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    a motorboat and a pwc are approaching head-on. what action should be taken?

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    Motorboat And A PWC Are Approaching Head

    Motorboat And A PWC Are Approaching Head-On, What Action Should Be Taken? Some Guidelines For Encountering Other Vessels On The Water.

    Motorboat And A PWC Are Approaching Head-On: What Action Should Be Taken?

    October 21, 2021 by Jack Armstrong

    When you meet another vessel on the sea, it is necessary that you know what to do in order to prevent an accident. Just as it is with road safety rules and regulations, navigating the ocean also requires certain guidelines.

    Being well informed of these guidelines is necessary so as to be prepared upon encountering another vessel at sea. Many craft operators are ignorant of these guidelines. That is why it is important you know them, so as to avoid unnecessary mishaps.

    When A Motorboat Encounters A PWC, What Is The Next Step To Take?

    This is a common exam question for those who take the Boat Safety Education course. The answer to this is that each vessel should veer off to its right side, speed up, keep its course until they are very close by, and then the vessel coming from the left (port) side should reduce its speed and give way for the other vessel coming from the right (starboard) side to pass on.

    Motorboat And A PWC Are Approaching Head-On, What Action Should Be Taken?

    Some Guidelines For Encountering Other Vessels On The Water. There are a few essential rules the captain of every vessel should know, in order to expertly navigate the waters.

    The vessels with right-of-passage

    These are also called stand-on vessels; These are vessels that keep their speed and do not alter their direction when they come in contact with another vessel at sea.

    They must act in accordance with the rules assigned to stand-on vessels until the intersection is passed, except a precarious situation presents itself.

    The give-way vessels

    These are vessels that have to stand by; reduce their speed and alter their directions when they come across another vessel at sea. They come from the port or left side of the intersection.

    When an interaction occurs, these vessels are to adhere to the rules that are assigned to vessels that give way, and send a signal to the other vessel to proceed, while looking for a way to safely navigate around the oncoming craft.

    Should A PWC Give Way For A Motorboat?

    When a PWC & a motorboat meet, there are certain rules to follow; This is because a PWC is often regarded as a motorboat hence, the rules that apply to motorboats are also applicable to them. These rules are:

    In the occurrence of a PWC & a motorboat meeting, since they are both motorboats, they are both to move to their individual right sides, and pass by each other according to regular traffic rules.

    If an event occurs, such that a PWC seeks to cut across the path of an oncoming motorboat, two things take place. First, if the PWC is coming from the right side, then it is by rule allowed the right of passage, and therefore should stay its course and speed.Whereas, if it’s coming from the port side, which is the left side, then it has to reduce its speed, send a signal to the oncoming craft to pass on, and safely find a way to navigate around the other boat.

    Overtaking is allowed on the waters. If one boat seeks to overtake another, it can achieve this from whatever side of the boat it wants to, be it the port or the starboard side.Before overtaking, however, the vessel that wishes to overtake the other should signify with a horn blast. Upon which, if there are no obstacles, then, the vessel being overtaken should also give a signal with a blast for the overtaking vessel to carry on.

    However, this is for when the overtaking vessel wants to do so from the right side. But, if it wants to do so from the left (port) side, then it must signal with two horn blasts.

    After which, if the left side is free, then the vessel to be overtaken must respond back with two horn blasts signifying for the overtaking vessel to carry on.

    Precautions To Take Upon Encountering A Sailboat At Sea.

    If your craft is a PWC or a motorboat, then, when you come across a sailboat on the sea, it is according to rules that you make way for them, especially when they plan to overtake your boat.

    There are some guidelines that point out which vessel has the right of passage and which doesn’t. Keep these guidelines always on your mind when at sea.

    On this list, vessels listed near the top have the right of way, while those nearer the end of the list have to give way for other vessels to pass by.

    A vessel that wants to overtake.

    A vessel that is unmanned.

    A craft that cannot be easily maneuvered.

    Draft-constrained crafts

    Fishing boats containing fishing equipment

    Sailboats Powerboats

    Precautions For Sailboats When Encountering A PWC

    The sailboat should continue on its course. It has the right of passage, and therefore, the oncoming PVC should slow down its speed, change direction and find a way to successfully navigate around the sailboat. This is because; the sailboat cannot be easily maneuvered like the PWC.

    If navigation around the sailboat is impossible, the crafts should go by each other, port-side to port-side

    Action Steps For Powerboat Operators When A Sailboat Signifies Interest To Overtake.

    Source : pontoony.com

    PWC Encountering PWC

    PWC Encountering PWC

    It is extremely important that a PWC encountering another PWC follow the same navigation rules that apply to motorboats or any other power-driven vessel.

    Most fatalities involving a PWC result from injuries caused by collisions and not from drowning.

    The operator and passengers ride on top of the PWC instead of down inside it. There are no hulls or other enclosures to provide protection from the impact of a collision.

    Due to the lack of protection, PWC collisions are more likely to be deadly for the operator and any passengers.

    Note that the following illustrations are not drawn to scale. The boats are shown closer to each other than they should be when actually encountering another vessel on the water.

    Meeting Head-On: Neither vessel is the stand-on vessel. Both vessels should turn to starboard (the right).

    Paths That Cross: The vessel on the operator’s port (left) side is the give-way vessel. The vessel on the operator’s starboard (right) side is the stand-on vessel.

    Overtaking: The vessel that is overtaking another vessel is the give-way vessel. The vessel being overtaken is the stand-on vessel.

    Source : www.boat-ed.com

    The motorboat crossing the paths with a pwc: What actions to take?

    Learn about what action should be taken if the motorboat is crossing the paths with a PWC and the best practices.

    The motorboat crossing the paths with a pwc: What actions to take?

    The motorboat crossing the paths with a pwc: What actions to take? motorboat crossing the paths with a pwc

    Meeting another boat at sea is like approaching an unmarked intersection on the road.

    Just like you have to follow a set of rules when you reach a cross-section, you must follow specific rules when approaching another boat at sea. You must follow simple rules to avoid a collision.

    It is essential to know what to expect when you cross paths with another vessel. When in water, there are rules to govern the action of each vessel.

    Unfortunately, many vessel operators do not know the rules. Not complying with regulations can get you in trouble.

    While taking a Boat Ed or boating exam, you may come across the question –

    If the motorboat is crossing the paths with a PWC, what action should be taken?

    The correct answer to this question is – The vessel on the left (port) hand side should be the one to give way.

    Now let us read some more information on the topic.

    What is a PWC?

    A personal watercraft (PWC) is a recreational watercraft that uses an inboard jet drive as its primary propulsion source.

    Also known as a water scooter, a PWC is designed to be operated by a person sitting, standing, or kneeling on it.

    What action to take if a motorboat crossing the paths with a pwc?

    If a motorboat is crossing the paths with a PWC, the vessel on the port(left) side should give way.

    A PWC should be treated like a motorboat. The rules are the same for a PWC or a motorboat.

    If one vessel is crossing from the port side and the other one is crossing from the starboard side, then the one crossing from the port side is the make-way vessel and must alter its speed to avoid a collision.

    The vessel on the starboard side must be given time to cross first.

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    Who has the right of way on the water?

    Every captain should know the basics about what one has to do when two boats approach each other on the water.

    Here are some guidelines that you must understand and follow –

    Stand-on vessel – The boats that enjoy the right-of-way are known as ‘stand-on vessels.’ The stand-on vessel can maintain speed and direction while approaching other vessels.

    If you are the stand-on vessel, it is your responsibility to acknowledge the give-way vessel’s intended actions.

    You must maintain your speed and current course until the give-way vessel passes or you enter a dangerous situation.

    Give-way vessel – The boats that are not given the right-of-way are known as give-way vessels.

    A give-way vessel should take early, substantial measures to steer clear of the stand-on vessel. You must stop, alter the speed and direction of your boat to avoid a collision.

    If you are the give-way vessel, it is your responsibility to signal your intentions to the stand-on craft.  It is also your responsibility to maneuver your boat around the other in a safe manner.

    Which is the stand on vessel motorboat or PWC?

    PWCs are considered to be powerboats, and the same rules apply to them. In the scenario when a PWC encounters a motorboat, these are the rules of the road that come into play –

    Meeting head-on

    When a PWC and a motorboat are about to meet head-on, each vessel should move to the starboard side and pass in a normal traffic pattern (Pass with the other vessel to port.)

    Vessels crossing paths

    When a PWC wishes to cross the path of a motorboat, the direction of the approach is the factor that determines which one has the right of way. If a motorboat approaches you from the starboard side, it has the right of way.

    You must take early and substantial action to avoid the other craft. If the other vessel approaches you from your port side, you have the right of way and must maintain your speed and course.

    Overtaking another boat

    Overtaking another boat is legal. You can do so either on the port side or on the starboard side.

    According to the Collision Regulations, the vessel intending to overtake another one on the starboard side should sound one blast of the horn.

    After ensuring the starboard side is clear, the boat that has to be overtaken should respond by sounding a single blast of the horn, indicating that the overtaking boat can proceed.

    If the intention is to pass on the port side, the overtaking vessel has to sound two blasts on the horn to indicate their intent.

    After ensuring that the port side is clear, the vessel that has to be overtaken should respond by sounding two blasts of the horn, indicating that the overtaking boat can proceed.

    What should a powerboat do when crossing paths with a sailboat?

    If you are operating a powerboat, you must always give way to a sailing vessel unless the sailing vessel is overtaking your vessel.

    There is a pecking order that determines the right of way for vessels of different types. Understand this list and get familiar with it.

    The vessels lower on the list are the give-way vessels and must stay out of the way of the boats that are higher on the list.

    Source : pontoonhow.com

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