with intercropping to produce high yields.

    D. Limited farmland encourages extensive farming with monocropping to produce high yields.

    E. Limited farmland encourages intensive farming with intercropping to produce high yields.

    E. Limited farmland encourages intensive farming with intercropping to produce high yields.

    Which of the following forms of agriculture would best be described as extensive farming?

    A. Citrus production and vineyards to produce table grapes

    B. Dairy and poultry farming

    C. Truck farming and hothouses to produce vegetables

    D. Cattle ranching and wheat farming

    E. Floral horticulture and tree nurseries

    D. Cattle ranching and wheat farming

    During the Green Revolution, agricultural practices from more developed countries diffused to less developed countries in Asia and Africa. Which of the following best explains the Green Revolution's highly variable level of success in increasing agricultural yields?

    A. The increased yield of the Green Revolution in sub-Saharan Africa decreased the incidence of famine, but the program was unsuccessful in India because of poor soil quality.

    B. Small-scale farmers in Asia often lacked the resources necessary to acquire the hybrid seeds and the chemical inputs to grow them, leaving large gaps in the success of the Green Revolution outside of urban cores.

    C. The Green Revolution was not successful in China because the strain of rice produced was prone to widespread crop failures, and China dropped out of the program.

    D. Rice production surpassed all other crop production in sub-Saharan Africa, but corn production in Mexico was less successful because of the negative impact on the environment.

    E. Persistent famine has occurred in India since new technologies associated with the Green Revolution were implemented because only the wealthy could afford the increased cost of the improved strains of rice.

    B. Small-scale farmers in Asia often lacked the resources necessary to acquire the hybrid seeds and the chemical inputs to grow them, leaving large gaps in the success of the Green Revolution outside of urban cores.

    Between 1950 and 1990, wheat production in India in average pounds per acre more than tripled, which allowed India to meet its population's need for food. Which of the following best explains this change?

    A. The elimination of poverty in India's rural regions

    B. The use of genetically modified seeds

    C. The increase in microloan programs that provide farmers with credit

    D. The use of large farm tractors and combine harvesters

    E. The use of improved plant hybrids and agricultural chemicals

    E. The use of improved plant hybrids and agricultural chemicals

    In less developed countries, pesticides are typically applied by hand, whereas pesticides are typically applied by tractors or aircraft in more developed countries. Which of the following best explains the risks associated with pesticide applications?

    A. Crop dusters are at risk when applying pesticides with aircraft in more developed countries, whereas environmental pollution is a risk in less developed countries.

    B. Farm animals used to plow fields are at risk from pesticides in more developed countries, whereas environmental pollution is a risk is less developed countries.

    C. Farmers' health is at risk in less developed countries, whereas environmental pollution is a risk in more developed countries.

    D. Crops are at risk in more developed countries, whereas environmental pollution is a risk in less developed countries.

    E. Contract harvesters are at risk in more developed countries, whereas environmental pollution is a risk in less developed countries.

    Source : quizlet.com

    Von Thünen Model of Agricultural Land Use

    German geographer Johann Heinrich von Thünen created one of the first geographical models related to agricultural land use.

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    Von Thünen Model of Agricultural Land Use

    Mark Altaweel | December 16, 2020 | Agricultural Geography

    Agricultural is an economic activity that can be found practiced all around the world. German geographer Johann Heinrich von Thünen created one of the first geographical models related to agricultural land use.

    The von Thünen model of agricultural land use was created in 1826, which was initially developed prior to major industrialization found in Europe and elsewhere.

    Johann Heinrich Von Thünen (24 June 1783 – 22 September 1850) was a farmer, landowner, and economic who created perhaps the first known spatial economic model on land rent using observations he had experienced. It was in the first book of his treatise The Isolated State (1826), that Von Thünen established the first major discussion of spatial economics and economic geography, linking it to the rent theory.

    The von Thünen agricultural model was an attempt to answer the problem of balancing the cost of land rents with the most effective crops to grow.

    Portrait of J. H. von Thünen by Wilhelm Ternite. Black and white photograph of the painting. The original portrait hangs in the Thünen-Museum-Tellow in Mecklenberg, Germany

    Von Thünen’s Model and Assumptions

    Created before industrialization, Von Thünen’s key assumptions in the classical model are:

    1) a city is centrally located in an “isolated state,”

    2) one of the surrounding areas around a town is wilderness,

    3) land is generally flat,

    4) soil quality and climate are consistent,

    5) farmers transport goods to a market using mainly carts, and

    6) farmers behave rationally in choosing where to conduct their activities.

    There are generally four main circles around the city that consist, from nearest to a town and moving outwards, of:  1) intense farming, 2) forest lands, 3) extensive farming, and 4) grazing. Rent prices for land are high near a city. The model generally explains variation of land rent and market activity of a region around towns.

    While in many respects the model seems out of date, and not to mention focused heavily on a limited type of town or city with a surrounding landscape more reminiscent of central Europe, there are key concepts relevant for modern spatial economics.

    For one, distance to market for given goods does have a relationship with profitability, which von Thünen’s model demonstrates clearly. This makes the model broadly applicable for products created near a market, showing that products made near a town have a potential to be more profitable, although even here a modern globalized world means for given products distant labor could lower prices.

    In addition to grain agriculture, the theory does have applicability to modern grazing land use practices. For instance in Brazil, it was found that land use near marketplaces that prioritized meat production led to more intense land use and higher demand for forested land, leading to greater deforestation near cities in particular.[1]

    A diverse agricultural landscape in the western part of Minas Gerais state in Brazil. Sunflowers, wheat, potatoes, coffee, rice, soybeans, and corn are among the products of the region. Photo: International Space Station, NASA, public domain.

    Similarly, land use intensification does appear to have a relationship in countries where agriculture and grazing play a prominent role in the economy.[2] Other forestry models have also found applicability of von Thünen’s ideas in balancing land management and determining economic benefit from forestry, where rental income can be combined with ecosystem service models to create more sustainable forestry production models.[3]

    While the applicability of the classic von Thünen model appears, at times, relevant for different contexts, in general, and particularly for highly industrial economies, modifications of the classical model have become the norm. This includes the use of multivariate and multi-scale approaches that also incorporate varied topography rather than pure flat regions. Such approaches account for varied economic use as well as connectivity of towns with the wider regional and global economy.[4] Heterogeneous agents affecting land use practices and events, while hierarchical formation and development of urban systems, have become key focus areas today for spatial economists in helping to explain urban and landscape dynamics.[5]

    Interestingly, von Thünen’s classical land use model has applicability to different contexts found today. While that is the case, there are also multiple limitations to von Thünen’s ideas that modern land use economic models attempt to address. The longevity of the model, and the fact it is often still used as a basis of analysis, does make it not only the first true spatial economic model but it continues to inspire researchers to develop methods that address its limitations.

    References

    [1]    For more on a recent use of von Thünen concepts on land use practices in modern grazing in Brazil, see:  Fontes, F., Palmer, C., 2018. “Land Sparing” in a von Thünen Framework: Theory and Evidence from Brazil. Land Economics 94, 556–576. https://doi.org/10.3368/le.94.4.556.

    [2]    For more on land use effects using von Thünen concepts in Mozambique , see:  Smith, H.E., Ryan, C.M., Vollmer, F., Woollen, E., Keane, A., Fisher, J.A., Baumert, S., Grundy, I.M., Carvalho, M., Lisboa, S.N., Luz, A.C., Zorrilla-Miras, P., Patenaude, G., Ribeiro, N., Artur, L., Mahamane, M., 2019. Impacts of land use intensification on human wellbeing: Evidence from rural Mozambique. Global Environmental Change 59, 101976. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.101976.

    Source : www.geographyrealm.com

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