if you want to remove an article from website contact us from top.

    according to legend who brought the croissant to france?

    James

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

    get according to legend who brought the croissant to france? from EN Bilgi.

    [Solved] According to legend who brought the croissant to France?

    The Quiz: According to legend who brought the croissant to France? François Boucher Napoleon Bonaparte Marie Antoinette Madame de Pompadour The correct answer to this quiz is Marie Antoinette.

    POSTED ON

    JULY 1, 2022 BY CARLA

    [Solved] According to legend who brought the croissant to France?

    The Quiz: According to legend who brought the croissant to France?

    François Boucher Napoleon Bonaparte Marie Antoinette Madame de Pompadour

    The correct answer to this quiz is Marie Antoinette.

    Source : www.riddlesanswer.com

    Answer: According to legend who brought the croissant to France?

    Which, where, what, trivia, question, answers, riddle

    POSTED ON

    JULY 1, 2022 BY MERY99

    Answer: According to legend who brought the croissant to France?

    The Question: According to legend who brought the croissant to France?

    François Boucher Napoleon Bonaparte Marie Antoinette Madame de Pompadour

    The correct answer is Marie Antoinette.

    Source : answerriddle.com

    Is the Croissant Really French?

    A brief history of the croissant – from kipfel to Cronut

    ARTS & CULTURE

    Smithsonian Journeys Travel Quarterly: Paris

    Is the Croissant Really French?

    A brief history of the croissant – from kipfel to Cronut

    Amanda Fiegl April 30, 2015

    One bite of a croissant just pulled from the oven at Michel Lyczak’s bakery in the southern Parisian suburb of Malakoff is bliss: a satisfying crunch and scattering of crumbs, the indulgent mouthfeel of butter wrapped in the overwhelming sensation of lightness. Few foods are as culturally iconic as this flaky breakfast food, so quintessentially French that many English speakers defer to its native pronunciation (krwa-sohn).

    Yet as recently as the 19th century, the French viewed the croissant as a foreign novelty, sold only in special Viennese bakeries in the pricier parts of Paris. And how it came to France in the first place remains obscured by layer upon layer of legend.

    Report an ad

    Experts do agree that the croissant was inspired by the Austrian kipfel, a crescent-shaped baked good featuring a generous amount of butter or lard and sometimes sugar and almonds. According to popular lore, the kipfel originated in 1683 as a comestible celebration of Austrian victory over the Ottomans at the siege of Vienna. The story follows that a baker, up early to make bread, saved the city when he heard the Turks tunneling underneath the city and sounded an alarm. The kipfel’s curved shape, said to mimic the crescent moon of the Ottoman flag, then would seem to pay poetic tribute to the indomitable spirit of a city that resisted a powerful invading force. (Conveniently, another legend holds that the cappuccino was invented almost simultaneously, inspired by the strong Turkish coffee gained in the spoils of war.)

    This article is a selection from our new Smithsonian Journeys Travel Quarterly

    In its inaugural issue, Smithsonian Journeys quarterly takes you to Paris for an intriguing look at the history and culture of the City of Lights. Stroll the streets and learn the surprising ways that past meets present through food, architecture, the arts, local customs and more.

    But the kipfel existed long before the Ottoman siege of Vienna. A poem mentions it as one of the Christmas treats that Viennese bakers presented to Duke Leopold in 1227. Moon-shaped breads in general date back centuries earlier.

    Does the croissant’s Austrian ancestry belie its French fame? Of course not, says Jim Chevallier, an independent scholar and author of a book on croissant history.

    “The croissant began as the Austrian kipfel but became French the moment people began to make it with puffed pastry, which is a French innovation,” says Chevallier. “It has fully taken root in its adopted land.” Order a kipfel in Austria or Germany today and you’ll likely be handed a crescent-shaped cookie.

    Report an ad

    Legend credits the French queen Marie Antoinette—homesick for a taste of her native Vienna—with introducing the kipfel, and thus the croissant, to France. But Chevallier sees no evidence to support this notion.

    “I find this surprising,” he says, “since she received as much attention in her time as the Kardashians and Taylor Swift do today.” No references to the croissant appeared in France before approximately 1850. The historical evidence pointed instead to an Austrian entrepreneur named August Zang, who opened the first Viennese bakery in Paris in 1838, located at 92 Rue Richelieu on the Right Bank. Zang’s knack for marketing through newspaper advertising and elaborate window displays had Parisians flocking to his establishment to sample his Vienna bread, kaiser rolls, and kipfel. His patented steam oven used moist hay to give the pastries a lustrous sheen, notes Chevallier.

    Zang sold his bakery a few years later, moved back to Austria, and founded the country’s first daily newspaper, amassing a fortune in the banking and mining industries. His ornate tomb in Vienna’s central cemetery makes no mention of his brief but significant foray into the baking business. But Parisians had not forgotten Zang’s scrumptious pastry—and a host of imitators sprang up. According to 19th-century French journalist Hervé de Kerohant, there were already at least a dozen “makers of Viennese bread, employing one hundred workers,” in Paris by 1840. A star was born.

    Within a few decades, the newcomer was firmly entrenched as a staple of French breakfast foods. On a visit to Paris in 1872–73, Charles Dickens praised “the dainty croissant on the boudoir table” and bemoaned the comparatively “dismal monotony” of English bread and other breakfast foods.

    A century later, the croissant took the fast-food industry by storm as manufacturers introduced pre-made frozen dough and takeaway “croissanteries” cropped up throughout France. The baked-goods corporation Sara Lee introduced a frozen croissant to America in 1981, which soon outpaced its famous pound cakes in sales. Burger King, Arby’s, and other fast-food chains followed with croissant breakfast sandwiches and savory stuffed croissants. As a 1984 New York Times article declared, “The Americanization of the croissant” had begun.

    Perhaps in the most sincere form of flattery—or just poor culinary judgment—the croissant has morphed into almost unrecognizable American creations. At Manhattan’s Dominique Ansel Bakery customers queue up by the hundreds for a taste of Cronuts (doughnuts made with croissant dough), while at City Bakery “pretzel croissants” have a cult following. Crumbs bakery chain has launched the croissant’s most recent incarnation, the “baissant,” or bagel croissant.

    Source : www.smithsonianmag.com

    Do you want to see answer or more ?
    James 3 month ago
    4

    Guys, does anyone know the answer?

    Click For Answer