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    according to the declaration of independence, what was an unalienable right that all governments should protect?

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    Declaration of Independence: A Transcription

    Note: The following text is a transcription of the Stone Engraving of the parchment Declaration of Independence (the document on display in the Rotunda at the National Archives Museum.) The spelling and punctuation reflects the original.

    Declaration of Independence: A Transcription

    Note: The following text is a transcription of the Stone Engraving of the parchment Declaration of Independence (the document on display in the Rotunda at the National Archives Museum.) The spelling and punctuation reflects the original.

    In Congress, July 4, 1776The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America, When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

    We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.--Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.

    He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

    He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

    He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

    He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

    He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.

    He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.

    He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

    He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.

    He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

    He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance.

    He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.

    He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.

    He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:

    For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:

    For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:

    For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world:

    For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:

    For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury:

    For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences

    For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:

    For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments:

    Source : www.archives.gov

    The Declaration, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights

    Essay

    The Declaration, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights

    by Jeffrey Rosen and David Rubenstein

    At the National Constitution Center, you will find rare copies of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights. These are the three most important documents in American history. But why are they important, and what are their similarities and differences? And how did each document, in turn, influence the next in America’s ongoing quest for liberty and equality?

    There are some clear similarities among the three documents. All have preambles. All were drafted by people of similar backgrounds, generally educated white men of property. The Declaration and Constitution were drafted by a congress and a convention that met in the Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia (now known as Independence Hall) in 1776 and 1787 respectively. The Bill of Rights was proposed by the Congress that met in Federal Hall in New York City in 1789. Thomas Jefferson was the principal drafter of the Declaration and James Madison of the Bill of Rights; Madison, along with Gouverneur Morris and James Wilson, was also one of the principal architects of the Constitution.

    Most importantly, the Declaration, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights are based on the idea that all people have certain fundamental rights that governments are created to protect. Those rights include common law rights, which come from British sources like the Magna Carta, or natural rights, which, the Founders believed, came from God. The Founders believed that natural rights are inherent in all people by virtue of their being human and that certain of these rights are unalienable, meaning they cannot be surrendered to government under any circumstances.

    At the same time, the Declaration, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights are different kinds of documents with different purposes. The Declaration was designed to justify breaking away from a government; the Constitution and Bill of Rights were designed to establish a government. The Declaration stands on its own—it has never been amended—while the Constitution has been amended 27 times. (The first ten amendments are called the Bill of Rights.) The Declaration and Bill of Rights set limitations on government; the Constitution was designed both to create an energetic government and also to constrain it. The Declaration and Bill of Rights reflect a fear of an overly centralized government imposing its will on the people of the states; the Constitution was designed to empower the central government to preserve the blessings of liberty for “We the People of the United States.” In this sense, the Declaration and Bill of Rights, on the one hand, and the Constitution, on the other, are mirror images of each other.

    Despite these similarities and differences, the Declaration, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights are, in many ways, fused together in the minds of Americans, because they represent what is best about America. They are symbols of the liberty that allows us to achieve success and of the equality that ensures that we are all equal in the eyes of the law. The Declaration of Independence made certain promises about which liberties were fundamental and inherent, but those liberties didn’t become legally enforceable until they were enumerated in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. In other words, the fundamental freedoms of the American people were alluded to in the Declaration of Independence, implicit in the Constitution, and enumerated in the Bill of Rights. But it took the Civil War, which President Lincoln in the Gettysburg Address called “a new birth of freedom,” to vindicate the Declaration’s famous promise that “all men are created equal.” And it took the 14th Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1868 after the Civil War, to vindicate James Madison’s initial hope that not only the federal government but also the states would be constitutionally required to respect fundamental liberties guaranteed in the Bill of Rights—a process that continues today.

    Why did Jefferson draft the Declaration of Independence?

    When the Second Continental Congress convened in Philadelphia in 1775, it was far from clear that the delegates would pass a resolution to separate from Great Britain. To persuade them, someone needed to articulate why the Americans were breaking away. Congress formed a committee to do just that; members included John Adams from Massachusetts, Benjamin Franklin from Pennsylvania, Roger Sherman from Connecticut, Roger Livingston from New York, and Thomas Jefferson from Virginia, who at age 33 was one of the youngest delegates.

    Although Jefferson disputed his account, John Adams later recalled that he had persuaded Jefferson to write the draft because Jefferson had the fewest enemies in Congress and was the best writer. (Jefferson would have gotten the job anyway—he was elected chair of the committee.) Jefferson had 17 days to produce the document and reportedly wrote a draft in a day or two. In a rented room not far from the State House, he wrote the Declaration with few books and pamphlets beside him, except for a copy of George Mason’s Virginia Declaration of Rights and the draft Virginia Constitution, which Jefferson had written himself.

    The Declaration of Independence has three parts. It has a preamble, which later became the most famous part of the document but at the time was largely ignored. It has a second part that lists the sins of the King of Great Britain, and it has a third part that declares independence from Britain and that all political connections between the British Crown and the “Free and Independent States” of America should be totally dissolved.

    Source : constitutioncenter.org

    Declaration of Independence

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    QUIZ

    Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence 75%

    179 6th - 8th 6th - 8th History Augusta Koroma 4 years

    58 Qs

    1. Multiple-choice 45 seconds

    Q. Who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence?

    answer choices Benjamin Franklin Samuel Adams Thomas Jefferson Paul Revere 2. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q. The Preamble is...

    answer choices

    in the beginning of the Declaration...

    the conclusion. in the middle.

    not in the Declaration.

    3. Multiple-choice 45 seconds

    Q. According to the Declaration of Independence, what truth was "self-evident"?

    answer choices

    All men are created equal

    Rights are given by good kings

    Government exists to protect us from ourselves

    Only a democracy can protect our rights

    4. Multiple-choice 45 seconds

    Q. The words self-evident means what?

    answer choices confusing obvious wrong self-aware 5. Multiple-choice 45 seconds

    Q. What are our natural rights according to Jefferson?  (He got the idea from John Locke, but he changed the last right.)

    answer choices

    Freedom of speech, religion, and press

    Life, liberty, and property

    Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

    Voting, rebelling, and health

    6. Multiple-choice 45 seconds

    Q. According to the Declaration of Independence, where does government get its power?

    answer choices From the King

    From the Supreme Court

    From God From the people 7. Multiple-choice 45 seconds

    Q. Why was the Declaration of Independence written?

    answer choices

    To stop taxes from the British Empire.

    To make a United States army.

    To gain independence from the British Empire

    To install their own king in America

    8. Multiple-choice 45 seconds

    Q. The List of Grievances were the part of the Declaration that

    answer choices

    detailed the colonists' complaints with King George.

    listed a man's natural rights.

    introduced the Declaration.

    concluded the Declaration, declaring America a free country.

    9. Multiple-choice 1 minute

    Q. Why is July 4, 1776 an important date in U.S. history?

    answer choices

    Common Sense was published.

    The Olive Branch Petition sent to King George III.

    The American Revolution ends.

    The Declaration of Independence is signed.

    10. Multiple-choice 1 minute

    Q. To Great Britain, the signing of the Declaration of Independence was

    answer choices an act of loyalty. an act of treason. an act of bravery. an act of insanity. 11. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q. According to the Declaration of Independence, what was an “unalienable right” that all governments should protect?

    answer choices

    The right to social equality

    The right to elect government officials

    The right to religious equality

    The right to personal liberty

    12. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q. Which statement best describes the role of government according to the Declaration of Independence?

    answer choices

    “The main purpose of government is to expand and glorify the state”

    “The main purpose of government is to protect the unalienable rights of individuals”

    “The main purpose of government is to protect the rights and privileges of His Majesty, the King”

    “The main purpose of government is to promote the general welfare of the community by taking steps toward social equality”

    13. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q. Thomas Jefferson was inspired by a famous man of the Enlightenment.  His name was...?

    answer choices William Penn Roger Sherman John Locke Robert Livingston 14. Multiple-choice 2 minutes

    Q. When Thomas Jefferson copied John Locke's ideas about the social contract, what did he say the people had the right to do to a government who was not protecting the people's rights?

    answer choices Write a letter

    Suggest how it could be better

    Wait until they started to respect the people's rights

    Abolish it 15. Multiple-choice 30 seconds

    Q. What country did The United States declare independence from?

    answer choices Britain France Spain Belgium 16. Multiple-choice 1 minute

    Q. To Great Britain, the signing of the Declaration of Independence was

    answer choices an act of loyalty. an act of treason. an act of bravery. an act of insanity.

    Source : quizizz.com

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