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    political unit of ancient hawaii crossword clue nyt

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    Political unit of ancient Hawaii Crossword Clue

    Political unit of ancient Hawaii NYT Crossword Clue Answers are listed below and every time we find a new solution for this clue we add it on the answers list. If you encounter two or more answers look at the most recent one i.e the last item on the answers box. Advertisement This crossword clue … Political unit of ancient Hawaii Crossword Clue Read More »

    Political unit of ancient Hawaii Crossword Clue

    Nyt Clues / By Nate Parkerson

    Political unit of ancient Hawaii NYT Crossword Clue Answers are listed below and every time we find a new solution for this clue we add it on the answers list. If you encounter two or more answers look at the most recent one i.e the last item on the answers box.

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    POLITICAL UNIT OF ANCIENT HAWAII Crossword Answer

    CHIEFDOM

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    Political unit of ancient Hawaii NYT Crossword Clue Answer

    Political unit of ancient Hawaii Crossword Clue NYT POLITICAL UNIT OF ANCIENT HAWAII New York Times Crossword Clue Answer CHIEFDOM   advert

    Political unit of ancient Hawaii NYT Crossword

    June 12, 2022 by Crossworder

    Political unit of ancient Hawaii Crossword Clue NYT . The NY Times Crossword Puzzle is a classic US puzzle game. It publishes for over 100 years in the NYT Magazine. It is a daily puzzle and today like every other day, we published all the solutions of the puzzle for your convenience.

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    POLITICAL UNIT OF ANCIENT HAWAII New York Times Crossword Clue Answer

    CHIEFDOM advert

    This clue was last seen on NYTimes June 12 2022 Puzzle. If you are done solving this clue take a look below to the other clues found on today's puzzle in case you may need help with any of them. In front of each clue we have added its number and position on the crossword puzzle for easier navigation. Other Down Clues From NYT Todays Puzzle:

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    Political Unit Of Ancient Hawaii

    Political Unit Of Ancient Hawaii Crossword Clue Answers. Find the latest crossword clues from New York Times Crosswords, LA Times Crosswords and many more.

    Political Unit Of Ancient Hawaii

    The crossword clue Political unit of ancient Hawaii with 8 letters was last seen on the June 12, 2022. We think the likely answer to this clue is CHIEFDOM. Below are all possible answers to this clue ordered by its rank. You can easily improve your search by specifying the number of letters in the answer.

    Rank Word Clue

    94% CHIEFDOM Political unit of ancient Hawaii

    3% ALOHA 'Hawaii ___'

    2% LITRE Unit of volume

    2% EAR Unit of maize

    2% LESSON Unit of instruction

    2% DATAPOINT Unit of information

    2% OHM Unit of resistance

    2% REAM Unit of paper

    2% INCH Unit of length

    2% ONE Unit

    2% ASYLUMSEEKER Political refugee

    2% YARD Unit of length

    2% DEGREE Unit of temperature

    2% CLOUT Political pull

    2% OLD Ancient

    2% LEI Ring around Hawaii

    2% CORINTH City of ancient Greece

    2% AESOP Source of ancient fables

    2% NDP Political acronym

    2% OLDEN Ancient

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    how many times has mississippi state won the college world series

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    Mississippi State Bulldogs baseball

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    Mississippi State Bulldogs baseball

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    Mississippi State Bulldogs baseball

    Founded 1885

    Overall record 2,785–1,630–29

    University Mississippi State University

    Athletic director John Cohen

    Head coach Chris Lemonis (4th season)

    Conference SEC West Division

    Location Mississippi State, Mississippi

    Home stadium Dudy Noble Field

    (Capacity: 15,500) Nickname Bulldogs

    Colors Maroon and white[1]

    NCAA Tournament champions

    2021

    College World Series runner-up

    2013

    College World Series appearances

    1971, 1979, 1981, 1985, 1990, 1997, 1998, 2007, 2013, 2018, 2019, 2021

    NCAA regional champions

    1979, 1981, 1985, 1990, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2007, 2011, 2013, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2021

    NCAA Tournament appearances

    1949, 1953, 1965, 1966, 1970, 1971, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2021

    Conference tournament champions

    1979, 1985, 1987, 1990, 2001, 2005, 2012

    Regular season conference champions

    1909, 1911, 1918, 1921, 1922, 1924, 1948, 1949, 1965, 1966, 1970, 1971, 1979, 1985, 1987, 1989, 2016

    The Mississippi State Bulldogs baseball team is the varsity intercollegiate baseball team representing Mississippi State University in NCAA Division I college baseball. The program is a member of the West Division of the Southeastern Conference (SEC). The current head coach is Chris Lemonis. They have appeared in the College World Series 12 times, winning their first national championship in their most recent appearance in 2021.

    Contents

    1 History 2 Venue 3 Attendance

    4 MLB First Round Draft Picks

    5 Mississippi State's 1st Team All-Americans

    6 Ron Polk Ring of Honor

    7 Individual awards 7.1 National awards 8 Notable players 9 Coaches

    10 Year-by-year results

    10.1 50 Win Seasons

    10.2 All-time record vs. SEC teams

    11 Rivalries 12 See also 13 References 14 External links 15 External links

    History[edit]

    Mississippi State has won 11 SEC Championships in 1948, 1949, 1965, 1966, 1970, 1971, 1979, 1985, 1987, 1989, and 2016. The first six were won in a playoff series (with the first two being best-of-five while the rest were a best-of-three series). Since the formation of the SEC Tournament in 1977, the Bulldogs have won it seven times, in 1979, 1985, 1987, 1990, 2001, 2005, and 2012. The seven tournament championships and six playoff championships are a total of 13 SEC postseason championships, the most of any school.

    Prior to the formation of the SEC, the program won the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association championship in 1909, 1911, 1918, 1921, and 1922 as well as the Southern Conference title in 1924.

    The program has also appeared in 34 NCAA Regionals and 12 College World Series. Out of its 12 College World Series trips, the program has appeared in two national championship series (2013 and 2021). Eight years after finishing as runner-up to the UCLA Bruins in 2013, the Mississippi State Bulldogs returned to the national championship series when on June 30, 2021, the club defeated the Vanderbilt Commodores with a score of 9–0 to finally secure its first National Championship title, which serves as the first national championship in a team-sport in school history. This 2021 National Championship was earned in a third consecutive trip to the College World Series (2018, 2019, 2021*).

    A Bulldogs pitcher was selected in the first round of the MLB draft 6 times.[2]

    *2020 College World Series did not take place due to the cancellation of the 2020 college baseball season in the presence of the COVID-19 Pandemic. The team had achieved a 12–4 record to start the 2020 season before it was discontinued during March 2020.

    Venue[edit]

    Main article: Dudy Noble Field, Polk-DeMent Stadium

    The Bulldogs play their home games at Dudy Noble Field, Polk-DeMent Stadium. Dubbed the "Carnegie Hall of College Baseball" by Nelle Cohen, wife of former MSU skipper and current Athletic Director John Cohen,[3] it was the host site of the first SEC tournament and holds the NCAA baseball on-campus attendance record of 15,586 spectators, set in a game against the University of Mississippi in 2014.[4] The stadium has hosted 9 of the top 10 largest crowds to attend an on-campus college baseball game.[2][5][6] In 2013, Paul Swaney of Stadium Journey ranked it as the number one collegiate ballpark.[7] One of the venue's most prominent features is the Left Field Lounge, an outfield area where spectators can gather and enjoy the games in a tailgate setting, including stands built on top of old pick-up trucks and trailers.[8][9][10][11]

    (Old) Dudy Noble Field/Polk-Dement Stadium

    In 2005, the Palmeiro Center, a 68,000-square-foot (6,300 m2) indoor practice facility, was built next to Dudy Noble. The facility, made possible by a gift from program alumnus Rafael Palmeiro and his wife Lynne, features an infield practice area, additional training area, and three batting cages. A baseball coaches' office complex located between the Palmeiro Center and Dudy Noble Field was also built in 2005. The complex, which includes a baseball heritage room, was made possible by contributions from former Bulldog players Jeff Brantley, Will Clark, Eric DuBose, Paul Maholm, Jay Powell and Bobby Thigpen, along with sports agent and former Bulldog manager Bo McKinnis.[12]

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

    Has Mississippi State baseball ever won the College World Series?

    Mississippi State has an elite baseball program, but have the Bulldogs ever won the NCAA College World Series?

    Has Mississippi State baseball ever won the College World Series? Here's the answer

    Erik Hall

    Mississippi Clarion Ledger

    The Mississippi State baseball program has been to the College World Series 12 times including the 2021 College World Series.

    Mississippi State went to Omaha, Nebraska, to end its season in 1971, 1979, 1981, 1985, 1990, 1997, 1998, 2007, 2013, 2018, 2019, and 2021.

    The Bulldogs have never come home from the College World Series as the champions.

    Mississippi State had its most success in 2013. That year, Mississippi State won its first three games — beating Oregon State twice and Indiana once — then faced UCLA in the 2013 College World Series finals and lost its first two games in the best-of-three series.

    Also in 2021, Mississippi State reached the College World Series finals.

    On only two occasions has Mississippi State not won a game during its stint at the College World Series. The Bulldogs went 0-2 in 1971 and 2007.

    The Mississippi State athletic program has never had a team win an NCAA title in any sport, according to the NCAA.

    Here's more Mississippi State baseball news: 

    Kellum Clark:3 things to know about Mississippi State baseball designated hitter Kellum ClarkMississippi State baseball:See Mississippi State assistant baseball coach host gender reveal at College World SeriesCollege World Series:How 2021 Mississippi State baseball team compares to Bulldogs' last 4 College World Series squads

    Through the 2020-21 school year, Mississippi State has had 23 individual national champions — 20 in men's or women's indoor or outdoor track and field, one in boxing, one in men's tennis, and one in women's tennis.

    Erik Hall is the lead digital producer for sports with the USA Today Network. You can find him on Twitter @HallErik.

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    Mississippi State beats Vanderbilt to win first College World Series

    Mississippi State took a combined no-hitter into the eighth inning as it defeated Vanderbilt 9-0 to win the College World Series for the first time.

    Mississippi State shuts out Vanderbilt in Game 3 to win College World Series for first time

    Nick Suss

    Mississippi Clarion Ledger

    OMAHA, Neb. — For the first time in program history, Mississippi State fans can ring cowbells with a ring on their finger.

    Mississippi State won the College World Series on Wednesday night, defeating Vanderbilt 9-0 in Game 3 to bring home the first team sport national championship in school history. This College World Series win is Mississippi State's first in 12 trips and makes MSU the seventh current member of the SEC to win a College World Series.

    "You lose the first game of this series, and you’re sitting there and you know how bad our community, our school, our program wants this trophy," Mississippi State coach Chris Lemonis said. "We talked about it Saturday night, how it wouldn’t be easy. When you’re going to do something legendary for the first time, it’s going to be tough. It’s pretty surreal right now. But the reason we are champions right now is we’re tough."

    The Bulldogs (50-18) controlled the game from the jump. Mississippi State tagged Vanderbilt (49-18) ace Kumar Rocker for three runs on two hits, two walks and an error in the first two innings to build a 3-0 lead.

    After Rocker stabilized in the third and fourth innings, the top of Mississippi State's order chased one of the top MLB draft prospects with two runs on four hits to lead off the fifth inning.

    Rocker didn't have his best stuff pitching on short rest, but Mississippi State ace Will Bednar did. Bednar threw six shutout, no-hit innings, walking three and striking out four. Bednar retired the last 15 batters he faced.

    Across three College World Series appearances, Bednar allowed three earned runs in 18⅓ innings (1.47 ERA), allowing five hits and striking out 26.

    All-America closer Landon Sims entered behind Bednar to start the seventh. Sims retired the first four batters he faced before allowing a one-out single to shortstop Carter Young in the eighth, breaking up Mississippi State's no-hit bid.

    Mississippi State's offense put the game away in the seventh inning. Catcher Logan Tanner and designated hitter Kellum Clark each hit home runs off Vanderbilt reliever Chris McElvain to expand the Bulldogs' lead to 9-0.

    How it happened

    Mississippi State earned the No. 7 national seed for the NCAA Tournament after posting a 20-10 SEC record with nonconference wins against tournament teams Texas, Texas Tech and Southern Miss.

    The Bulldogs hosted VCU, Samford and Campbell in the Starkville Regional, going 3-0 to advance to super regionals against Notre Dame. The Bulldogs split the first two games against the Fighting Irish before beating them in Game 3 to advance to the College World Series for the third time in a row.

    Mississippi State started 2-0 in Omaha with dramatic wins over Texas and Virginia. The Bulldogs struck out a College World Series record 21 for the first win and then came back from a 4-0 deficit in the eighth inning to avoid being no-hit.

    After a loss to Texas in their third game, the Bulldogs got the best of the Longhorns one more time to advance to the College World Series finals against Vanderbilt behind a walk-off hit from utility infielder Tanner Leggett.

    Vanderbilt beat Mississippi State 8-2 in the first game of the College World Series final, putting the Bulldogs' backs against the wall. Mississippi State thundered back with a 13-2 win in Game 2, forcing Wednesday's decisive third game.

    What it means

    Before 2021, only two programs (Florida State and Clemson) had appeared in more College World Series without winning a title. Mississippi State had only advanced to the College World Series finals one previous time, when it got swept by UCLA in 2013.

    Mississippi State entered Wednesday as one of three Power Five programs without a team national championship in any sport. Now that distinction only belongs to Kansas State and Virginia Tech.

    Plenty of Mississippi State teams have competed for championships in the past, especially on the diamond. This year marked Mississippi State's fifth College World Series appearance since 2007 and the fifth 50-win season in program history.

    Contact Nick Suss at 601-408-2674 or [email protected] Follow @nicksuss on Twitter.

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    the word “dessert” comes from a french word meaning what?

    get the word “dessert” comes from a french word meaning what? from EN Bilgi.

    Dessert

    Served as the last course of a meal, a dessert is often sweet, like cake or pie. If you have a sweet tooth, you may wish it were the only course of the meal.

    Advanced Search Random Word

    dessert Add to list Share

    Served as the last course of a meal, a is often sweet, like cake or pie. If you have a sweet tooth, you may wish it were the only course of the meal.

    The word originates from an interesting French word, which actually means "to clear the table." After the dinner dishes are removed, the host brings out the dessert. These days, desserts don't always have to be a sweet course, but can instead be a savory or a cheese course. Other offbeat treats include Vidalia onion ice cream and radish pie.

    Definitions of dessert

    noun a dish served as the last course of a meal

    synonyms: afters, sweet see more

    Think you know dessert? Test your word knowledge now:

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    dessert Usage Examples All sources

    By the time Bertha brought out dessert, everybody was rubbing their stomachs and saying how they couldn’t possibly eat another bite, except, well, maybe just a little of that peach cobbler.

    Wish

    When my mother came in with coffee, my father told her the whole story while I ate dessert.

    The Perks of Being a Wallflower

    “Constance, would you please let the rat up? Much as I would like to see him get his just desserts, you must remember we cannot break the law of hospitality in our Abbey.”

    Redwall

    “One for my appetizer, one for my meal, and one for dessert.”

    P.S. I Miss You

    Commonly confused words

    desert / dessert

    A is a hot and dry place like the Sahara, but add an and some whipped cream and you have a , a sweet treat to eat. has two 's because you always want two. (If you prefer two arid ecosystems, that's on you.)

    Continue reading... Word Family dessert desserts

    the "dessert" family

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    True or false? The word “dessert” comes from the French verb “desservir” meaning “to clear the table.”

    The word “dessert” comes from the French verb “desservir” meaning “to clear the table,” referring to the fact that the dessert was served after the other dishes were clear off the table.

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    TRUE OR FALSE?

    The word “dessert” comes from the French verb “desservir” meaning “to clear the table.”

    It is TRUE. The word “dessert” comes from the French verb “desservir” meaning “to clear the table,” referring to the fact that the dessert was served after the other dishes were clear off the table.

    This question is taken from the quiz :

    Desserts Arts and culture PLAY

    © 2022 espresso communication inc.

    Source : quipoquiz.com

    The Word Dessert Is From The French “Desservir,” Meaning “To Clear The Table”

    Some of the top five desserts in America include brownies, ice cream, chocolate chip cookies, chocolate cake and fudge. In Italy, people still eat salad for dessert.

    Home Today Is The Word Dessert Is From The French “Desservir,” Meaning “To Clear The...

    The Word Dessert Is From The French “Desservir,” Meaning “To Clear The Table”

    By SouthFloridaReporter.com - Oct 13, 2018

    So, What is more fun than making dinner or lunch? Dessert. It can be made with all things that are sweet and juicy or tart and sour and can come out in ways that are warm and soft, flavorful and crunchy, but it’s always delicious. You can indulge dessert with a range of chocolates, candy, or pastries, cakes, and cupcakes, and what about tarts and pies? Preparing them can make the wait for them all the sweeter, or you can grab a pudding or two on the go just to make the day that much brighter. Dessert Day is your excuse to indulge in your favorite treats.

    History of Dessert Day

    The origin of the word dessert comes from the French “desservir,” a word which here means “to clear the table.” This, of course, referenced the dish that came after the clearing of the main dishes served as part of the meal. The earliest references to the term dessert being used are in the 1600’s and arrived at the same time as the concept of serving a meal in courses, letting each part of the meal be its own experience.

    Chocolate chips were invented after chocolate chip cookies.

    The chocolate chip cookie is the most popular kind of cookie in America. 7 billion chocolate chips are consumed annually in the United States. That equals over 19.2 million cookies a day.

    The “German” of German chocolate cake fame was actually a man named Samuel German, who was an employee of an American chocolate company.

    What we commonly call “Baked Alaska” was dubbed as such by the famous Delmonico’s Restaurant in New York City in 1876 to celebrate Alaska’s annexation.

    The world’s largest gingerbread house topped out at 2,520 square feet and contained 35.8 million calories.

    Girl Scout cookies were originally homemade.

    Boston cream pie is actually a cake.

    As of 2010, Armenia holds the title for the world’s biggest chocolate bar, which weighed over 9,000 pounds.

    People in the Middle Ages actually ate preserved fruits, jelly and wafers for dessert.

    1381- The first printed recipe for apple pie was introduced

    The shelf life of a chocolate bar is one year

    Pie was originally filled with fillings like meat or vegetables

    1700- Eclairs with cream center and chocolate topping emerged

    For most centuries, puddings were meat based

    In Italy, people still eat salad for dessert

    Some of the top five desserts in America include brownies, ice cream, chocolate chip cookies, chocolate cake and fudge

    Sugar was not added to chocolate until hundreds of years after it had been discovered

    Many cultures have their own variations of similar desserts around the world. For example mandel bread, usually associated with the Eastern European Jewish population and Italian biscotti are both hard cookies well suited to dipping in coffee.

    The first known use of the word “dessert” was in 1600, in a health education manual entitled Naturall and artificial Directions for Health, which was written by William Vaughan.

    According to the food historians, the precursors of modern cakes (round ones with icing) were first baked in Europe sometime in the mid-17th century. This is due to primarily to advances in technology (more reliable ovens, manufacture/availability of food molds) and ingredient availability (refined sugar).

    The cupcake evolved in the United States in the 19th century, and it was revolutionary because of the amount of time it saved in the kitchen.

    Before 1886, the origin and history of fudge is unclear, but fudge is thought to be an American invention; In the late 17th century, fudge was a verb meaning ” “to fit together in a clumsy or underhand manner.” Then around 1800, the word was used to mean a hoax or cheat. By mid-century, the use of the term “Oh, fudge!” as a kid-friendly expletive had come into favor, and was often used when something had been messed up. It’s believed that the first batch of fudge was created when someone was trying to make caramels and “fudged” up. The name stuck.

    Jell-O’s inventor hit upon the first successful gelatin dessert recipe in the course of his side work as a manufacturer of patent medicines like cough syrups and laxatives (he was a carpenter by trade). In 1897, LeRoy, New York resident Pearle B. Wait and his wife, May, added strawberry, raspberry, orange, and lemon flavoring — probably because they were already on hand from Pearle’s medicinal concoctions — and the original four flavors were born.

    Ten people in the United States have the last name Doughnut or Donut. It’s unclear whether “Doughnut” was their given last name, or whether they changed it out of passion for the pastry. Meanwhile, 13 people have the first name “Donut.”

    Sources:Days of the YearMobile-CuisineFoodie on CampusJust Fun Facts

    Source : southfloridareporter.com

    a “pastry coffyn” was the original version of which treat?

    get a “pastry coffyn” was the original version of which treat? from EN Bilgi.

    A “pastry coffyn” was the original version of which treat?

    Trivia, Riddle, Question, Answer

    POSTED ON

    JULY 13, 2021 BY JOHN NEWTON

    A “pastry coffyn” was the original version of which treat?

    A “pastry coffyn” was the original version of which treat?

    Coffee cake Pie Brownies Danish pastry

    The Answer: The correct answer is Pie.

    Source : www.imlearningmath.com

    Where was Baked Alaska invented? – What : The Most Trusted Place for Answering Life's Questions

    Where was Baked Alaska invented?

    by Alex on July 13, 2021

    27541

    Where was Baked Alaska invented?

    Juneau Moscow Anchorage New York City

    The Answer: The correct answer is New York City.

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    Answer: A “pastry coffyn” was the original version of which treat?

    Which, where, what, trivia, question, answers, riddle

    POSTED ON

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    Answer: A “pastry coffyn” was the original version of which treat?

    The Question: A “pastry coffyn” was the original version of which treat?

    Coffee cake Pie Brownies Danish pastry

    The Answer: The correct answer is Pie.

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    how to transfer money from apple pay to cash app instantly

    get how to transfer money from apple pay to cash app instantly from EN Bilgi.

    Transfer money in Apple Cash to your bank account or debit card

    You can transfer money from your Apple Cash card instantly or within 1 to 3 business days.

    Transfer money in Apple Cash to your bank account or debit card

    You can transfer money from your Apple Cash card instantly or within 1 to 3 business days.

    How to transfer money to your bank or eligible debit card

    When you transfer money from your Apple Cash1 card, you can either use a bank transfer to send funds to your bank account in 1 to 3 days or you can use Instant Transfer2 to send funds instantly3 to an eligible Mastercard or Visa debit card.

    You can also send money to an individual in Messages or Wallet.

    Transfer instantly to an eligible debit card

    First, make sure your iPhone or iPad has the latest version of iOS or iPadOS and add an eligible debit card4 in the Wallet app.

    Then, make an Instant Transfer:

    Go to your card info:

    On iPhone: open the Wallet app, tap your Apple Cash card, then tap the More button .

    On iPad: open the Settings app, tap Wallet & Apple Pay, then tap your Apple Cash card.

    Tap Transfer to Bank.

    Enter an amount and tap Next.

    Tap Instant Transfer.

    If you haven't added an eligible debit card, tap Add Card and follow the instructions on your screen to add a Mastercard or Visa debit card.

    Tap > to select the debit card you want to transfer funds to and select the billing information for your chosen debit card.

    Your funds should transfer within 30 minutes.

    Transfer in 1 to 3 business days to a bank account

    Go to your card info:

    On iPhone: Open the Wallet app, tap your Apple Cash card, then tap the More button .

    On iPad: Open the Settings app, tap Wallet & Apple Pay, then tap your Apple Cash card.

    Tap Transfer to Bank.5

    Enter an amount and tap Next.

    Tap 1-3 Business Days. If you don't have a bank account set up, follow the instructions on your screen to add one.

    Confirm with Face ID, Touch ID, or passcode.

    Wait for the money to transfer. This can take 1 to 3 business days.

    If you're under 18 years old and part of Apple Cash Family

    Children less than 13 years old can transfer funds from their Apple Cash account to a bank account.1

    Teens at least 13 years old can transfer funds to their bank account or an eligible debit card using Instant Transfer.

    How to update your bank account information

    Go to your card info:

    On iPhone: Open the Wallet app, tap your Apple Cash card, then tap the More button .

    On iPad: Open the Settings app, tap Wallet & Apple Pay, then tap your Apple Cash card.

    Tap Bank Account, then tap the bank account you want to update.

    To delete your banking information, tap Delete Bank Account Information. Tap again to confirm. After deleting, you can add your bank information again or add different information.

    To edit your bank information, tap next to your routing number or account number, add your information, then confirm the numbers and tap Next.6

    After you update your information on one device, it automatically updates on all the devices where you're signed in with your Apple ID.

    About transfer limits

    You can transfer up to $10,000 per transfer and up to $20,000 within a seven-day period from Apple Cash to your bank account. You can only transfer your money to a bank account in the United States. There are no fees to transfer your money from Apple Cash to your bank account, unless you use an Instant Transfer.

    Learn about account limits and person to person payment limits.

    How to find your bank account number or routing number

    Your bank account number and routing numbers are easy to find on your checks. If you don't have a check, you can call your bank and ask for this information.

    If you didn't receive your transfer

    Check your bank statement to see if the transfer has been processed and deposited into your bank account. Bank transfers aren't deposited on bank holidays or the weekend. See holidays observed by the Federal Reserve on federalreserve.gov.

    If you don't receive an Instant Transfer after 2 hours, or you don't receive a 1 to 3 business day transfer after 3 business days, contact us.

    If you think that you entered the wrong bank account or routing number, contact us.

    If you can't transfer money

    Check for iOS, iPadOS, or watchOS updates.

    Make sure that your device is eligible to use with Apple Pay.

    Make sure that you have a Wi-Fi or cellular connection.

    If you're transferring money to a debit card, make sure that it's an eligible debit card.

    After each step, try to transfer money again:

    For 1 to 3 business day transactions, make sure that you added an eligible United States bank account and that you entered the correct account and routing numbers. If you enter the wrong numbers, the transfer might go to the wrong account.

    Instant Transfers require you to use the billing address that matches your selected debit card.

    Check the limits. The minimum amount that you can transfer to your bank account is $1. If your balance is less than $1, you can transfer your total balance as an exception to the minimum. The maximum amount that you can transfer per transaction is $10,000.

    Source : support.apple.com

    How will you send cash from apple pay to Cash app now?

    To send cash from apple pay to Cash app , you need to intertwine Apple pay with your Cash Card. For this, you have to tap on the Cash Card from your Cash app home screen. Apple Pay, you can use it on your iPhone contraption. If you have any issues, by then don't extra one moment to interface with u

    andre rusell Jan 14, 2021

    ·  Edited: Jun 28, 2021

    How will you send cash from apple pay to Cash app now?

    in General Discussions

    To send cash from apple pay to Cash app, you need to intertwine Apple pay with your Cash Card. For this, you have to tap on the Cash Card from your Cash app home screen. Apple Pay, you can use it on your iPhone contraption. If you have any issues, by then don't extra one moment to interface with us. Call Now 1-860-431-7961https://www.email-contactsupport.com/blog/transfer-money-from-apple-pay-to-cash-app

    bruce.banner0097 Feb 17, 2021

    Make an Instant Transfer:

    Go to your card info:

    On iPhone: open the Wallet app, tap your Apple Cash card, then tap the more button the more button.

    On iPad: open the Settings app, tap Wallet & Apple Pay, then tap your Apple Cash card.

    Tap Transfer to Bank.

    Enter an amount and tap Next.

    Tap Instant Transfer.

    If you haven't added a Visa debit card, tap Add Card and follow the instructions on your screen to add an eligible Visa debit card.

    Tap > to select the Visa debit card you want to transfer funds to and select the billing information for your chosen debit card.

    Your funds should transfer within 30 minutes.

    *To see if your Visa debit card is eligible to receive a transfer from Apple Cash, contact your card issuer.

    Transfer in 1 to 3 business days

    Go to your card info:

    On iPhone: Open the Wallet app, tap your Apple Cash card, then tap the more button the more button.

    On iPad: Open the Settings app, tap Wallet & Apple Pay, then tap your Apple Cash card.

    Tap Transfer to Bank.3

    Enter an amount and tap Next.

    Tap 1-3 Business Days. If you don't have a bank account set up, follow the instructions on your screen to add one.

    Confirm with Face ID, Touch ID, or passcode.

    Wait for the money to transfer. This can take 1 to 3 business days.

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    0 testingmino Jul 26, 2021

    Thanks so much for sharing this article. My only solution to transferring money from Apple pay to cash App is to indirectly transfer the funds from my Apple pay to bank account. Then i move the funds from my bank account to my Cash App wallet. Really appreciate for sharing!

    0 Brayden Brayden Sep 14, 2021 · Edited: Feb 21

    How do I transfer money from Apple pay to cash App?

    The steps to send money from Apple Pay to Cash App is so easy. Moreover, it will break all your illusions to parallel the word "difficult" with the word "digitality". The process to transfer money from Apple Pay to Cash App and from Cash App to Apple Pay is as follows-

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    Ok so what if...and I know this is way outta left field....but say I don't want to link my accounts I just want to send money to some one else's cash app cause I don't have cash app not do I want it... be t other ppl have

    0 Philip clark Nov 10, 2021

    How can I send money from Apple Pay to cash app?

    Customers can easily send money from Apple Pay to cash app by adding it to their debit card-1(860-431-79466). There is no limit to transferring money from your Apple Pay account. So, customers can make unlimited payments by adding money from their Apple pay account. In case of any issue, contact the customer support representative for help.

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    0 marco95413 Jan 03 · Edited: Feb 09

    How do I transfer money from Apple pay to cash App?

    Apple gives customers the option to transfer money from Apple Pay Cash to a bank account or debit card. This can be done by using the Instant transfer Service provided by Apple. With Instant Transfer, you can Transfer Money From Apple Pay To Cash App. Money should be ready within 30 minutes.

    Source : www.clab.com.my

    How to Transfer Money from Apple Pay to Cash App

    This guide explains the steps you need to go through to transfer funds from Apple Pay to Cash App.

    BANKING AND FINANCE

    How to Transfer Money from Apple Pay to Cash App

    Elizabeth July 27, 2021

    Did you know that according to information from the World Bank, the United States leads the number of transfers sent in the world, followed by Saudi Arabia and then Switzerland? The value of transactions in terms of digital money transfers amounted to $64.1 million US dollars in 2018. An annual increase of 15.9% is projected, which would lead to a total of $143.1 million by 2023.

    Just how do these transfers work though? In order to carry out the transfer of digital money from bank to bank and person to person, there are a number of reliable and secure apps that help you. Right now, though, we’ll be focusing on Apple Pay and Cash App, two of the most prominent digital wallet apps of the year.

    First, let’s explore just exactly what Apple Pay and Cash App offer as financial apps. Then, we’ll dive into how to transfer money from Apple Pay to Cash App seamlessly.

    What is Apple Pay?

    Apple Pay is a digital wallet where users can carry out transactions electronically. This platform is a development by Apple Inc., as the name might suggest. With the app, you can send money, buy applications in the App Store and pay digitally at stores where Apple Pay is accepted.

    The app, as you might guess, only works on Apple devices such as iPads, iPhones, Apple Watches and Macs. While the app comes installed on most newer devices, if you’ve somehow deleted it, you can find it in the App Store to download for free.

    Not sure what the difference is between Apple Pay and other similar digital wallets? Check out our guide on Samsung Pay vs. Google Pay vs. Apple Pay.

    What is Cash App?

    Square Inc. developed the Cash App in competition with other emerging mobile money wallets such as Apple Pay, PayPal's Venmo, and Google Pay. It’s why it was formerly called Square Cash, actually. And, the basic features are similar to Apple Pay.

    With Cash App, a user can send money, pay bills or withdraw cash at an ATM if they have the possibility, among other transactions. This tool is available in the Play Store and the App Store, making it a bit more ubiquitous versus Apple Pay. On top of that, Cash App is one of the best money transfer apps for those without a social security number.

    Don’t have a SSN? Here is a helpful guide on How to Use Cash App Without a SSN

    Cash App vs. Apple Pay

    While both of these apps allow you to perform online money transfers, there are some similarities and differences between Cash App and Apple Pay. Let’s explore those below.

    The Similarities  

    Both applications are compatible with SaaS platforms, iPhone, iPad.

    Both Cash App and Apple Pay allow screenshots and videos.

    The two applications have a free version.

    Cash App and Apple Pay both have a 5-star score in the "General and Ease" categories.

    Cash App and Apple Pay both offer the following mobile payment features: ACH support, contactless payments, credit/debit card support, and P2P payments.

    The Differences 

    Cash App is compatible with Android but not with Mac whereas Apple Pay is compatible with Mac and not with Android.

    Cash App targets anyone who wants to send or receive payments through a mobile application while Apple Pay targets anyone who wants to pay with an Apple-only payment service.

    Cash App has an online support service unlike Apple Pay.

    Cash App differentiates itself by providing cryptocurrency exchanges and brokers. However, Apple Pay offers POS (point of sale) systems to make it more business-friendly.

    Cash App offers a mobile payment function in support of cryptocurrencies (it’s compatible with Bitcoin) while Apple Pay does not.

    Apple Pay, unlike Cash App, is available not only in the US and UK, but also in more than 50 countries (however, do keep in mind that you still need an Apple device to access the app).

    Can You Transfer Apple Pay Money to Cash App? 

    Indeed, money can be transferred from the Apple Pay application to the Cash App, but not directly. Apple Pay does not allow you to link a bank account to make transfers and is limited to debit and credit cards provided by banks. For this reason, money can be indirectly transferred through Apple Pay to your bank account and then from there to your Cash App wallet. Keep reading to find out how to do just that.

    How to Transfer Money from Apple Pay to Cash App 

    Unfortunately at the moment, there is no direct transfer option or button to send funds between these two platforms, but that doesn’t mean you can’t do it! You just have to go through a couple more steps than clicking one button.

    Step 1: Transfer Money from Apple Pay to your Bank Account

    For this process, the following steps must be followed (keep in mind that the time to process this transaction can take up to 1-3 business days in some cases):

    Be sure you have access to your card information or the bank account information where you want to transfer the money to. If you’re using an iPhone, simply open the Wallet application, tap on the Apple Cash card, and then tap the Plus button. If you’re using an iPad, go to Configuration > Wallet & Apple Pay > Apple Cash Card.

    Select the “Transfer to Bank” option.

    Enter the amount to deposit and click Next.

    Source : www.earncheese.com

    which dessert name means “to fit together clumsily”?

    get which dessert name means “to fit together clumsily”? from EN Bilgi.

    Which dessert name means “to fit together clumsily”?

    Trivia, Riddle, Question, Answer

    BY JOHN NEWTON

    Which dessert name means “to fit together clumsily”?

    Which dessert name means “to fit together clumsily”?

    Fudge Pudding Soufflé Cake

    The Answer: The correct answer is Fudge.

    Source : www.imlearningmath.com

    Answer: Which dessert name means “to fit together clumsily”?

    Which, where, what, trivia, question, answers, riddle

    POSTED ON

    JULY 13, 2021 BY MERY99

    Answer: Which dessert name means “to fit together clumsily”?

    The Question: Which dessert name means “to fit together clumsily”?

    Fudge Pudding Soufflé Cake

    The Answer: The correct answer is Fudge.

    Source : answerriddle.com

    which historical figure popularized gingerbread in the shape of people?

    get which historical figure popularized gingerbread in the shape of people? from EN Bilgi.

    Gingerbread man

    Wiki Loves Earth in Turkey photography contest has started!

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    Gingerbread man

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Jump to navigation Jump to search

    For other uses, see Gingerbread Man (disambiguation).

    Gingerbread man

    Type Biscuit

    Place of origin England

    Main ingredients Gingerbread

    Cookbook: Gingerbread Cookies Frosted with Royal Icing

    Media: Gingerbread man

    A gingerbread man is a biscuit or cookie made of gingerbread, usually in the shape of a stylized human being, although other shapes, especially seasonal themes (Christmas, Halloween, Easter, etc.) and characters are common.

    Contents

    1 History 2 Characteristics 3 In world records

    4 In fiction and popular culture

    5 References 6 External links

    History[edit]

    A gingerbread man, with icing decoration

    Freshly baked gingerbread men with a variety of decorations

    A half consumed gingerbread man, with icing decoration and Smarties as buttons

    Gingerbread dates from the 15th century, and figural biscuit-making was practiced in the 16th century.[1] The first documented instance of figure-shaped gingerbread biscuits was at the court of Elizabeth I of England. She had the gingerbread figures made and presented in the likeness of some of her important guests which brought the human shape of the gingerbread cookies. [2][3]

    Characteristics[edit]

    Gingerbread man and his wife and dog with a gingerbread house

    Gingerbread salesman (1902)

    Most gingerbread men share a roughly humanoid shape, with stubby feet and no fingers. Many gingerbread men have a face, though whether the features are indentations within the face itself or other candies stuck on with icing or chocolate varies from recipe to recipe. Other decorations are common; hair, shirt cuffs, and shoes are sometimes applied, but by far the most popular decoration is shirt buttons, which are traditionally represented by gum drops, icing, or raisins.

    In world records[edit]

    According to the , the world's largest gingerbread man was made by the staff of the IKEA Furuset store in Oslo, Norway, on 9 November 2009. The gingerbread man weighed 1435.2 pounds (651 kg).[4][5]

    In fiction and popular culture[edit]

    This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

    "The Gingerbread Man" is a fairy tale about a gingerbread man who comes to life, outruns an elderly couple and various animals, and is devoured by a fox in the end.

    Gingy is a talking gingerbread man character in the series of animated movies. He is derived from the fairy tale "The Gingerbread Man".

    The Jasper Fford comic detective novel features a more-than-human-sized gingerbread man who is a psychopathic serial killer that likes to pull off his victims' limbs. The difficulties in catching him are a reference to the fairy tale.

    In Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's ballet (1892), the eponymous hero leads an army of gingerbread men against the Mouse King and his fellows.

    The Gingerbread People are the main characters in the game (1945).

    The Gingerbread Men were featured in . In the "Don Knotts" episode, the Gingerbread Men sing the song "Sweet Gingerbread Man" as the opening number. The lead Gingerbread Man is a hand-rod Muppet performed by Frank Oz while the full-bodied Gingerbread Men were performed by Jim Henson, Dave Goelz, Richard Hunt, and Jerry Nelson.

    In the film , a nightmarish twist on the Gingerbread Man appears. A young child is splashed with mud and the mud steals the child's eyes, nose and mouth. It then forms a small mud body with the child's stolen features for a face. The creature grabs the child and absorbs her into itself. It runs off yelling, "You can't catch me; I'm the Gingerbread Man!"

    The first game in the series, , is a runner game that puts players in the role of GingerBrave, a gingerbread man running to escape from the Witch's Oven. Subsequent games would introduce numerous other "Cookies", iterations of gingerbread men based on different combinations of ingredients and character archetypes.

    In the Christmas special , Timmy and Crocker encounter a quartet of gingerbread men named GingerFred, GingerEd, GingerNed and GingerJed, but Crocker eats one of them, which causes them to chase them along with their friends.

    Source : en.wikipedia.org

    Gingerbread man history from Frederick III to Elizabeth I to L. Frank Baum to Shrek.

    Every year around this time, bakers who are not professional contrarians make holiday gingerbread cookies that look like people. There are man-,...

    BROW BEAT

    Why Do We Shape Gingerbread Cookies Like People?

    BY L.V. ANDERSON DEC 24, 20139:05 AM

    “[A] simplified human form without hands or feet”

    Photo by Stuart Wilson/Getty Images

    Every year around this time, bakers who are not professional contrarians make holiday gingerbread cookies that look like people. There are man-, woman-, and child-shaped cookie cutters available for this exact purpose. Why do we shape gingerbread cookies like people, but not other kinds of cookies?

    It’s been going on in Europe since the Middle Ages. Back then, “gingerbread” was an amalgam of bread crumbs, molasses or honey, wine, rosewater, and other miscellaneous ingredients. As unappetizing as this mixture sounds, it was very easy to mold into shapes. In her 2010 cookbook Gingerbread, Jennifer Lindner McGlinn writes, “Communities used these dense cakes to commemorate holidays and celebrations, and the images varied widely depending on the occasion. Flowers and religious symbols, in fact, seem to have been as popular as royal figures and even quite bawdy, scantily clad lovers.” (In other words, the idea behind The Cookie Sutra isn’t as novel as you think.) Gingerbread was believed to have medicinal and vaguely magical properties: In addition to serving as actors in edible proto-porn, gingerbread men were eaten by young women in order to supernaturally attract their future husbands.

    ADVERTISEMENT

    In 15th-century Germany, where gingerbread was taken so seriously that one had to belong to a gingerbread guild in order to bake it, Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III distributed gingerbread molded in his likeness as a sort of mass marketing political campaign. England’s Queen Elizabeth I did Frederick one better by commissioning life-sized gingerbread sculptures of royal guests of honor. (Today, gingerbread hearts and horses are the most common shapes for gingerbread cookies in Germany. Judging from the German Wikipedia page for gingerbread, they are rather baffled by our gingerbread men, which are described as having “a simplified human form without hands or feet.”)

    The English tradition of gingerbread men made its way to North America via English colonists, who shaped honey-spice cookies like politicians (and other creatures). But the gingerbread man didn’t become a cultural archetype in America until 1875, when a children’s publication called St. Nicholas Magazine published “The Gin-ger-bread Boy,” about a living gingerbread man who runs away from various pursuers—a little old woman, a little old man, a cow, etc.—before he is eaten by a fox. This was not an original story: Folk tales with the same narrative structure but starring other baked good, such as pancakes, had been told orally in Europe for centuries. (Such stories are known among folklore scholars as “Fleeing Pancake” stories.) It’s not clear exactly when the gingerbread man took over the starring role in the folk tale, but the author of the St. Nicholas piece explained how he had originally heard it: “A servant girl from Maine told it to my children. It interested them so much that I thought it worth preserving. I asked where she found it, and she said an old lady told it to her in her childhood.”

    By the early 20th century, the living gingerbread man had become so entrenched a figure in American culture that L. Frank Baum chose a gingerbread man as the protagonist of his 1906 novel John Dough and the Cherub. Today, we still see him in such important works as Candy Land and the Shrek series. And, of course, on Christmas cookie platters everywhere.

    Thanks to Joanne Lamb Hayes, Jennifer Lindner McGlinn, and Maria Tatar.

    TWEET SHARE COMMENT FoodHistory

    Source : slate.com

    Answer: Which historical figure popularized gingerbread in the shape of people?

    Which, where, what, trivia, question, answers, riddle

    POSTED ON

    JULY 13, 2021 BY MERY99

    Answer: Which historical figure popularized gingerbread in the shape of people?

    The Question: Which historical figure popularized gingerbread in the shape of people?

    Queen Elizabeth I Benjamin Franklin Genghis Khan Abraham Lincoln

    The Answer: The correct answer is Queen Elizabeth I.

    Source : answerriddle.com

    difference between gram positive and gram negative bacteria

    get difference between gram positive and gram negative bacteria from EN Bilgi.

    Major Difference Between Gram

    Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria are differentiated according to their Gram staining characteristics and difference in their cell-wall structure.

    BiologyBiology Difference BetweenDifference Between Gram Positive And Gram Negative Bacteria

    Previous Next

    Difference Between Gram-positive and Gram-negative Bacteria

    Table of Contents

    Gram Staining

    Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria – Overview

    Difference between Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria – Key Points

    Difference between Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria – Table

    Bacteria are a large group of minute, unicellular, microscopic organisms, which have been classified as prokaryotic cells, as they lack a true nucleus. These microscopic organisms comprise a simple physical structure, including cell wall, capsule, DNA, pili, flagellum, cytoplasm and ribosomes.

    Bacteria can be gram-positive or gram-negative depending upon the staining methods. Let us have a detailed look at the difference between the two types of bacteria.

    Gram Staining

    This technique was proposed by Christian Gram to distinguish the two types of bacteria based on the difference in their cell wall structures. The gram-positive bacteria retain the crystal violet dye, which is because of their thick layer of peptidoglycan in the cell wall.

    This process distinguishes bacteria by identifying peptidoglycan that is found in the cell wall of the gram-positive bacteria. A very small layer of peptidoglycan is dissolved in gram-negative bacteria when alcohol is added.

    Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria – Overview

    The gram-positive bacteria retain the crystal violet colour and stain purple whereas the gram-negative bacteria lose crystal violet and stain red. Thus, the two types of bacteria are distinguished by gram staining.

    Gram-negative bacteria are more resistant to antibodies because their cell wall is impenetrable.

    Gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria are classified based on their ability to hold the gram stain. The gram-negative bacteria are stained by a counterstain such as safranin, and they are de-stained because of the alcohol wash. Hence under a microscope, they are noticeably pink in colour. Gram-positive bacteria, on the other hand, retains the gram stain and show a visible violet colour upon the application of mordant (iodine) and ethanol (alcohol).

    Gram-positive bacteria constitute a cell wall, which is mainly composed of multiple layers of peptidoglycan that forms a rigid and thick structure. Its cell wall additionally has teichoic acids and phosphate.  The teichoic acids present in the gram-positive bacteria are of two types – the lipoteichoic acid and the teichoic wall acid.

    In gram-negative bacteria, the cell wall is made up of an outer membrane and several layers of peptidoglycan. The outer membrane is composed of lipoproteins, phospholipids, and LPS. The peptidoglycan stays intact to lipoproteins of the outer membrane that is located in the fluid-like periplasm between the plasma membrane and the outer membrane. The periplasm is contained with proteins and degrading enzymes which assist in transporting molecules.

    The cell walls of the gram-negative bacteria, unlike the gram-positive, lacks the teichoic acid. Due to the presence of porins, the outer membrane is permeable to nutrition, water, food, iron, etc.

    Difference between Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria – Key Points

    The cell wall of gram-positive bacteria is composed of thick layers peptidoglycan.

    The cell wall of gram-negative bacteria is composed of thin layers of peptidoglycan.

    In the gram staining procedure, gram-positive cells retain the purple coloured stain.

    In the gram staining procedure, gram-negative cells do not retain the purple coloured stain.

    Gram-positive bacteria produce exotoxins.

    Gram-negative bacteria produce endotoxins.

    Difference between Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria

    Following are the important differences between gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria:

    Difference between Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria

    Gram-Positive bacteria Gram-Negative bacteriaCell Wall

    A single-layered, smooth cell wall  A double-layered, wavy cell-wall

    Cell Wall thickness

    The thickness of the cell wall is 20 to 80 nanometres The thickness of the cell wall is 8 to 10 nanometres

    Peptidoglycan Layer

    It is a thick layer/ also can be multilayered It is a thin layer/ often single-layered.

    Teichoic acids

    Presence of teichoic acids Absence of teichoic acids

    Outer membrane

    The outer membrane is absent The outer membrane is present (mostly)

    Porins

    Absent Occurs in Outer Membrane

    Mesosome

    It is more prominent. It is less prominent.

    Morphology

    Cocci or spore-forming rods Non-spore forming rods.

    Flagella Structure

    Source : byjus.com

    Gram Positive vs Gram Negative

    Being able to differentiate bacterial species is important for a host of reasons. Whilst molecular techniques can determine the specific species, even without getting into the molecular nitty gritty, there are phenotypic differences between groups of bacteria that can be used to differentiate them. One such useful classification – if a bacterium is Gram positive or Gram negative - is based on the structure of bacterial cell walls.

    Article

    Gram Positive vs Gram Negative

    Published: August 21, 2019

    Last Updated: June 6, 2022

    Karen Steward PhD Read time: 5 minutes

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    Being able to differentiate bacterial species is important for a host of reasons, from diagnosing infection or checking food safety, to identifying which species it is that gives a cheese it’s fantastic character. Bacterial species, and even specific strains can be differentiated using a number of molecular techniques such as PCR, quantitative PCR, genome sequencing and mass spectrometry. But even without getting into the molecular nitty gritty, there are phenotypic differences between groups of bacteria that can be used to differentiate them. This includes characteristics like their shape (bacilli vs cocci for example), growth in particular nutrients and preference for high or low oxygen environments. Depending on the characteristic being studied, bacterial species may be broken down into broad groups, but taken together this information can narrow the possible identities greatly. One such useful classification – if a bacterium is Gram positive or Gram negative - is based on the structure of bacterial cell walls.

    Gram positive bacteria

    Gram positive bacteria Gram negative bacteria

    Distinctive purple appearance after gram staining

    Pale reddish color after gram staining

    Bacteria include all staphylococci, all streptococci and some listeria species

    Bacteria include enterobacter species, salmonella species and pseudomonas species

    Thick peptidoglycan layer

    Thin peptidoglycan layer

    No outer lipid membrane

    Outer lipid membrane present

    No O-specific side chains present

    O-specific side chains present

    Teichoic and lipoteichoic acids present Teichoic and lipoteichoic acids not present

    Difference in structure of Gram positive vs Gram negative bacteria  

    The diagram below illustrates the differences in the structure of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. The two key features that lead to the differing visualization properties of Gram positive and Gram negative species are the thickness of the peptidoglycan layer and presence or absence of the outer lipid membrane. This is because the wall structure affects the cell’s ability to retain the crystal violet stain used in the Gram staining procedure which can then be visualized under a light microscope.

    Gram positive bacteria have a thick peptidoglycan layer and no outer lipid membrane whilst Gram negative bacteria have a thin peptidoglycan layer and have an outer lipid membrane.

    As Gram positive bacteria lack an outer lipid membrane, when correctly referring to their structure rather than staining properties, are termed monoderms. The outer lipid membrane possessed by Gram negative bacteria means that, when referring to their physical structure, they are termed diderms.

    The Gram staining technique was developed in 1884 by Danish bacteriologist Hans Christian Gram.1 Whilst a Gram stain will not tell you the specific species you are looking at, it can be a quick way to narrow down greatly the list of potential candidates and direct follow-up testing where necessary.

    Gram positive vs Gram negative stain

    Gram stain procedure - Preparing a sample

    1. Label a clean glass microscope slide with your sample identification. Ensure you use a pencil as many inks are removed by the reagents used in the staining procedure.2. If preparing your slide from a liquid bacterial culture:

    Dab a small drop culture onto the slide using a sterile loop. Gently smear the droplet in a circular motion into an area of approximately 1 cm diameter. For very dense cultures it may be necessary to pre-dilute your culture to ensure individual bacterial cells can be seen under a microscope following staining.

    If the source material is from a bacterial plate:

    Resuspend a loop of colony material in sterile phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and then proceed as for a liquid culture.

    3. Once the smear has air dried, pass the smeared slide through a flame two or three times.

    Gram stain procedure - Gram staining a sample

    1. Gently flood the smear with crystal violet and leave for 1 minute. Tilt the slide slightly and gently rinse with tap water or distilled water.2. Gently flood the smear with Gram’s iodine and leave for 1 minute. Tilt the slide slightly and gently rinse with tap water or distilled water. The smear will now appear purple.3. Decolorize the smear using 95% ethyl alcohol or acetone. Tilt the slide slightly and apply the alcohol drop by drop until the alcohol runs almost clear (5-10 seconds). Immediately rinse with water to avoid over-decolorizing.

    Source : www.technologynetworks.com

    Gram

    Find out the differences between gram-positive bacillus and gram-negative bacillus and how they may affect health.

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    Difference Between Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacillus

    Medically Reviewed by Dan Brennan, MD on May 16, 2021

    There are many ways of classifying bacteria. One method is based on the cell membrane. In 1884, a bacteriologist named Christian Gram created a test that could determine if a bacterium had a thick, mesh-like membrane called peptidoglycan. Bacteria with thick peptidoglycan are called gram positive. If the peptidoglycan layer is thin, it's classified as gram negative.

    Characteristics of Gram-Positive Bacilli

    A gram-positive bacillus doesn't have an outer cell wall beyond the peptidoglycan membrane. This makes it more absorbent. Its peptidoglycan layer is much thicker than the peptidoglycan layer on gram-negative bacilli.  Gram-positive bacilli are shaped like rods. They can also be characterized based on whether they form spores and whether they need oxygen to survive.

    Types of Gram-Positive Bacilli

    Resident flora. Most gram-positive bacilli live harmlessly on your body without causing problems. These are called resident flora. The can be found in the following places on your body:

    Skin Nose Mouth Throat Vagina

    Some types of gram-positive bacilli are pathogenic, which means they cause diseases in people. Some of the major gram-positive bacteria that cause diseases include:

    Anthrax. This is a potentially fatal infection that usually affects the skin or lungs but can rarely infect the gastrointestinal tract as well. Anthrax is a spore-forming type of bacilli. It has the potential to be used as a biological weapon because its spores can be spread in the air and be inhaled. The spores can live for decades and are not easily killed.Diphtheria. This is a contagious infection of the upper respiratory tract. Vaccination can prevent this infection. It's rare in developed countries.Enterococcal Infections. These infections can be caused by bacteria known as enterococci. There are over 17 different species. They live in your intestines, where they don't normally cause problems. If they move to another part of your body, such as your blood, heart valves, or skin, they can cause serious infections.Erysipelothricosis. This is a skin infection that usually happens when you get a scrape or puncture wound while handling infected animals. The main symptom is a hard, purplish-red rash.Listeriosis. This is an infection caused by eating contaminated food. It causes fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

    Treatment of Gram-Positive Bacilli

    Gram-positive bacilli infections are treated with antibiotics. Penicillin, cloxacillin, and erythromycin treat over 90% of gram-positive bacteria.

    However, antibiotic resistance is becoming a serious problem with gram-positive infections. New drugs are being developed to help with this problem. Antibiotics should only be used when you absolutely need them. Infection control standards need to be followed closely to prevent the development and spread of antibiotic-resistant infections.

    Gram-Negative Bacteria

    Gram-negative bacteria have a hard, protective outer shell. Their peptidoglycan layer is much thinner than that of gram-positive bacilli. Gram-negative bacteria are harder to kill because of their harder cell wall. When their cell wall is disturbed, gram-negative bacteria release endotoxins that can make your symptoms worse.

    Gram-negative bacteria can cause many serious infections, including:

    Cholera, a serious intestinal infection

    E. coli

    Plague, an infection of the lymph nodes and lungs

    Cat-scratch disease

    Campylobacter, an infection that usually affects the digestive tract

    Legionnaire's disease, a lung infection

    Salmonella, a digestive infection caused by contaminated food

    Klebsiella, a urinary or respiratory tract infection that usually occurs in long-term care

    Pseudomonas, a group of infections that affect different parts of the body

    Tularemia, an infection that's transmitted by wild animals

    Typhoid fever, an infection that is more common in developing countries

    Risks for Developing Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections

    Gram-negative infections are most common in hospitals. Your risk increases the longer you stay in the hospital. Other things that increase your risk of developing a gram-negative infection include:

    Undergoing dialysis for kidney disease

    Being on a ventilator

    Having a weak immune system

    Recently having surgery

    Having war wounds Using a catheter

    How Are Gram-Negative Bacteria Treated?

    Gram-negative bacteria have high resistance to antibiotics. They are one of the most serious public health issues in the world. Gram-negative bacteria have the ability to cause a lot of diseases in humans. They can reach almost all of the organ systems. Your doctor may need to try several antibiotics to beat the infection. Older antibiotics may work better.

    Preventing and Controlling Antibiotic Resistance

    Antibiotic resistance is made worse by the overuse of antibiotics. You can take the following steps to help control and prevent antibiotic resistance:

    Only use antibiotics prescribed by your healthcare provider.

    Source : www.webmd.com

    metropolitan water reclamation district commissioners election 2022

    get metropolitan water reclamation district commissioners election 2022 from EN Bilgi.

    Metropolitan Water Reclamation District Commissioner, Seat 1

    Search for elected offices across the USA.

    Metropolitan Water Reclamation District Commissioner, Seat 1

    EMPLOYER / ORGANIZATION

    Metropolitan Water Reclamation District

    NEXT ELECTION

    Nov 08, 2022

    FILING WINDOW

    Jun 20, 2022 - Jun 27, 2022

    DESCRIPTION

    The mission of the Water District Board is to serve as water and wastewater specialists, providing exceptional and sustainable services while also making governing body decisions.

    I'm interested in running for this office

    APPLICATION GUIDELINES

    To run for this position you must contact the City Clerk first and be aware that the filing window is one week long, which is 113 days prior to the election to 106 days prior to the election. If you are considering running, contact the City Clerk as soon as possible to verify that your address is eligible to run for the position you are considering, and to clarify the requirements for running (petition signatures, filing fees, etc.) The City Clerks are the administrators for the elections and their purpose is to help voters and candidates, so contact them as soon as possible. Additionally, please use the weblink to the Candidate Guide provided by the State of Illinois on this page.

    Submit application to:

    Metropolitan Water Reclamation District, 6001 W Pershing Rd, Cicero, IL, 60804, US

    Source : www.runforoffice.org

    Green MWRD Slate On the Ballot!

    Green MWRD Slate On the Ballot!

    Mar 25, 2022 | Ballot Access, Elections, MWRD

    The Illinois Green Party’s 2022 slate for the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District will be on the ballot in the November 2022 General Election after no challenges to their signatures were submitted.  Green candidates for the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District, Toneal Jackson and Mark Buettner, filed their petitions to get on the ballot for the 2022 General Election on Monday, March 14, 2022.  The MWRD, which occupies most of Cook County, plus a few townships outside of Cook County, is the Illinois Green Party’s only recognized district.  So while most Green candidates around the state begin petitioning in April, MWRD candidates began collecting signatures in January, at the same time as Democrats and Republicans and other third parties with recognized districts.

    Jackson, an award-winning author, publisher, podcaster, and organizer, and Buettner, a former MWRD treatment plant operator, hope to bring new ideas for a green future for the MWRD to the board.

    “Commissioner Kimberly du Buclet called the MWRD, ‘The most important agency that no one knows about.’  My hope is that my Educated AND EMPOWERED campaign will be the solution to that problem.  My plan is to not only ignite more Cook County residents to vote in November, but also inspire them to take continual actions towards a cleaner, greener lifestyle,” said Jackson.

    Meet the Green Slate

    Toneal M. Jackson

    2022 MWRD Candidate

    2-Year Term

    International Award-Winning Author, publisher, podcaster and organizer. Founder of Artists Promoting Success and I’m Glad to be a Woman, Jackson uses her platforms to educate and empower. Her podcast, Toneal Talks Politics has helped bring awareness to the Green Party, their core values as well as other environmental issues.

    Toneal received her Bachelor of Arts in Communication from DePaul University and her Master of Business Administration from University of Phoenix. In 2016, she was inducted into the 40 Under 40 Young Women Professionals League. She was inducted into the Professional Organization of Women in Excellence Recognized (P.O.W.E.R.) in 2018. In 2019, Jackson was the recipient of the I Change Nations Award.

    Mark Buettner

    2022 MWRD Candidate

    6-Year Term

    Mark received a degree in Water Technology from New Mexico State University in 2008. He worked as an Illinois wastewater treatment works operator class 1 for 14 years in the water reclamation industry; nine of those years as an MWRD treatment plant operator.

    Mark grew up in Mt. Prospect, but has been living happily for the last 10 years in Des Plaines, 2 blocks from the river. Mark wants to improve storm water management and reduce nutrient pollution in our waterways. He would like Illinoisans to be able to swim in our rivers, and he is determined to make sure our tax money is well spent.

    What is the MWRD?

    Created in 1889 as the Sanitary District of Chicago, the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago (MWRD) today is an award-winning, special-purpose district responsible for treating wastewater and providing stormwater management for residents and businesses in its service area, which encompasses 882.1 square miles and includes Chicago and 128 suburban communities throughout Cook County. The MWRD serves approximately 12.72 million people each day, including 5.16 million residents.

    Click Here to Learn More

    Source : www.ilgp.org

    Metropolitan Water Reclamation District

    See candidates for Metropolitan Water Reclamation District.

    Metropolitan Water Reclamation District

    Metropolitan Water Reclamation District Candidates

    Full Term

    Mariyana Spyropoulos (D) - Incumbent

    “As an attorney with an MBA, I bring my legal and financial background to my work at the MWRD. I’ve been your voice for fiscal responsibility, transparency as well as flood prevention, and sustainability.”

    READ MORE

    Yumeka Brown (D)

    “If elected, I will highlight and prioritize the public health and safety of Cook County residents, I will work diligently to eradicate environmental injustices, and I will fight each and every day for clean water, clean air, and healthy and equitable communities throughout the entire county.”

    READ MORE

    Patricia Theresa Flynn (D)

    “Now is the time to act; we are all aware that the 50-year flood and the 100-year flood are events happening at much shorter intervals. My Village Board and I have acted on flood mitigation locally successfully removing 150 homes from a flood plain.”

    READ MORE

    Frank Avila (D)

    “In order to protect our Lakes and waterways, I will ensure Cost-Effective Wastewater treatment and promote Green and Gray infrastructure projects to protect homes and businesses from flooding.”

    READ MORE

    Rick Garcia (D)

    Did not participate in the WTTW Chicago Voter Guide.

    Cristina P. Nonato (D)

    Did not participate in the WTTW Chicago Voter Guide.

    Precious Brady-Davis (D)

    “When Donald Trump became president in 2016 I took action and went to work at the Sierra Club as I refused to sit on the sidelines as the grifter-in-chief cleared the way for his fossil fuels cronies to stomp on environmental protections, and pollute our waterways and public lands”

    READ MORE

    Sharon Waller (D)

    “If elected, I’ll be the only engineer on the board. As a licensed Environmental Engineer with 30 years of experience in water, I am pro-business and pro-environment. I’m running to promote water policy.”

    READ MORE

    Mark Buettner (G)

    “With about 14 years of experience that I have in the business as a treatment plant operator and grease police, industrial waste, I should be able to make sure that your money is well spent.”

    READ MORE

    R. Cary Capparelli (R)

    “The MWRD Board is multiplied by mostly unqualified ‘machine’ Democrats for the last fifty (50) years without a check and balance system. Now, there is an immediate need for competent representation to limit ‘machine politics’ to create a better and more effective agency.”

    READ MORE

    Unexpired Term

    Daniel “Pogo” Pogorzelski (D)

    “The perils of climate change and the overwhelming amount of microplastics that are being dumped into our waterways necessitate that the MWRD lead on this critical issue.”

    READ MORE

    Elizabeth Joyce (D)

    Did not participate in the WTTW Chicago Voter Guide.

    Chakena D. Perry (D) - Incumbent

    “I am running to retain my 2-year seat because there’s a ton of work to do to prepare our communities to combat the ongoing threat of climate change, particularly within Black communities that are disproportionately impacted by flooding and other environmental harms.”

    READ MORE

    Toneal M. Jackson (G)

    Source : news.wttw.com

    a muscle fiber is what level of organization in the body?

    get a muscle fiber is what level of organization in the body? from EN Bilgi.

    Structure of Skeletal Muscle

    Structure of Skeletal Muscle

    A whole skeletal muscle is considered an organ of the muscular system. Each organ or muscle consists of skeletal muscle tissue, connective tissue, nerve tissue, and blood or vascular tissue.

    Skeletal muscles vary considerably in size, shape, and arrangement of fibers. They range from extremely tiny strands such as the stapedium muscle of the middle ear to large masses such as the muscles of the thigh. Some skeletal muscles are broad in shape and some narrow. In some muscles the fibers are parallel to the long axis of the muscle; in some they converge to a narrow attachment; and in some they are oblique.

    Each skeletal muscle fiber is a single cylindrical muscle cell. An individual skeletal muscle may be made up of hundreds, or even thousands, of muscle fibers bundled together and wrapped in a connective tissue covering. Each muscle is surrounded by a connective tissue sheath called the epimysium. Fascia, connective tissue outside the epimysium, surrounds and separates the muscles. Portions of the epimysium project inward to divide the muscle into compartments. Each compartment contains a bundle of muscle fibers. Each bundle of muscle fiber is called a fasciculus and is surrounded by a layer of connective tissue called the perimysium. Within the fasciculus, each individual muscle cell, called a muscle fiber, is surrounded by connective tissue called the endomysium.

    Skeletal muscle cells (fibers), like other body cells, are soft and fragile. The connective tissue covering furnish support and protection for the delicate cells and allow them to withstand the forces of contraction. The coverings also provide pathways for the passage of blood vessels and nerves.

    Commonly, the epimysium, perimysium, and endomysium extend beyond the fleshy part of the muscle, the belly or gaster, to form a thick ropelike tendon or a broad, flat sheet-like aponeurosis. The tendon and aponeurosis form indirect attachments from muscles to the periosteum of bones or to the connective tissue of other muscles. Typically a muscle spans a joint and is attached to bones by tendons at both ends. One of the bones remains relatively fixed or stable while the other end moves as a result of muscle contraction.

    Skeletal muscles have an abundant supply of blood vessels and nerves. This is directly related to the primary function of skeletal muscle, contraction. Before a skeletal muscle fiber can contract, it has to receive an impulse from a nerve cell. Generally, an artery and at least one vein accompany each nerve that penetrates the epimysium of a skeletal muscle. Branches of the nerve and blood vessels follow the connective tissue components of the muscle of a nerve cell and with one or more minute blood vessels called capillaries.

    « Previous (Muscular System)

    Next (Muscle Types) »

    Source : training.seer.cancer.gov

    Skeletal Muscle – Anatomy and Physiology

    SKELETAL MUSCLE

    Learning Objectives

    By the end of this section, you will be able to:

    Describe the layers of connective tissues packaging skeletal muscle

    Explain how muscles work with tendons to move the body

    Identify areas of the skeletal muscle fibers

    Describe excitation-contraction coupling

    The best-known feature of skeletal muscle is its ability to contract and cause movement. Skeletal muscles act not only to produce movement but also to stop movement, such as resisting gravity to maintain posture. Small, constant adjustments of the skeletal muscles are needed to hold a body upright or balanced in any position. Muscles also prevent excess movement of the bones and joints, maintaining skeletal stability and preventing skeletal structure damage or deformation. Joints can become misaligned or dislocated entirely by pulling on the associated bones; muscles work to keep joints stable. Skeletal muscles are located throughout the body at the openings of internal tracts to control the movement of various substances. These muscles allow functions, such as swallowing, urination, and defecation, to be under voluntary control. Skeletal muscles also protect internal organs (particularly abdominal and pelvic organs) by acting as an external barrier or shield to external trauma and by supporting the weight of the organs.

    Skeletal muscles contribute to the maintenance of homeostasis in the body by generating heat. Muscle contraction requires energy, and when ATP is broken down, heat is produced. This heat is very noticeable during exercise, when sustained muscle movement causes body temperature to rise, and in cases of extreme cold, when shivering produces random skeletal muscle contractions to generate heat.

    Each skeletal muscle is an organ that consists of various integrated tissues. These tissues include the skeletal muscle fibers, blood vessels, nerve fibers, and connective tissue. Each skeletal muscle has three layers of connective tissue (called “mysia”) that enclose it and provide structure to the muscle as a whole, and also compartmentalize the muscle fibers within the muscle ((Figure)). Each muscle is wrapped in a sheath of dense, irregular connective tissue called the epimysium, which allows a muscle to contract and move powerfully while maintaining its structural integrity. The epimysium also separates muscle from other tissues and organs in the area, allowing the muscle to move independently.

    The Three Connective Tissue Layers

    Bundles of muscle fibers, called fascicles, are covered by the perimysium. Muscle fibers are covered by the endomysium.

    Inside each skeletal muscle, muscle fibers are organized into individual bundles, each called a fascicle, by a middle layer of connective tissue called the perimysium. This fascicular organization is common in muscles of the limbs; it allows the nervous system to trigger a specific movement of a muscle by activating a subset of muscle fibers within a bundle, or fascicle of the muscle. Inside each fascicle, each muscle fiber is encased in a thin connective tissue layer of collagen and reticular fibers called the endomysium. The endomysium contains the extracellular fluid and nutrients to support the muscle fiber. These nutrients are supplied via blood to the muscle tissue.

    In skeletal muscles that work with tendons to pull on bones, the collagen in the three tissue layers (the mysia) intertwines with the collagen of a tendon. At the other end of the tendon, it fuses with the periosteum coating the bone. The tension created by contraction of the muscle fibers is then transferred though the mysia, to the tendon, and then to the periosteum to pull on the bone for movement of the skeleton. In other places, the mysia may fuse with a broad, tendon-like sheet called an aponeurosis, or to fascia, the connective tissue between skin and bones. The broad sheet of connective tissue in the lower back that the latissimus dorsi muscles (the “lats”) fuse into is an example of an aponeurosis.

    Every skeletal muscle is also richly supplied by blood vessels for nourishment, oxygen delivery, and waste removal. In addition, every muscle fiber in a skeletal muscle is supplied by the axon branch of a somatic motor neuron, which signals the fiber to contract. Unlike cardiac and smooth muscle, the only way to functionally contract a skeletal muscle is through signaling from the nervous system.

    Skeletal Muscle Fibers

    Because skeletal muscle cells are long and cylindrical, they are commonly referred to as muscle fibers. Skeletal muscle fibers can be quite large for human cells, with diameters up to 100 μm and lengths up to 30 cm (11.8 in) in the Sartorius of the upper leg. During early development, embryonic myoblasts, each with its own nucleus, fuse with up to hundreds of other myoblasts to form the multinucleated skeletal muscle fibers. Multiple nuclei mean multiple copies of genes, permitting the production of the large amounts of proteins and enzymes needed for muscle contraction.

    Some other terminology associated with muscle fibers is rooted in the Greek sarco, which means “flesh.” The plasma membrane of muscle fibers is called the sarcolemma, the cytoplasm is referred to as sarcoplasm, and the specialized smooth endoplasmic reticulum, which stores, releases, and retrieves calcium ions (Ca++) is called the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) ((Figure)). As will soon be described, the functional unit of a skeletal muscle fiber is the sarcomere, a highly organized arrangement of the contractile myofilaments actin (thin filament) and myosin (thick filament), along with other support proteins.

    Source : opentextbc.ca

    10.2 Skeletal Muscle – Anatomy & Physiology

    10.2 SKELETAL MUSCLE

    Learning Objectives

    Describe the structure and function of skeletal muscle fibers

    By the end of this section, you will be able to:

    Describe the connective tissue layers surrounding skeletal muscle

    Define a muscle fiber, myofibril, and sarcomere

    List the major sarcomeric proteins involved with contraction

    Identify the regions of the sarcomere and whether they change during contraction

    Explain the sliding filament process of muscle contraction

    Each skeletal muscle is an organ that consists of various integrated tissues. These tissues include the skeletal muscle fibers, blood vessels, nerve fibers, and connective tissue. Each skeletal muscle has three layers of connective tissue that enclose it, provide structure to the muscle, and compartmentalize the muscle fibers within the muscle (Figure 10.2.1). Each muscle is wrapped in a sheath of dense, irregular connective tissue called the epimysium, which allows a muscle to contract and move powerfully while maintaining its structural integrity. The epimysium also separates muscle from other tissues and organs in the area, allowing the muscle to move independently.

    Figure 10.2.1 – The Three Connective Tissue Layers: Bundles of muscle fibers, called fascicles, are covered by the perimysium. Muscle fibers are covered by the endomysium.

    Inside each skeletal muscle, muscle fibers are organized into bundles, called fascicles, surrounded by a middle layer of connective tissue called the perimysium. This fascicular organization is common in muscles of the limbs; it allows the nervous system to trigger a specific movement of a muscle by activating a subset of muscle fibers within a fascicle of the muscle. Inside each fascicle, each muscle fiber is encased in a thin connective tissue layer of collagen and reticular fibers called the endomysium. The endomysium surrounds the extracellular matrix of the cells and plays a role in transferring force produced by the muscle fibers to the tendons.

    In skeletal muscles that work with tendons to pull on bones, the collagen in the three connective tissue layers intertwines with the collagen of a tendon. At the other end of the tendon, it fuses with the periosteum coating the bone. The tension created by contraction of the muscle fibers is then transferred though the connective tissue layers, to the tendon, and then to the periosteum to pull on the bone for movement of the skeleton. In other places, the mysia may fuse with a broad, tendon-like sheet called an aponeurosis, or to fascia, the connective tissue between skin and bones. The broad sheet of connective tissue in the lower back that the latissimus dorsi muscles (the “lats”) fuse into is an example of an aponeurosis.

    Every skeletal muscle is also richly supplied by blood vessels for nourishment, oxygen delivery, and waste removal. In addition, every muscle fiber in a skeletal muscle is supplied by the axon branch of a somatic motor neuron, which signals the fiber to contract. Unlike cardiac and smooth muscle, the only way to functionally contract a skeletal muscle is through signaling from the nervous system.

    SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS

    Because skeletal muscle cells are long and cylindrical, they are commonly referred to as muscle fibers (or myofibers). Skeletal muscle fibers can be quite large compared to other cells, with diameters up to 100 μm and lengths up to 30 cm (11.8 in) in the Sartorius of the upper leg. Having many nuclei allows for production of the large amounts of proteins and enzymes needed for maintaining normal function of these large protein dense cells.  In addition to nuclei, skeletal muscle fibers also contain cellular organelles found in other cells, such as mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum.  Howver, some of these structures are specialized in muscle fibers.  The specialized smooth endoplasmic reticulum, called the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), stores, releases, and retrieves calcium ions (Ca++).

    The plasma membrane of muscle fibers is called the sarcolemma (from the Greek sarco, which means “flesh”) and the cytoplasm is referred to as sarcoplasm (Figure 10.2.2). Within a muscle fiber, proteins are organized into structures called myofibrils that run the length of the cell and contain sarcomeres connected in series. Because myofibrils are only approximately 1.2 μm in diameter, hundreds to thousands (each with thousands of sarcomeres) can be found inside one muscle fiber.  The sarcomere is the smallest functional unit of a skeletal muscle fiber and is a highly organized arrangement of contractile, regulatory, and structural proteins. It is the shortening of these individual sarcomeres that lead to the contraction of individual skeletal muscle fibers (and ultimately the whole muscle).

    Figure 10.2.2 – Muscle Fiber: A skeletal muscle fiber is surrounded by a plasma membrane called the sarcolemma, which contains sarcoplasm, the cytoplasm of muscle cells. A muscle fiber is composed of many myofibrils, which contain sarcomeres with light and dark regions that give the cell its striated appearance.

    Source : open.oregonstate.education