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    a person starts from one point and comes up with many different ideas or possibilities based on that point. the person is engaging in __________ thinking.


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    Cognition and Intelligence Review

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    Cognition and Intelligence Review

    Cognition and Intelligence Review 79%

    7 11th Social Studies Jennifer Knoxville 3 years

    15 Qs

    1. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    You ask a student to describe the path to his dorm room. The most likely way in which he will do this is to ________.

    answer choices

    recite a rote list of directions he memorized

    give you the GPS location of his dorm room

    walk through a mental image of the path and describe it to you as he does it

    draw a map on a sheet of paper

    none of these 2. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    In Kosslyn’s “imaginary island” study, researchers found that it does take longer to view a mental image that ________.

    answer choices

    is larger or covers more distance than one that is smaller and more compact

    has more items in it

    has more colors in it

    contains more animals than plants

    contains living things as compared to nonliving items

    3. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Concepts are ideas that represent ________.

    answer choices

    patterns of behavior

    a class or category of objects, events, or activities

    higher-order conditioning

    secondary reinforcers

    none of these 4. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Which is the most likely prototype for the concept “vehicle”?

    answer choices glider moped car scooter bicycle 5. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    What systematic problem-solving method guarantees a solution, provided that one exists?

    answer choices heuristic method algorithmic method mnemonic device chunking method cognitive shortcut 6. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    What problem-solving strategies don’t guarantee solutions but make efficient use of time?

    answer choices heuristics algorithms mnemonic devices logarithms cognitive shortcuts 7. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    An advantage of using a heuristic over an algorithm is ________.

    answer choices

    the heuristic ensures a correct answer

    the heuristic takes longer and is more accurate

    the heuristic can be quicker

    the heuristic always works the same way

    the heuristic makes use of divergent thinking

    8. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    A seemingly arbitrary flash “out of the blue,” through which the solution to a problem suddenly becomes apparent to you, but you do not consciously know how you “figured it out,” is called ________.

    answer choices brainstorming priming transformation insight mental set 9. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Köhler demonstrated “Aha!” or insight behavior with ________.

    answer choices rats birds dogs cats chimpanzees 10. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Riley has figured out how to unlock his bedroom door with a paper clip. What has he most likely overcome in his new use of the paper clip?

    answer choices

    functional fixedness

    the representational problem

    the representative heuristic

    divergent thinking

    the confirmation bias

    11. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    The tendency to perceive and approach problems in the same ways that have worked in the past is called ________.

    answer choices mental set means-end analysis

    noncompensatory modeling

    functional fixedness

    prototypical idealization

    12. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    The concept of the confirmation bias specifically assumes that we are most likely to believe ________.

    answer choices

    the scientific method as true

    information that agrees with our thinking

    insights over focused thinking

    information that refutes our thinking

    logical thinking 13. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    The ability to solve problems by combining behaviors and ideas in new ways is called ________.

    answer choices insight heuristics creativity latent learning

    functional fixedness

    14. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    A person starts from one point and comes up with many different ideas or possibilities based on that point. The person is engaging in ________.

    answer choices functional thinking circular thinking latent thinking convergent thinking divergent thinking 15. Multiple-choice 30 seconds Q.

    Researchers typically stress that a key aspect of intelligence is ________.

    answer choices

    the ability to speak different languages

    the Y chromosome

    the ability to adapt to new situations

    only accurate for males

    the ability to perform complex mathematics

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    Ch 7: Cognition quiz Flashcards

    Start studying Ch 7: Cognition quiz. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

    Ch 7: Cognition quiz

    What are mental categories representing activities, objects, qualities, or situations that share some common characteristics?

    Click card to see definition 👆


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    The tendency to perceive and approach problems in the same ways that have worked in the past is called

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    Mental set

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    1/20 Created by alannaolton

    Terms in this set (20)

    What are mental categories representing activities, objects, qualities, or situations that share some common characteristics?


    The tendency to perceive and approach problems in the same ways that have worked in the past is called

    Mental set

    What type of thinking could be described as taking different directions in search of a variety of answers to a question?


    The ability to learn from one's experiences, acquire knowledge, and use resources effectively when faced with challenges or problems is the psychologist's working definition of


    Alfred Binet designed this first test


    Poor nutrition and medical care, poor living conditions (older, cheaper buildings often have lead paint on the walls), and a lack of intellectual support are thought to lead to

    Familial retardation

    The term Terman's Termites refers to

    A sample of gifted children who were studied and followed into adulthood

    What is true about language?

    •It is symbolic

    •It can be written, spoken, or signed

    •It is capable of an infinite set of meaningful utterances

    Researchers have found that ____ influenced by culture

    Both language and thought are

    Research has shown that people who regularly work crossword puzzles, take classes, read, and stay mentally active are less likely to develop ____ than whose who fail to use their minds

    Senile dementia

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    Which of the following is an example of a self-fulfilling prophecy? a. David has had trouble in math in the past, so in his new math class he gives up on the first day. b. Ivy does not think her teacher has treated her fairly so she complains to her principal. c. Samuel's teacher puts him in a group with struggling students, and Samuel, normally a good student, responds by doing very poor work. The next week he is placed in the same group. d. Rachel writes a letter to the editor about her concerns with the city council, and as a result her social studies teacher praises her in class. e. Nyah's father takes her out of an advanced class because she is struggling at first, but she responds by working even harder and making better grades in all of her classes.

    Verified answer PSYCHOLOGY

    What factors might account for overeating at holiday dinners, such as Thanksgiving?

    Verified answer QUESTION

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    Chapter 16. Group Facilitation and Problem

    Learn how to effectively conduct a critical conversation about a particular topic, or topics, that allows participation by all members of your organization.

    Section 4. Techniques for Leading Group Discussions

    Main Section Checklist Tools PowerPoint

    Learn how to effectively conduct a critical conversation about a particular topic, or topics, that allows participation by all members of your organization.






    A local coalition forms a task force to address the rising HIV rate among teens in the community.  A group of parents meets to wrestle with their feeling that their school district is shortchanging its students.  A college class in human services approaches the topic of dealing with reluctant participants.  Members of an environmental group attend a workshop on the effects of global warming.  A politician convenes a “town hall meeting” of constituents to brainstorm ideas for the economic development of the region.  A community health educator facilitates a smoking cessation support group.

    All of these might be examples of group discussions, although they have different purposes, take place in different locations, and probably run in different ways.  Group discussions are common in a democratic society, and, as a community builder, it’s more than likely that you have been and will continue to be involved in many of them.  You also may be in a position to lead one, and that’s what this section is about.  In this last section of a chapter on group facilitation, we’ll examine what it takes to lead a discussion group well, and how you can go about doing it.


    The literal definition of a group discussion is obvious: a critical conversation about a particular topic, or perhaps a range of topics, conducted in a group of a size that allows participation by all members.  A group of two or three generally doesn’t need a leader to have a good discussion, but once the number reaches five or six, a leader or facilitator can often be helpful.  When the group numbers eight or more, a leader or facilitator, whether formal or informal, is almost always helpful in ensuring an effective discussion.

    A group discussion is a type of meeting, but it differs from the formal meetings in a number of ways:

    It may not have a specific goal – many group discussions are just that: a group kicking around ideas on a particular topic.  That may lead to a goal ultimately...but it may not.

    It’s less formal, and may have no time constraints, or structured order, or agenda.

    Its leadership is usually less directive than that of a meeting.

    It emphasizes process (the consideration of ideas) over product (specific tasks to be accomplished within the confines of the meeting itself.

    Leading a discussion group is not the same as running a meeting.  It’s much closer to acting as a facilitator, but not exactly the same as that either.

    An effective group discussion generally has a number of elements:

    All members of the group have a chance to speak, expressing their own ideas and feelings freely, and to pursue and finish out their thoughts

    All members of the group can hear others’ ideas and feelings stated openly

    Group members can safely test out ideas that are not yet fully formed

    Group members can receive and respond to respectful but honest and constructive feedback.  Feedback could be positive, negative, or merely clarifying or correcting factual questions or errors, but is in all cases delivered respectfully.

    A variety of points of view are put forward and discussed

    The discussion is not dominated by any one person

    Arguments, while they may be spirited, are based on the content of ideas and opinions, not on personalities

    Even in disagreement, there’s an understanding that the group is working together to resolve a dispute, solve a problem, create a plan, make a decision, find principles all can agree on, or come to a conclusion from which it can move on to further discussion

    Many group discussions have no specific purpose except the exchange of ideas and opinions.  Ultimately, an effective group discussion is one in which many different ideas and viewpoints are heard and considered.  This allows the group to accomplish its purpose if it has one, or to establish a basis either for ongoing discussion or for further contact and collaboration among its members.

    There are many possible purposes for a group discussion, such as:

    Create a new situation – form a coalition, start an initiative, etc.

    Explore cooperative or collaborative arrangements among groups or organizations

    Discuss and/or analyze an issue, with no specific goal in mind but understanding

    Create a strategic plan – for an initiative, an advocacy campaign, an intervention, etc.

    Discuss policy and policy change

    Air concerns and differences among individuals or groups

    Hold public hearings on proposed laws or regulations, development, etc.

    Decide on an action

    Provide mutual support

    Solve a problem Resolve a conflict

    Plan your work or an event

    Possible leadership styles of a group discussion also vary.  A group leader or facilitator might be directive or non-directive; that is, she might try to control what goes on to a large extent; or she might assume that the group should be in control, and that her job is to facilitate the process.  In most group discussions, leaders who are relatively non-directive make for a more broad-ranging outlay of ideas, and a more satisfying experience for participants.

    Source : ctb.ku.edu

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    James 9 month ago

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